DNA Haplotypes (DNA
signatures) for famous,
Mitochondrial DNA - mtDNA
The Romanovs - The Last Russian Royal Family
In July 1991, nine bodies were exhumed from a shallow grave just outside Ekaterinburg, Russia. Circumstantial evidence, along with mitochondrial DNA sequencing and matches, gave strong evidence to the remains being those of the Romanovs, the last Russian Royals who were executed on July 18, 1918. The following sequences for Tsar Nicholas II, his cousin, Count Nicholai Trubetskoy, Tsarina Alexandra, and Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh, are taken from Bryan Sykes book, "The Seven Daughters of Eve."
The Tsar's sequence contains a new mutation at position 169, a
state referred to as heteroplasmy - the existence of
more than one mitochondrial type in the cells of an individual, i.e., the presence of both
normal and mutant mtDNA in a single individual. The remains of his brother, Grand
Duke of Russia, Georgij Romanov were exhumed, and the results were identical to the
Tsar's, including the heteroplasmy at 16169Y. Mitosearch: DQR2R
Tsarina Alexandra, the three children buried with her, and Prince
Philip's mitochondrial DNA were an exact match on 740 tested nucleotides.
DNA was extracted from a lock of Marie Antoinette's hair that was snipped from her head as a child. Her DNA matched a sample taken from a heart believed to be from her son, King Louis XVII. (Source article) Marie Antoinette's farthest known maternal line ancestor: Bertha von Putelendorf, d 1190. Mitosearch: RZBYG
In 1995, the infamous outlaw, Jesse James' body was exhumed for DNA testing. Samples of hair and other fragments from his first burial site at his home were also recovered and sampled, along with mtDNA samples extracted from two living James' relatives. All samples resulted in a perfect match, thus concluding that the body in Mt. Olivet Cemetery, is indeed that of Jesse James. Mitosearch: EEYCU (Source article)
Petrarch - The Italian Poet
In 2003, the remains of the 14th century Italian scholar, poet, and humanist, Francesco Petrarca were exhumed and DNA was extracted from a tooth and a rib. Gender testing revealed that the tooth was from a female and the rib was from a male. Petrach's grave had been violated by thieves in 1630, but the rib that was analyzed is believed to be his as skeletal injuries are consistent with those he received from a kick by a donkey. (Source) Read more
James "Earthquake McGoon" McGovern
The first American combat fatality (along with his co-pilot) in Vietnam, James "Earthquake McGoon" McGovern was a WWII fighter ace. On May 6, 1954, his plane was shot down over Laos. The remains were discovered in 2002 and DNA testing was conducted in 2006. (Source) Read more
The first astronomer to propose a heliocentric model which displaced the Earth as the center of the universe.
Ancient DNA Haplotypes
Bryan Sykes, and his team at Oxford University distributed DNA test kits to local Cheddar schools, and a match was found to a local schoolteacher, Adrian Targett. Read more on Cheddar Man.
Ice Man - Otzi of Italy
Ice Maiden - "Juanita" of Peru
Also known as "Juanita", the Inca Ice Maiden was
discovered on Mount Ampato, near Arequipa, Peru by Johann Reinhard in 1995. She was
sacrificed sometime around the ages of 12-14 and lived about 500 years ago. Her body
lay frozen at the mountaintop until a nearby volcanic eruption melted Mount Ampato's ice
cap. Mitosearch: H35HN
Luke the Evangelist - aka St. Luke
Thomas Jefferson - Sally Hemmings
In 1998, the most famous Y-chromosome DNA testing case ever to
debut, asked "Did Thomas Jefferson father children by his slave, Sally
Genghis Khan - An Asian Alpha Male
As eight percent of twenty-one hundred Central Asian males tested
had a "unique Y-chromosome lineage", it has been deduced that this may be the
"founder" lineage of Genghis Khan.
Niall of the Nine Hostages
Niall Noigíallach, was a High King of Ireland, and the father of millions of descendants. He lived in the 5th century, and his estimated death date is 450/455 AD (Source). The Southern and Northern Uí Néill (meaning "descendants of Niall"; Uí pronounced 'Ee') dynasties produced the Irish High Kings for centuries and includes St. Columba, Niall's great-great grandson.
Somerled - The Norse Scot foe of the Vikings
Tradition has that the great Somerled of Argyll, born c. 1100AD, was descended from Irish kings. However, his deduced ancestral haplotype says otherwise. He may have been kin to the very Vikings that he tore the hearts out of. (Source article)
12 markers for Somerled has been deduced by Mark MacDonald.)
*The full name for 156Y is DXYS156Y (the Y version of a marker that can be found on both the X and Y chromosomes).
header: The Romanovs