Y-DNA Haplogroup E and its Subclades - 2016

The entire work is identified by the Version Number and date given on the Main Page. Directions for citing the document are given at the bottom of the Main Page.

Version History     Last revision date for this specific page: 25 August 2016

Because of continuing research, the structure of the Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree changes and ISOGG does its best to keep the tree updated with the latest developments in the field. The viewer may observe other versions of the tree on the Web. Email Ray Banks if the differences need clarification or if you find any broken links on this page.

LINKS:  Main Page   Y-DNA Tree Trunk    SNP Index    Papers/Presentations Cited    Glossary   Listing Criteria
FONT COLORS:  Newly confirmed in 2016 within subclade  Confirmed within subclade  Investigational items 

^ Indicates a next-generation sequencing entry which does not yet meet quality guidelines for minimum number of reads.
^^ Indicates an entry which does not meet quality guidelines but may be helpful.
~ Indicates only an approximate location on the tree.

The criteria for a representative SNP printed in bold for a subclade is: traditional usage, testing one in multiple labs, and/or being found in the area of the chromosome used in recent research studies.

SNPs listed below in italics (colored black or red) are quality variants from next-generation sequencing reports consistently showing as representing that subgroup.

Contact Person for Haplogroup E: Aaron Brown

E  M96/PF1823, A10822/M5550/PF1873, CTS433/M5384/PF1504, CTS860/M5388/PF1511, CTS939/M5389, CTS1008/M5391/PF1516, CTS1105/M5397, CTS2401/M5448/PF1633, CTS2496/M5449/PF1636, CTS2893/M5453, CTS3199/M5455/PF1649, CTS3337/PF1653, CTS3749/M5461/PF1660, CTS3774/M5462/PF1661, CTS4373/M5466/PF1669, CTS4685/M5467/PF1671, CTS4994/M5468, CTS5316/M5470/PF1683, CTS6048/M5475/PF1697, CTS6513/M5483/PF1710, CTS6755/M5485/PF1713, CTS6818/M5487, CTS7138/M5492/PF1723, CTS7824/M5495/PF1732, CTS8053/M5497/PF1738, CTS8189/M5500, CTS8269/M5501/PF1743, CTS8631/L794/M5505/PF1751, CTS8754/M5506/PF1752, CTS9440/M5510/PF1769, CTS9799/M5516/PF1777, CTS10296/M5519/PF1780/V4064, CTS10330/M5520/PF1781/V4089, CTS10344/M5521/PF1783, CTS10894/M5552, CTS11216/M5556/PF1882, CTS11504/M5559/PF1892, CTS11599/PF1893, CTS11622/PF1894, CTS11644/PF1895, CTS11811/M5560/PF1899, CTS11916/M5562/PF1901, FGC2058/S14723/YFS32979/Z15673, FGC2060/Z15671, FGC2079, FGC2647/S7472/Z15672, FGC6230, L339, L504/PF1803, L507/PF1874, L511/PF1888, L537/PF1507, L614/PF1898/YSC0000032, L856/PF1553, M40/PF1445/SRY4064/SRY8299, M5382/PF1502, M5396, M5403/PF1530/V1254, M5406/PF1539, M5410/PF1545/V1692, M5416/PF1552, M5417/PF1554/V2187, M5418/PF1555/V2350, M5422/PF1561/V2471, M5424/PF1563, M5425/PF2323, M5426/PF1564, M5428, M5431/PF1576, M5436/PF1583, M5438, M5439/PF1590, M5440/PF1591, M5452/PF1642, M5525/PF1795, M5527/PF1796, M5529/PF1798, M5533, M5539, M5540/PF1816, M5543/PF1819, M5545/PF1822, M5548/PF1834, M5549/PF1837, M5564/PF1904, M5566/PF1906, M5569/PF1919, M5571/S7474, M5572/PF1923, M9051, M9052, P29/PF1643, P150/PF1704, P152/PF1646, P155/PF1687, P156/PF1725, P168, P169/Page54/PF1878, P170/PF1656, P171/PF1903, P172/PF1510, P173, P174/PF1674, P175, P176/PF1678, PF1567, PF1618, PF1788, PF1868, PF1917
E1   P147/PF1938, CTS955/M5390/PF1514, CTS5913/M5474/PF1694, CTS6355/M5479/PF1703, CTS8432/PF1745, CTS9083/M5509/PF1764, CTS9753/M5515/PF1776, M5413/PF1549/V1844, M5421/PF1559, M5534/PF1809, PF1593
  E1a   M132, CTS21, CTS140, CTS245/V1118, CTS340, CTS443, CTS520, CTS548, CTS600, CTS685, CTS895, CTS1059, CTS1076, CTS1134, CTS1172, CTS1364, CTS1374, CTS1404, CTS1671/Z924, CTS1686/Z925, CTS1720, CTS1876, CTS1923, CTS1931, CTS1937/Z926, CTS1987, CTS2002, CTS2031, CTS2131/Z927, CTS2166/Z928, CTS2186, CTS2255, CTS2280, CTS2362, CTS2384/Z929, CTS2743, CTS2751, CTS2808/L633, CTS3045/V2509/Z930, CTS3173, CTS3309/V2623, CTS3342, CTS3459, CTS3507/V2736, CTS3581/V2785, CTS3698, CTS3716, CTS4034, CTS4268, CTS4467/V3085, CTS4477, CTS4591/V3104/Z933, CTS4946, CTS5009/V3271, CTS5033, CTS5194, CTS5283, CTS5313/Z935, CTS5393/Z936, CTS5503/Z937, CTS5589, CTS5701, CTS5734, CTS5775, CTS5793, CTS5905, CTS6063, CTS6213, CTS6230, CTS6245, CTS6288, CTS6370, CTS6410, CTS6476, CTS6486, CTS6516, CTS6608/Z939, CTS6614/Z940, CTS7156, CTS7190, CTS7296, CTS7584, CTS7651, CTS7654, CTS7830, CTS8185, CTS8383, CTS8433, CTS8482, CTS8538, CTS8632, CTS8663, CTS8720, CTS8835, CTS8867, CTS8953, CTS9003/V3320, CTS9074/V3362, CTS9110/V3403, CTS9114/Z942, CTS9155, CTS9198/V3464, CTS9439,  CTS9505/Z943, CTS9520, CTS9714, CTS9927, CTS10067, CTS10147, CTS10182/V4005, CTS10475, CTS10497/V4170, CTS10567/V4219, CTS10644/Z957, CTS10752, CTS10964, CTS11187, CTS11248, CTS11276/Z960, CTS11300/Z961, CTS11329, CTS11444, CTS11860, CTS12046/Z962, L481, M10372.1/ZS6696.1, M33, V1277/Z15456, V1341/Z904, V1374/Z15469, V1563/Z15461, V1668/Z15462, V1676/Z15463, V1698/Z15464, V1733/Z15465/Z17396, V1751/Z907, V2008/Z910, V2052/Z15467, V2079/Y21979/Z911, V2108/Z15468, V2125/Z912, V2310/Z916, Y1193.2, Z913,  Z917, Z920, Z921, Z922, Z931, Z938, Z944, Z945, Z946, Z948, Z949, Z950, Z951, Z953, Z963, Z964, Z965, Z966, Z15135, Z15142, Z15454, Z15455, Z15457, Z15458, Z15459, Z15460, Z15466, Z15470, Z15472, Z15473, Z15474, Z15476, Z15478, Z15479, Z15480, Z15481, Z15482, Z15485, Z15486, Z15492, Z15493, Z15494, Z15495, Z15496, Z15499, Z15500/Z17398, Z15501, Z15502, Z15503, Z15504, Z15505, Z15506, Z15507, Z15510, Z15511, Z15512, Z15513, Z15515, Z15516, Z15517/Z17400, Z15518, Z15519, Z15520, Z15521, Z15522, Z15523, Z15524, Z15525, Z15526, Z15527, Z15528, Z15541, Z15542, Z15543, Z15544, Z15545, Z15547, Z15550, Z15551, Z15552, Z15554, Z15556, Z15557, Z17399, Z17403
   E1a1   M44, BY172.1/SK563.1/V3797.1/Z17470.1, L632, L634, L1239, L1240, S11513/SK562/V2068/Z17420, SK564/Z17450, SK565/Z17480, SK566/V2316/Z17422, SK567/V1740/Z17417, SK568/Z17498, V1584/Z17412, V1776/Z17418, V1971/Z17419, V2142/Z17421, V2407/Z17423, V2463/Z17424, V2779/Z17439, V2908/Z17441, V2981/Z17442, V3000/Z17433, V3003/Z17444, V3045/Z17445, V3168/Z17446, V3302/Z17466, V3605/Z17468, V3615/Z17469, V3976/Z17472, Z17406, Z17407, Z17408, Z17409, Z17410, Z17411, Z17413, Z17414, Z17416, Z17425, Z17426, Z17427, Z17428, Z17429, Z17430, Z17431, Z17434, Z17435, Z17436, Z17437, Z17438, Z17440,  Z17443, Z17447, Z17448, Z17449, Z17451, Z17452, Z17453, Z17454, Z17455, Z17456, Z17457, Z17458, Z17459, Z17460, Z17461, Z17462, Z17463, Z17464, Z17465, Z17471, Z17473, Z17474, Z17475, Z17476, Z17477, Z17478, Z17479, Z17481, Z17482, Z17483, Z17484, Z17485, Z17499, Z17500, Z17501, Z17502, Z17503, Z17504, Z17506, Z17507
    E1a1a   Z17699
     E1a1a1   Z17697, Z17698, Z17700
      E1a1a1a   Z42331, Z42332, Z42333, Z42334, Z42335, Z42336, Z42337, Z42338
       E1a1a1a1   Z17696
       E1a1a1a2~ Z42339, Z42340, Z42341, Z42342, Z42343
     E1a1a2   A7710
    E1a1b   Z17467
     E1a1b1   Z31503
     E1a1b2   SK569/Z20647, Y20482, Y20483, Y20484, Y20485, Y20486, Y20488, Y20490, Y20646, Y20649, Z40502
   E1a2   CTS10713/Z958, CTS230/V1113, CTS248, CTS678, CTS986, CTS1103, CTS1306, CTS1319, CTS2223, CTS2307, CTS2327, CTS2454, CTS2832, CTS3208, CTS3256, CTS3355/V2643, CTS3515, CTS3538, CTS3914, CTS4174/Z932, CTS4276, CTS4316, CTS4337/V3057, CTS4692, CTS5155/Z934, CTS5422, CTS5458, CTS6329, CTS6384, CTS6891, CTS7453/Z941, CTS7499, CTS7978, CTS8133, CTS8817, CTS9096/V3384CTS9548/V3633, CTS10225, CTS10801, CTS11085/Z959, CTS11320, CTS11390, CTS12022, V1266/Z15127, V1507/Z905, V2232/Z915, V1312/Z15128, Z908, Z914, Z955, Z956, Z967, Z15129, Z15130, Z15131, V2002/Z15132, Z15133, Z15134,  Z15136, Z15141, Z15145, Z15148, Z15151, Z15152, Z15153, Z15155, Z15162, Z15163, Z15165, Z15169
   E1a2~ CTS6817, CTS7198
    E1a2a   CTS246/V1119, CTS2632, CTS4519, CTS9089/V3379, Y967, Z906, Z918, Z15171
     E1a2a1   CTS10935, Z15271
      E1a2a1a   CTS3380, CTS2648, CTS4187, V1734/Z885
       E1a2a1a1   P110, CTS1753, CTS1927/Z888, CTS2273, CTS2518/Z889, CTS3519, CTS3881/V2847, CTS5110/Z890, CTS5365, CTS7182, CTS8725, CTS11593, CTS11290/Z894, CTS11578/Z895V2058/Z886, Z887, Z892, Z15395, Z15396
        E1a2a1a1a   CTS1792, CTS6482, CTS7040, CTS7797, CTS10874, V4008/Z15403, Z15397, Z15398, Z15399, Z15400, Z15401, Z15402, Z15404, Z15405
       E1a2a1a2   Z15406, Z15407, Z15408, Z15409, Z15410
      E1a2a1b   L133.1/Page74.1, CTS1285, CTS5145/Z880, CTS5607, CTS6573, CTS8762/Z881, CTS11769, Z878, Z879, Z15274, Z15276, Z15277, Z15278
       E1a2a1b2   CTS736, A173.1/Z15291.1, CTS602, CTS3351, CTS3615, CTS3840, CTS7084, CTS7140, CTS7912, CTS9489/M1146, CTS9792, CTS10712, CTS11737, Z12510.2/Z15303.2, Z15285, Z15286, Z15287, Z15288, Z15289, Z15290, Z15292, Z15293, Z15294,  Z15299, Z15300, Z15301, Z15302, Z15304, Z15305, Z15306/ZS6189, Z15307, Z15308, Z15309, Z15310, Z15311, Z15312, Z15313, Z15320,  Z15322, Z15323, Z15324
        E1a2a1b2a   CTS3764.1, FGC24648/Z15361, Z5992, Z15339, Z15340, Z15341, Z15342, Z15343, Z15344, Z15345, Z15346, Z15348, Z15349, Z15350, Z15351, Z15352, Z15353, Z15354, Z15355, Z15356, Z15358, Z15359, Z15360, Z15362, Z15363, Z15364, Z15365, Z15366, Z15367, Z15368, Z15369, Z15371, Z15372, Z15373, Z15374, Z15375, Z15376, Z15377, Z15378, Z15379, Z15380, Z15381, Z15382, Z15383, Z15384, Z15391, Z15392, Z15393, Z15394
     E1a2a2    Z5991, FGC23407/Z15201, Z15172, Z15183, Z15184, Z15185, Z15186, Z15187, Z15188, Z15189, Z15190, Z15191, Z15192, Z15193, Z15194, Z15195, Z15196, Z15197, Z15198, Z15199, Z15200, Z15204, Z15205, Z15207, Z15208, Z15212, Z15217, Z15218, Z15219, Z15220, Z15221, Z15222, Z15223, Z15224, Z15225, Z15226, Z15227, Z15228, Z15229, Z15230, Z15231, Z15232, Z15233, Z15234, Z15235, Z15236, Z15237, Z15238, Z15239, Z15240, Z15241, Z15242, Z15244, Z15245, Z15246, Z15247, Z15249, Z15250, Z15252, Z15253, Z15254, Z15255, Z15256, Z15257, Z15259, Z15260, Z15261, Z15262, Z15263, Z15265, Z15266, Z15268, Z15269, Z15270
    E1a2b   Z5985.1, Z15088, Z15089, Z15090, Z15092, Z15093, Z15094, Z15095, Z15096, Z15097, Z15098, Z15099, Z15102, Z15103, Z15104
     E1a2b1   L94, Z15068, Z15070, Z15071, Z15072, Z15073, Z15075, Z15076, Z15077, Z15078, Z15079, Z15080, Z15082, Z15083
      E1a2b1a   Z15064, Z15065, Z15067
       E1a2b1a1   Z5988
        E1a2b1a1a   Z14979
         E1a2b1a1a1   Z14889, FGC13367/Z14956, Z14898, Z14899, Z14900, Z14901, Z14902, Z14903, Z14904, Z14905, Z14906, Z14907, Z14908, Z14909, Z14910, Z14911, Z14912, Z14913, Z14914, Z14915, Z14916, Z14917, Z14918, Z14919, Z14923, Z14925, Z14926, Z14928, Z14930, Z14931, Z14932, Z14933, Z14934, Z14935, Z14936, Z14937, Z14938, Z14939, Z14940, Z14941, Z14942, Z14943, Z14944, Z14945, Z14946, Z14947, Z14948, Z14949, Z14950, Z14951, Z14952, Z14953, Z14954, Z14955, Z14957, Z14958, Z14959, Z14967, Z14968, Z14969, Z14970, Z14971, Z14972, Z14973, Z14975
       E1a2b1a2   Z5987, Z14992, Z14994, Z14995, Z14996, Z14997, Z14998, Z14999, Z15000, Z15002, Z15007, Z15008, Z15009, Z15010, Z15011, Z15012, Z15014, Z15015, Z15018, Z15019, Z15020, Z15021, Z15022, Z15023, Z15024, Z15025, Z15027, Z15028, Z15029, Z15030, Z15031, Z15032, Z15033, Z15034, Z15035, Z15036, Z15038, Z15040, Z15041, Z15042, Z15043, Z15044, Z15045, Z15049, Z15050, Z15051, Z15052, Z15053, Z15054, Z15055.1, Z15056, Z15059, Z15061, Z15170
  E1b   P177/PF1939
   E1b1   DYS391p, P2/PF1940/PN2, P178, P179, P180/PF1941, P181
    E1b1a   TSC0077541/V38
     E1b1a1   CTS1445/Z1107, CTS3105/V2550, CTS3989/V2884, CTS4245/Z1120, CTS4350/V3068, CTS4415, CTS5042/Z1122, CTS5539, CTS6319/Z1124, CTS6474, CTS7095, CTS7641, CTS8068, CTS8123, CTS8443/M4864/S27799/TSC0769719, CTS8936/V3281, CTS9188/V3455, CTS9338/V3545, CTS10066, CTS10638, CTS10806, CTS11461/KHS1479188, CTS11579, CTS11729, DYS271/M2/SY81, L488, L491, L494/V3225, L608/V2355, L610, M291, P1/PN1, P189.1, P293.1, Page106, CTS5964/TSC0424987, V95, Z1101, Z1116, Z1123, Z1125, Z1127, Z1130, Z1133, Z1135
      E1b1a1a   P46^^
       E1b1a1a1   CTS1847, CTS3576/V2778, CTS10659, CTS10914, CTS11732/KHS1381212,  L86.1, M180/P88, P182, Page66, V43, Z1111, Z1132
        E1b1a1a1a   M58, Page27
        E1b1a1a1b   M10
        E1b1a1a1c    L485
         E1b1a1a1c1   L514
          E1b1a1a1c1a   M191/P86, U186, P253/U247, TSC1640819/Z1712.1
           E1b1a1a1c1a1   P252/U174
            E1b1a1a1c1a1a   P9.2
            E1b1a1a1c1a1b   P115
            E1b1a1a1c1a1c   CTS8030/Z1704
             E1b1a1a1c1a1c1   CTS9106/M4451
              E1b1a1a1c1a1c1a   P116
               E1b1a1a1c1a1c1a1   P113
            E1b1a1a1c1a1d  CTS1313
            E1b1a1a1c1a1e~ L372
          E1b1a1a1c1b   L515, L516, L517, M263.2, Z1893
           E1b1a1a1c1b1   CTS3393/Z1894
         E1b1a1a1c2    CTS9883, CTS5961, CTS10560, CTS10932, CTS10996, Z15933, Z15939, Z15940, Z15941, Z15942, Z15943, Z15945, Z15947, Z15948, Z15952, Z15953, Z15956, Z15958, Z15959, Z15960/ZS6144, Z15961, Z15962, Z15963, Z15964
          E1b1a1a1c2a   Z6003, Z15974, Z15975, Z15976, Z15978, Z15979, Z15980, Z15981, Z15982, Z15983, Z15985
           E1b1a1a1c2a1   Z6004, Z15988, Z15989, Z15990, Z15991, Z15993, Z15994, Z15995, Z15996
          E1b1a1a1c2b   Z6005, Z16000, Z16001, Z16002, Z16003, Z16004, Z16005, Z16006, Z16007, Z16008, Z16011
           E1b1a1a1c2b1   Z6006, Z16017, Z16019, Z16020, Z16021, Z16024, Z16026, Z16027,  Z16029.1, Z16030, Z16031, Z16032, Z16033, Z16034, Z16035, Z16036, Z16038, Z16039, Z16040, Z16041
           E1b1a1a1c2b2   Z6007, Z16043, Z16044, Z16045
            E1b1a1a1c2b2a   Z16052, Z16046, Z16049, Z16053, Z16054, Z16055
          E1b1a1a1c2c   CTS3274, Z16056
           E1b1a1a1c2c1   CTS12004, CTS4907, CTS6973, CTS10951, CTS10959, CTS11236, Z16058, Z16059, Z16061, Z16062, Z16063, Z16064
            E1b1a1a1c2c1a   CTS3725, CTS308, CTS9325, CTS9930, Z16069, Z16070, Z16071, Z16072, Z16073, Z16075, Z16076, Z16077, Z16078, Z16079, Z16080, Z16081, Z16082, Z16084, Z16085
            E1b1a1a1c2c1b   Z6009, Z16093, Z16095, Z16096, Z16097, Z16098, Z16101, Z16102, Z16990, Z16991, Z16993, Z16994, Z16995, Z16996, Z16997, Z16998, Z16999, Z17000, Z17001, Z17002, Z17003, Z17004, Z17005, Z17006
           E1b1a1a1c2c2   Z6010/Z17014, Z17014, Z17015, Z17016, Z17017, Z17018, Z17019,  Z17021, Z17022, Z17025, Z17026, Z17027
            E1b1a1a1c2c2a   F2481, Z17028, Z17032, Z17035, Z17036, Z17037, Z17038, Z17039,  Z17043, Z17044, Z17045, Z17047, Z17048
           E1b1a1a1c2c3   Z6012
            E1b1a1a1c2c3a   Z6013^^
             E1b1a1a1c2c3a1   Z6014, Z17049, Z17050, Z17051, Z17052, Z17055, Z17056, Z17057, Z17058, Z17059, Z17061, Z17062, Z17063, Z17064, Z17065, Z17066, Z17067, Z17069, Z17071, Z17072, Z17073
             E1b1a1a1c2c3a2   Z6015, Z16103, Z16104, Z16108, Z16109, Z16110, Z16112, Z17075, Z15796.2/Z17076.2, Z17077
              E1b1a1a1c2c3a2a   Z6016, Z16115, Z16118, Z16119, Z16120, Z16121, Z16122, Z16123, Z16124, Z16125
            E1b1a1a1c2c3b   Z6017
             E1b1a1a1c2c3b1   Z6018, Z16129, Z16130, Z16131, Z16132, Z16133, Z16136, Z16137, Z16138, Z16139, Z16140, Z16141, Z16142, Z16143, Z16144, Z16145, Z16146, Z16148, Z16149, Z16150, Z16151, Z16152, Z16153, Z16154, Z16155, Z16156, Z16157, Z16158, Z16159, Z16160
            E1b1a1a1c2c3c   Z6019, FGC20707/Z16178, YFS402625.1/Z16183.1/Z19615.1, Z16167, Z16168, Z16169, Z16170, Z16171, Z16172, Z16173,  Z16177, Z16179, Z16180, Z16181, Z16182, Z16184, Z16185, Z16186, Z16187, Z16188, Z16189, Z16190, Z16191, Z16192, Z16193, Z16194, Z16195, Z16196, Z16197, Z16198, Z16199, YP5054/Z16200, Z16201, Z16202, Z16203, Z16204, Z16205, Z16206, Z16208, Z16209, Z16210, Z16212, Z16213
           E1b1a1a1c2c4~ Z6020
        E1b1a1a1d   U175
         E1b1a1a1d1   M4254, P277, P278.1, U209
          E1b1a1a1d1a   U290
           E1b1a1a1d1a1   U181
            E1b1a1a1d1a1a   L97
           E1b1a1a1d1a2   CTS99/Z1725
          E1b1a1a1d1b   P59^^
          E1b1a1a1d1c   M154
          E1b1a1a1d1d   V39
      E1b1a1b   Z5994
       E1b1a1b1   Z22132
        E1b1a1b1a   Z5999^^
         E1b1a1b1a1   Z6000
        E1b1a1b1b   Z5996
        E1b1a1b1c   Z5998^^
     E1b1a2   M329
    E1b1b   M215/Page40/PF1942, CTS225/M5017/PF1450, CTS2591/M5136/PF1637, CTS3988/M5161/PF1664, CTS5530/M5183/PF1689, CTS5792/M5190/PF1692, CTS6953/M5221, CTS7677/L930/M5234/PF1729, CTS8033/M5038/PF1737, CTS8479.1/M5251.1/PF1746.1, CTS8586/M5255/PF1749, CTS9017/M5261/V3341, CTS9049/M5039/PF1763, CTS10513/M5282/PF1789/V4197, CTS10637/M5327, CTS10679/M5048/PF1875, CTS11223/L676/M5049/PF1883, L336/PF1825, M243/PF1943, M5082/PF1537, M5083/PF1538, M5084/PF1540/V1575, M5101/PF1560, M5299/PF1807, M5304/PF1818, M5305/PF1820, M5314/PF1826, M5316/PF1831, M5318/PF1832, PF1572, PF1574
     E1b1b1   M35.1/PF1944.1, CTS890/M5059/PF1513, CTS1389/M5069/PF1525, CTS2216/M5026/PF1629, CTS2474/M5134/PF1635, CTS2620/M5137/PF1638, CTS3512/M5150/PF1655/V2737, CTS3637/M5156/PF1659, CTS4220/M5166, CTS4856/M5174/PF1677/V3194, CTS6298/M5200/PF1701, CTS6809/M5213/PF1716, CTS6834/L931/PF1718, CTS7154/M5226/PF1724, CTS7980/M5241/PF1735, CTS8131/M5247/PF1740, CTS8945/M5258/PF1759/V3289, CTS9324/M5266/PF1768, CTS9956/PF1778/V3860, CTS10184/M5274/PF1779/V4006, L117/M5152/Page15/PF1657, L538/M5100/PF1556/V2353, L545/M5178/PF1679, L796/M5294/PF1801, M5021/PF1532, M5041/PF1812, M5047/PF1830, M5074/PF1531/V1257, M5078/PF1534/V1383, M5085/PF1542/V1602, M5088/PF1543/V1659, M5108/PF1566, M5287/PF1793/S7492, M5301/PF1813, M5321/PF1835, M5322/PF1836, M5325/PF1871, M5360/PF1909, PF1575, PF1619, PF1755
      E1b1b1a   L539/PF2203, CTS2270/PF2127, CTS2661/PF2130, CTS4208/PF2136/V2970/Z1209, CTS7924/PF2154, CTS8899, CTS10323/PF2167/V4083, L546/PF2153, PF2108, PF2114/S7500/V1739, PF2115, PF2173/Z1211, PF2175/S7478, PF2178, PF2182, PF2185/Z1214, PF2188
       E1b1b1a1   M78/PF2186
        E1b1b1a1a   CTS10890/PF2292/Z1902
         E1b1b1a1a1   V12/Z1216, CTS154, CTS2163, CTS2402, CTS2851, CTS2967, CTS3073/V2524/Z1219, CTS3578/V2780/Z1220, CTS4185, CTS5254.1/Z1223.1, CTS5412/Z1224, CTS5646, CTS5669, CTS5752, CTS6211, CTS7017, CTS7136, CTS9007/V3331, CTS9249/V3490/Z1225, CTS12019, CTS12269
          E1b1b1a1a1a   M224
          E1b1b1a1a1b   V32, CTS1257/Z810, CTS3301/Z815, CTS7146/Z820, CTS10654/Z823, Z811, Z812, Z814, Z817, Z818, Z819, Z821, Z824
           E1b1b1a1a1b1   CTS1210/Z809, Z808
          E1b1b1a1a1c   CTS693
         E1b1b1a1a2   PF2272/V65, CTS5168/PF2264, CTS6672/Z1235, CTS8686/Z1238, CTS9060/Z1239, CTS9879/V3794/Z1240, CTS10414/V4127, CTS11387/PF2295, CTS11582/Z1243, L66, L67/PF2267, PF2159, PF2254, PF2255, PF2258/V2296, PF2259, PF2262, PF2263, PF2274, PF2276, PF2286, PF2293
          E1b1b1a1a2a   PF2187, PF2265, PF2284, PF2287, PF2288, PF2294
        E1b1b1a1b   CTS4231/PF2137/Z1919, CTS4235/PF2228/Z1920
         E1b1b1a1b1   L618, CTS1773, CTS1975/PF2126, CTS3287/PF2225, CTS5291/PF2230/Z1052, CTS5527/PF2232, CTS7273/PF2239, CTS10912/PF2249, CTS11953/Z1061, PF2121, PF2215/V1764, PF2219/Z1047, PF2246
          E1b1b1a1b1a   L142.1, L542/PF2220, Page102, PF2211/V13, PF2210/V36
          E1b1b1a1b1a~ A160/Z16242
           E1b1b1a1b1a1   L17
           E1b1b1a1b1a2   DYS643-null/L143
          E1b1b1a1b1a3~ M35.2
           E1b1b1a1b1a4   L241^^
           E1b1b1a1b1a5   L250/ZS11104b, L251, L252
           E1b1b1a1b1a6   L540
           E1b1b1a1b1a6~ L1019
         E1b1b1a1b2   CTS9547/L677, AM00884/CTS2548, AM00885/CTS2817, AM00891/CTS5479, AM00894/CTS6434, AM00899/CTS8892, V22
          E1b1b1a1b2a   M148
          E1b1b1a1b2b   L674
        E1b1b1a1c   M521
      E1b1b1b   CTS1243/Z827
       E1b1b1b1   M310.1/PF2402.1, CTS1303/M5066/PF2314, CTS1483/PF2318, CTS2885/M5140/PF2346, CTS3305/M5145/PF2347, CTS5558/Z1183, CTS5604/M5186/PF2362, CTS6444/M5205/PF2365, CTS6754/M5209/PF2368/Z1187, CTS6911/M5220/PF2372, CTS6956/M5222, CTS7795/M5236/PF2378, CTS7796/Z1193, CTS8649/M5256/PF2381, CTS11687/PF2405, L335/PF2300, M5050/PF2410, M5042/PF2395, M5096/PF2322/V1976/Z1166, M5227/PF2375, M5272/PF2387/V3883, M5298/PF2394, M5310/PF2396, M5317/PF2398, M5366/PF2413,  PF2319/Z1162, PF2321/Z1164, PF2322/Z1166, PF2355, PF2382/Z1196, PF2383/Z1197
        E1b1b1b1a   M81/PF2554
         E1b1b1b1a1   M183/Page33, CTS87/M5054/PF2472/V1030, CTS1294/M5019/PF2483/Z1161, CTS1819/M5121/PF2504/Z1172, CTS3350/M5146/PF2510, CTS3415/M5147/PF2348, CTS3870/PF2513/Z1177, CTS4236/M5167/PF2514/V2987/Z1179, CTS5819/M5191/PF2520/Z1184, CTS5883/M5193/PF2363, CTS7132/M5225/PF2531, CTS8527/M5252/PF2538/Z1195, CTS10196/M5275/PF2544/V4016, CTS10321/M5040/PF2570/V4081, CTS11147/M5329/PF2560, M5008/PF2498, M5075/PF2485/V1272, M5080/PF2486, M5093/PF2489/V1898/Z1165, M5095/PF2490/V1937, M5097/PF2491, M5099/PF2493/V2208, M5106/PF2497, M5110/PF2500, M5114/PF2501, M5172/PF2515, M5281/PF2545/V4166, M5284/PF2546, M5286/PF2547, M5291/PF2548, M5307/PF2551, M5308/PF2552, M5311/PF2553, PF2477/Z1156, PF2506, PF2549
          E1b1b1b1a1a   M165
       E1b1b1b2   PF1961/Z830, CTS689/Z829, CTS3457/PF1973, CTS5487/PF1979/Z832, CTS5489/Z833, CTS6504/PF1983/Z834, CTS6729/Z835, CTS8182, CTS8790/PF1989, CTS10298/V4065, CTS10531/PF1995/V4211/Z837, CTS11781/PF2006, PF1965/Z1076, PF1997, PF2009, Z836
        E1b1b1b2a   M123/PF2023, CTS677/PF2015, CTS1229, CTS1652/Z1152, CTS6404, CTS9588/V3649, CTS10656, CTS11004, L857/PF2017/V2469/Z1147, PF2021/Z1154
         E1b1b1b2a1~ CTS1264/Z843, CTS10814/Z859, CTS10815/Z860, CTS10896/Z861, CTS12700/Z863, L787/V1750, L797/PF2016/Z1146, M34/PF2022, PF1999/Z1155, PF2018/V2474/Z1148, PF2020/Z1153, Z841, Z845, Z846, Z847, Z855, Z856, Z857, Z858, Z862
          E1b1b1b2a1a  M84^^, CTS1096, CTS4483/L795, L29/Page47, PF6750
          E1b1b1b2a1a~ L788, L853, CTS11205/L854/PF1881, CTS877/L789/PF1512
           E1b1b1b2a1a1  M136
           E1b1b1b2a1a2~ L1363
          E1b1b1b2a1b   M290
          E1b1b1b2a1c~ V23
          E1b1b1b2a1d   L791, L792, CTS2074, CTS5314, CTS6147, CTS6837/Z851, CTS302/Z838, CTS8037/Z852, CTS8723/Z853
        E1b1b1b2b   M293, CTS1177, CTS2297, CTS10059/V3935, CTS10880, CTS10942, CTS11025, CTS11051, CTS11574/Z1283, Z864, Z865
         E1b1b1b2b1   P72
        E1b1b1b2c   V42
        E1b1b1b2c~ L904
      E1b1b1c  V6
      E1b1b1d  V92
     E1b1b2  M281, V16
   E1b2   P75
E2   M75, CTS20, CTS72/V1006, CTS249/V1124, CTS309/V1152, CTS341, CTS471, CTS472/Z996, CTS714, CTS844/Z975, CTS1173, CTS1385/Z997, CTS1986, CTS2059, CTS2113, CTS2838, CTS2954, CTS3074, CTS3373//V2651/Z1009, CTS3464/V2706/Z1010, CTS3558, CTS3643, CTS3845, CTS4007, CTS4076/Z1011, CTS4298/V3029, CTS4418, CTS4751/Z1012, CTS4847/V3185, CTS5025, CTS5148, CTS5436/Z1015, CTS5989, CTS6419, CTS6565, CTS6731, CTS6971, CTS7088, CTS7458, CTS7888, CTS8331, CTS8550, CTS8752, CTS8958, CTS8990/Z1020, CTS9276, CTS9424/V3573, CTS9480/V3614, CTS9536, CTS9553/V3638, CTS9579, CTS9637, CTS9818, CTS10020, CTS10216, CTS10361/V4105/Z1024, CTS10370, CTS10460, CTS10565, CTS10606, CTS10614, CTS10837, CTS11304/M10999, CTS11397, CTS11446, CTS11447/Z1034, CTS11478, CTS11653, CTS11960, CTS12049, CTS12242, CTS12588, CTS12905, SK960/V2123/Z15727, V1331/Z15718, V1409/Z999, V1778/Z15725, V2370/Z15729, Y10590/Z15720, Y10592/Z15715, Y10594/Z15719, Y10596/Z15722, Y10597/Z15723, Y10598/Z15726, Y10599/Z15728, Y10600/Z15730, Y10601/Z15731, Y10602/Z15732, Y10603/Z15733, Y10607/Z15747, Y10608/Z15748, Y10609/Z15750, Y10610/Z15752, Y10611/Z15753, Y10612/Z15755, Y10613/Z15756, Y10614/Z15758, Y10615/Z15759, Y10616/Z15760, Y10618/Z15764, Y10619/Z15766, Z1003, Z1005, Z1027, Z1028, Z15716,  Z15721, Z15724,  Z15734, Z15735, Z15739, Z15740, Z15744, Z15751, Z15754, Z15767
  E2a  M41/P210
  E2b  M98, CTS16, CTS98/V1033, CTS132/V1057, CTS375, CTS515, CTS1191, CTS1248, CTS1859, CTS1955, CTS2145, CTS2239, CTS2300/Z1007, CTS2564, CTS2614, CTS2696, CTS2984, CTS3092/V2543, CTS3291/Z1008, CTS3329/V2630, CTS3445, CTS3712, CTS3713, CTS3721, CTS3782, CTS3905, CTS4310, CTS4406, CTS4489, CTS4535, CTS4687, CTS4912/V3218/Z1013, CTS5333/Z1014, CTS5444, CTS5451, CTS5477, CTS5920/Z1016, CTS5938, CTS6044, CTS6330, CTS6562, CTS6881, CTS6931, CTS6951, CTS7139, CTS7209, CTS7215, CTS7360, CTS7487, CTS7550, CTS7684, CTS7742, CTS7804, CTS7864, CTS8040, CTS8138, CTS8850, CTS8923/Z1019, CTS9016/V3339/Z1021, CTS9041, CTS9271, CTS9295, CTS9348/V3551, CTS9445/V3584, CTS9452/V3586, CTS9455, CTS9457, CTS9542, CTS9554/V3640, CTS9631/V3677/Z1022, CTS10142/V3982, CTS10204, CTS10246/V4029/Z1023, CTS10377, CTS10453, CTS10505, CTS10542, CTS10680, CTS10681, CTS10698/Z1029, CTS10968/Z1030, CTS11049/Z1031, CTS11086/Z1032, CTS11130, CTS11164/Z1033, CTS11207, CTS11226, CTS11254, CTS11318, CTS11472/Z1035, CTS11524/Z1036, CTS11817/Z1037, CTS11867, CTS11944, CTS12035, CTS12818, CTS12892, CTS13031, M234, SK973/Z15842, SK974/V1307/Z15797, V1173/Z15793, V1217/Z15795, V1604/Z15801, V1830/Z15803, V2312/Z1002, Z998, Z1000, Z1018, Z1025, Z1026, Z1038, Z1040, Z15796.1/Z17076.1, Z15798, Z15799, Z15800, Z15802, V1868/Z15804, Z15805, Z15806, Z15807, Z15811, Z15812, Z15813, Z15814, Z15816, Z15819, Z15827, Z15829, Z15830, Z15832, Z15843, Z15844, Z15845, Z15846, Z15847, Z15848, Z15849, Z15850, Z15851, Z15853, Z15855, Z15856, Z15857, Z15858, Z15859, Z15860, Z15861, Z15862, Z15863, Z15864, Z15883, Z15884, Z15885, Z15887, Z15888, Z15890, Z15891, Z15892, Z15894, Z15895, Z15896, Z15897
   E2b1  M54, M90
    E2b1a  M85
     E2b1a1  M200, CTS155/Z971, CTS462, CTS694, CTS845, CTS893, CTS1480, CTS1611/Z980, CTS1618, CTS2768/Z981, CTS3109, CTS3136, CTS3470, CTS3583, CTS4171, CTS4257, CTS4992, CTS5832, CTS5991/Z984, CTS6510/Z1017, CTS7210, CTS8392, CTS8409, CTS8578, CTS8885
      E2b1a1a  P45
      E2b1a1b  P258
   E2b2   CTS1441, CTS1779, CTS3562, CTS4066, CTS5349, CTS5602, CTS5769, CTS6168, CTS6457, CTS6826, CTS9613, CTS10529, CTS11436, Z15904, Z15905, Z15906, Z15908, Z15910, Z15911, Z15912, Z15916, Z15917, Z15918, Z15919, Z15920, Z15921, Z15922, Z15923, Z15924, Z15925, Z15927


Y-DNA haplogroup E would appear to have arisen in northern hemisphere of Africa based on the concentration and variety of E subclades in that area today. E1b1 is by far the lineage of greatest geographical distribution. It has two major sub-lineages, E1b1a and E1b1b. E1b1a is a lineage that originated and expanded from West or Central Africa to Eastern Africa and Southern Africa. E1b1b probably evolved either in Northeast Africa or the Near East and then expanded to the west--both north and south of the Mediterranean Sea. E1b1b1 clusters are seen today in Western Europe, Southeast Europe, the Near East, Northeast Africa and Northwest Africa. E2 is possibly of Central African origin and is spread in low frequencies across the continent. The Cruciani articles (references and links below) are indispensable resources for understanding the structure of this complicated haplogroup, but note that the Cruciani haplogroup labels are now superseded because of the recently discovered new SNPS that lie closer to the root of the E branch of the Y-haplogroup Tree.


Adams et al, The Genetic Legacy of Religious Diversity and Intolerance: Paternal Lineages of Christians, Jews, and Muslims in the Iberian Peninsula, American Journal of Human Genetics, 83(6): 725-36, 2008.
Alonso et al, The Place of the Basques in the European Y-chromosome Diversity Landscape. (available by subscription) European Journal of Human Genetics, 13:1293-1302, 2005.
Battaglia et al, Y-chromosomal Evidence of the Cultural Diffusion of Agriculture in Southeast Europe European Journal of Human Genetics, 249. 2008.
Behar et al, Contrasting Patterns of Y Chromosome Variation in Ashkenazi Jewish and Host Non-Jewish European Populations. (pdf) Hum Genet 114:354-365, 2004.
Bortolini et al, Y-Chromosome Evidence for Differing Ancient Demographic Histories in the Americas. American Journal of Human Genetics, 73:524-539, (2003).
Bosch et al, Paternal and Maternal Lineages in the Balkans Show a Homogeneous Landscape over Linguistis Barriers except for the Isolated Aromuns. Annals of Human Genetics, 70:459-87, (2006).
Capelli et al, Population Structure in the Mediterranean Basin: A Y Chromosome Perspective. (pdf) Annals of Human Genetics, 2005.
Cadenas et al, Y-chromosome Diversity Characterizes the Gu of Oman. European Journal of Human Genetics, 16:374-386, 2008.
Cinnioglu et al, Excavating Y-chromosome Haplotype Strata in Anatolia. (pdf) Human Genetics. 114:127-148, 2004.
Cruciani et al, A Back Migration from Asia to Sub-Saharan Africa is Supported by High-Resolution Analysis of Human Y-Chromosome Haplotypes. American Journal of Human Genetics, 70:1197-1214, 2002.
Cruciani et al, Phylogeographic Analysis of Haplogroup E3b (E-M215) Y Chromosomes Reveals Multiple Migratory Events Within and Out of Africa. (pdf) American Journal of Human Genetics, 74:1014-1022, 2004.
Cruciani et al, Molecular Dissection of the Y Chromosome Haplogroup E-M78 (E3b1a): A Posteriori Evaluation of a Microsatellite-Networked-Based Approach Through Six New Biallelic Markers. (pdf) Human Mutation: Mutation in Brief #916, 2006.
Cruciani et al, Tracing Past Human Male Movements in Northern/Eastern Africa and Western Eurasia: New Clues from Y-Chromosomal Haplogroups E-M78 and J-M12. (pdf) Molecular Biology and Evolution 24(6):1300-1311, 2007.
Cruciani et al, Recurrent Mutation in SNPs within Y chromosome E3b (E-M215) Haplogroup: A Rebuttal. (abstract) American Journal of Human Biolology. Sep-Oct;20(5):614-6, 2008.
Deng et al, Evolution and Migration History of the Chinese Population Inferred from the Chinese Y-chromosome Evidence. (pdf) Journal of Human Genetics, 49:339-348, 2004.
El Sibai et al, Geographical Structure of the Y-Chromosomal Genetic Landscape of the Levant: A Coastal Inland Contrast, Annals of Human Genetics, 73:568-81, 2009. (abstract)
Firasat et al, Y-chromosomal Evidence for a Limited Greek Contribution to the Pathan Population of Pakistan, European Journal Human Genetics, 15:121+126, 2007.
Flores et al, Reduced Genetic Structure of the Iberian Peninsula Revealed by Y-chromosome Analysis: Implications for Population Demography. (pdf) European Journal of Human Genetics, 12:855-863, 2004.
Francalacci et al, Low-Pass DNA Sequencing of 1200 Sardinians Reconstructs European Y-Chromosome Phylogeny. Science: Vol. 341 no. 6145, pp. 565-569, DOI: 10.1126/science.1237947, 2 August 2013.
Gebremeskel et al, Y-chromosome E haplogroups: Their Distribution and Implication to the Origin of Afro-Asiatic Languages and Pastoralism. European Journal of Human Genetics; doi: 10.1038/ejhg.2014.41, 2014.
Gomes et al, Digging Deeper into East African Human Y Chromosone Lineages, Human Genetics, 127(5):603-13, 2010.
Henn et al, Y-chromosomal Evidence of a Pastoralist Migration through Tanzania to Southern Africa. PNAS, vol. 105 no. 31 10693-10698, 2008.
Karafet et al, New Binary Polymorphisms Reshape and Increase Resolution of the Human Y-Chromosomal Haplogroup Tree. Abstract. Genome Research, published online April 2, 2008. Supplementary Material.
King et al, The Coming of the Greeks to Provence and Corsica: Y-Chromosome Models of Archaic Greek Colonization of the Western Mediterranean, BMC Evolutionary Biology, 11: 69, 2011.
King et al, Differential Y-chromosome Anatolian Influences on the Greek and Cretan Neolithic. (abstract) Annals of Human Genetics. 72:205-214, 2008.
Magoon et al, Generation of High-resolution a priori Y-chromosome Phylogenies Using "Next-generation" Sequencing Data bioRxiv, doi: 10.1101/000802, December 13, 2013.
Nasidze et al, MtDNA and Y-chromosome Variation in Kurdish Groups. (abstract) Annals of Human Genetics, 69:401-412, 2005.
Regueiro et al, Iran: Tricontinental Nexus for Y-Chromosome Driven Migration. (abstract) Human Heredity, Vol. 61, No 3, 132-143, 2006.
Repping et al, High mutation rates have driven extensive structural polymorphism among human Y chromosomes. Nature Genetics 38, 463 - 467, 2006.
Rozen et al, Remarkably Little Variation in Proteins Encoded by the Y Chromosome's Single-Copy Genes, Implying Effective Purifying Selection. American Journal of Human Genetics. 2009 December 11; 85(6): 923-928.
Schuster et al, Complete Khoisan and Bantu Genomes from Southern Africa. (abstract) Nature 463, 943-947, 18 February 2010.
Semino et al, Ethiopians and Khoisan Share the Deepest Clades of the Human Y-Chromosome Phylogeny. (pdf) American Journal of Human Genetics, 70:265-268, 2002.
Semino et al, Origin, Diffusion, and Differentiation of Y-Chromosome Haplogroups E and J: Inferences on the Neolithization of Europe and Later Migratory Events in the Mediterranean Area. (pdf) American Journal of Human Genetics, 74:1023-1034, 2004.
Sengupta et al, Polarity and Temporality of High Resolution Y-chromosome Distributions in India Identify Both Indigenous and Exogenous Expansions and Reveal Minor Genetic Influence of Central Asian Pastoralists. (pdf) American Journal of Human Genetics, 78:202-221, 2006.
Shen et al, Reconstruction of Patrilineages and Matrilineages of Samaritans and other Israeli Populations from Y-Chromosome and Mitochondrial DNA Sequence Variation. (pdf) Human Mutation, 24:248-260, 2004.
Sims et al, Sub-Populations Within the Major European and African Derived Haplogroups R1b3 and E3a Are Differentiated by Previously Phylogenetically Undefined Y-SNPs. Human Mutation: Mutation in Brief #940, Online, 2007.
Trombetta et al, A New Topology of the Human Y Chromosome Haplogroup E1b1 (E-P2) Revealed through the Use of Newly Characterized Binary Polymorphisms. PLoS ONE 6(1), Online, 2011.
Valone et al, Y SNP Typing of African-American and Caucasian Samples Using Allele-Specific Hybridization and Primer Extension. (pdf) Journal of Forensic Science, 49:4, July 2004.
Zhao et al, Presence of Three Different Paternal Lineages among North Indians: A Study of 560 Y Chromosomes. (abstract) Annals of Human Biology, 36(1):46-59, 2009.

Additional Resources:

ISOGG Wiki - What you need to know about Genetic Genealogy.
E1a - (M33, M132) Project.
Haplogroup E1b1a (E1b1a1-M2), Roberta Estes.
The African DNA Project (E1b1a), Dr. Ana Oquendo Pabon.
Arabian E Y-DNA Project (E1b1).
E-M35 Project (formerly the E3b Project) (E1b1b1), Bill Harvey, Denis Savard, Victor Villarreal.
E-M35 Project - New SNP Tracker.
The E-M35 Phylogeny Project, Victor Villareal.
The E1a1-M96-->M44, L632, L634 Project , Doug Phelps.
Double Helix Forums, E-M35 community.

Corrections/Additions made since 1 January 2016:

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