The entire work is identified by the Version Number and date given on the Main Page. Directions for citing the document are given at the bottom of the Main Page.
Because of continuing research, the structure of the Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree changes and ISOGG does its best to keep the tree updated with the latest developments in the field. The viewer may observe other versions of the tree on the Web. Email Ray Banks if the differences need clarification or if you find any broken links on this page.
|LINKS: Main Page Y-DNA Tree Trunk SNP Index Papers/Presentations Cited Glossary Listing Criteria|
|FONT COLORS: Newly confirmed in 2017 within subclade Confirmed within subclade Investigational items|
^ Indicates a next-generation sequencing
entry which does not yet meet quality guidelines for minimum number of
^^ Indicates an entry which does not meet quality guidelines but may be helpful.
~ Indicates only an approximate location on the tree.
The criteria for a representative SNP printed in bold for a subclade is: traditional usage, testing one in multiple labs, and/or being found in the area of the chromosome used in recent research studies.
SNPs listed below in italics (colored black or red) are quality variants from next-generation sequencing reports consistently showing as representing that subgroup.
DID YOU NOTICE that the items in gray sometimes have a long name preceding their listing that is the same as just above? In this situation, evidence seems to indicate they also belong to the same subgroup, but some confirmatory evidence is not yet available.
Contact people for Haplogroup Q: Leonard Trujillo and Vladimir Gurianov
CTS3727/L808/M1105, CTS4717/M997, F826/M1064,
F1237.1/M1077.1/V2083.1, F1293/M1080/V2215, F1728/M1092,
FGC1751, FGC1754/Y1987, FGC1755, FGC6793, M1047,
M1074, M1154, M1163, M1166
Q1a F903/L472, CTS97/M1062/V1032, CTS511/M1065/Z796, CTS1845/M1087, CTS2006/M1088, CTS3122/M1100, CTS3717/M1104, CTS4793, CTS4849/M1111, CTS5301/M1117/Z804, CTS5804/M1122, CTS6354/M1126, CTS7611/M1134, CTS7686/M1136, CTS10772/M1170, CTS11133/M1173, F1304/M1081, F1426/M1083, F2360/M1128, F2656/M1140, F2676/L528, F2790/M1142/V3324, F2840/M1144/V3486, M1155, M1158, M1165, M1168, M1169, Z806
Q1a1 F1096, F844, F1215, F1251, F1979/Y3885/Z19221, F2371, F2786, F3243, F3489/SK1914/Y9312, F5087/Y9314/Z19223, Y604, Y627, Y663, Y664, Y692, Y706, Y3888/Z19222, F4740/Y9313/Z19219
Q1a1a F746/NWT01, F790, F818, F896, F1197/Z19151, F1202, F1261, F1298, F1303, F1505, F1748, F1755, F1762, F2054, F2084/Y638, F2203, F2713/Z19188, F2743, F2753, F2798/PF4259, F2916/SK1921, F3366/Z19207, F3419, F3658/Z19214, F4164, F4535/Z19137, F4742/Z19148, F4758/Z19149, F4853/Z19157, F4902/Z19164, F4972/Z19168, F4974/Z19169, F5013/SK1918, F5039/Z19176, F5048/Z19179, F5067/Z19182, F5114/Z19186, F5175/Z19190, F5218/Z19195, F5246/Z19186, F5252/Z19197, F5352.2/Z27417.2, F5373/Z19209, F5425/Z19212, M7361, Y571, Y574, Y577, Y614, Y619, Y620, Y629, Y632, Y633, Y634, Y641, Y642, Y643, Y644, Y646, Y653, Y667, Y676, Y696, Y699, Y700, Y702, Y704, Z19146, Z19171, Z19172, Z19181,
Q1a1a1 M120, A13101.2/Y683.2, F745, F750, F924/Z19145, F1111, F1340, F1718, F1830, F1843, F1907, F1908, F1966, F2013, F2043/Z19174, F2045/Z19175, F2060, F2086, F2094, F2273/SK1919, F2864/SK1920, F2893/Z19189, F2998/Z19192, F3010/Y665, F3014, F3019, F3022, F3625, F4295, F4297, F4710/SK1917, F4734/Z19147, F4766/Z19150, F4791/Z19152, F4831/Z19154, F4843/Z19155, F4891/Z19161, F4892/Z19162, F4901/Z19163, F4977/Z19170, F5044/Z19178, F5050/Z19180, F5074/Z19183, F5080/Z19184, F5100/Z19185, F5129/Z19187, F5184/Z19191, F5197/Z19193, F5270/Z19198, F5272/Z19199, F5275/Z19200, F5350/Z19204, F5355/Z19206, F5369/Z19208, F5398/Z19210, L415.2/S435.2, M265/N14, Y572, Y575, Y610, Y611, Y613, Y631, Y637, Y645, Y647, Y656, Y659, Y668, Y677, Y691, Y693, Y695, Y697, Y698, Y701, Y703, Y705, Z19167, Z19177, Z19213,
Q1a1a1a F1626, F875, F2024, F2123, F4532/SK1916/Y525, F4933/Y548, F4933/Y548, F4935/Y544, F4935/Y544, F5274/Y552, Y527, Y532, Y534, Y535, Y538, Y540, Y549
Q1a1a1a1~ M7417, Z35917, Z35919, Z43853, Z43854
Q1a1a1a2 F4528/Z19217, F4759/Y551, F4777/Y541, F4837/Y526, F5429/Y531, Y521, Y529, Y542, Y556, Y557, Y558, Y559
Q1a1a1a2a~ Z190, Z43855, Z43856, Z43857, Z43858
Q1a1a1a2b~ Z43859, Z43860, Z43861, Z43862, Z43863
Q1a1a2 B143/YP1469, FGC13215.2/YP1487.2, FGC25513.2, PF2431.2, YP1470/Z36007, YP1471/Z36008, YP1472/Z36010, YP1473/Z36015, YP1478/Z36020, YP1481/Z36021, YP1490/Z36024, YP1500/Z36028, YP1501/Z36033, YP1502/Z36036, YP1632/Z36030, Z13148.2, Z36009, Z36011, Z36012, Z36013, Z36014, Z36016, Z36017, Z36018, Z36019, Z36022, Z36023, Z36025, Z36026, Z36027, Z36029, Z36031, Z36032, Z36034, Z36035, Z36037, Z36038
Q1a1a2a~ B284, Z36039, Z36041, Z43867
Q1a1a2b B280, Z36043
Q1a1a2b1~ Z36044, Z36045, Z34065
Q1a1a2b2 B281, Z36047, Z36048, Z36049, Z36050
Q1a1a2b2a~ B282, Z36051, Z36052
Q1a1b M25, M143
Q1a1b~ L714, L716
Q1a1b1~ BY101/F4544/Y3910, F4672/Y3871
Q1a1b1a L713, L715
Q1a1b1a1~ B277, Z35994, Z35995, Z35996, Z35997
Q1a1b1a2~ B278, Z35998, Z35999, Z36001
Q1a1b1a3~ B279, Z36002, 36003, Z36004
Q1a1b1b~ F4531/Z36062, Z36063, Z36064
Q1a2 M346, L56/S324, CTS686/M1066/Z797, CTS863/M1067, CTS950/M1068, CTS1206/M956, CTS1309/M1069, CTS1391/M1071, CTS2146/M1091, CTS2385/M1093, CTS2450/M1075, CTS2656/L892/M1098, CTS2869/M1099/Z800, CTS3227/M1101/V2572, CTS3248/M1102/V2582, CTS3812/M1106, CTS4715/M1110/Z802, CTS4995/M1113, CTS5077/M1114/Z803, CTS5742/L942/M1121, CTS5992/M1123, CTS7714/M1137, CTS8010/M1138, CTS8328/M1139, CTS8405, CTS9796/M1147, CTS10828/M1171, CTS11538/M1175, CTS11634, CTS12266, F1242/M1078, F1254/M1079/V2131, F2122/L942/M1118, F2458/M1132, CTS2656/L892/M1098, F3773/L474, FGC6791/Z19225, FGC8100/Z805, L57, M966/V1643, M1057, M1072, M1075/Y728, M1084/Y732, M1152/Y767, M1153, M1156/Y744, M1157, M1179/Y713, Y733, Y737, Y755
Q1a2a L53/S326, L55, L213/SA23, L331, L475, L476
Q1a2a1 L54, CTS2068/M1089, CTS2122/M1090/Z799, CTS3577/M1097, CTS2694, CTS4105/M1108, CTS4949/M1112, CTS5104/M1116, CTS5203, CTS5619/M1119, CTS5647/M1120, CTS6105/M1124, CTS6357/M1127, CTS6857/M1129, CTS6869/M1130, CTS7619/M1135, CTS9004/M1143, CTS9489^/M1146^, CTS10021/M1148, CTS10434/M1151, CTS11101/M1172, CTS11350/M1174, CTS11920/M1176, L213/SA23, M1037/Y745, M1073, M1086, M1161/Y768, M1162, M1167^, M1177/Y761, M1178/Y762, Y712, Y716, Y747, Y763
Q1a2a1a CTS11969/M930, CTS11970
Q1a2a1a1 M3, CTS856/M826, CTS4564/M861, CTS7143/M879/Z788, CTS7779/M881, CTS7799/M884, CTS8430, CTS8475/M886, CTS11663, CTS11970/M931, CTS12274, FGC8414, M836, Y773
Q1a2a1a1a CTS2610/M848, M902, M907/Y775
Q1a2a1a1a3~ M199, P106, P292
Q1a2a1a1a6a CTS11330/M924, CTS738^/M825^
Q1a2a1a1a6a1 CTS10359/Z774, CTS30, CTS398^, CTS985^, CTS1002, CTS1941, CTS2199/Z771,CTS2666^, CTS2737^, CTS3328, CTS4255/M859, CTS5079, CTS6940, CTS7148, CTS7901/Z772, CTS8567, CTS9220/Z773, CTS9559, CTS9582^, CTS10405^, CTS10625^, CTS10779, CTS11007, CYS11283^, CTS11601, Z769^, Z770, Z775, Z19543^, Z19546^
Q1a2a1a1a6a1~ CTS4795/Z776, L767, L888, L889, L890, L891, Z768
Q1a2a1a1a6a1a CTS479, CTS5173/PF770
Q1a2a1a1a6a1a1~ CTS920, CTS1061, CTS5052, CTS5507
Q1a2a1a1a6a1a2~ CTS755, CTS3379, CTS11997, Z43897, Z43898
Q1a2a1a1a6a1b~ CTS343. CTS1461, CTS2640, CTS3701, CTS4787
Q1a2a1a1a6a2~ CTS2515, CTS7291, CTS8265, CTS9550, CTS10853, CTS11027, CTS11064
Q1a2a1a1a6a3~ CTS4240/V2993, CTS4704, CTS7417, CTS10574, CTS10623
Q1a2a1a1a6b Z7796, L1425, Z5917, Y12421/Z19548, Y12422^/Z19568^, Y12423/Z19571, Y12424/Z19576, Y12425/Z19581, Y12426/Z19583, Y12427/Z19587, Y12428/Z19589, Y12430/Z19617, Y12431/Z19620, Y12432/Z19621, Y12433/Z19624, Y12434/Z19628, Y12436/Z19645, Y12440/Z19658, Y12441/Z19659, Y12442/Z19666, Y12443/Z19667, Y12876/Z19663, Y12877/Z19570, Y12878/Z19648, Y12881/Z19640, Y12882/Z19608, YFS40625.2/Z16183.2, Z19569, Z19572, Z19575, Z19577, Z19578, Z19579^, Z19580, Z19582, Z19584^, Z19585^, Z19595, Z19598, Z19599, Z19601, Z19603, Z19604, Z19605, Z19606^, Z19607, Z19609, Z19610, Z19612, Z19613, Z19614, Z19616, Z19618, Z19619, Z19622^, Z19623, Z19625^, Z19626^, Z19627, Z19629, Z19630, Z19631, Z19632, Z19633, Z19634, Z19636, Z19637^, Z19638, Z19639, Z19642, Z19643, Z19646, Z19647, Z19649, Z19650^, Z19651, Z19653, Z19660, Z19661, Z19662, Z19665, Z19668^, Z19669, Z23714,2
Q1a2a1a1a6b1~ Z43891, Z43892, Z43893, Z43894, Z43895
Q1a2a1a1a6b2~ Z35715, Z35716, Z36718, Z43896, Z43897
Q1a2a1a1a6c~ M720, SK1973, Y26551, Z5657
Q1a2a1a1a7 Z35840, Z35841
Q1a2a1a1a7a~ B47, Z35602, Z35603, Z35604, Z35605
Q1a2a1a1a7b~ Z35842, Z35843, Z35844, Z35845, Z35846
Q1a2a1a1a8~ PF1337.2, Z35901, Z35902, Z35903, Z35094
Q1a2a1a1a9 Z5906, Z8028
Q1a2a1a1a9a CTS4000, B35/Z19439, FGC8302^/Z19501^, P8.2, Z19456, Z19458, Z19460, Z19461, Z19462, Z19464, Z19465, Z19466, Z19467, Z19468^, Z19475, Z19476^, Z19478^, Z19479^, Z19480, Z19481^, Z19482, Z19483, Z19484, Z19485^, Z19486, Z19487, Z19488, Z19489, Z19491, Z19492^, Z19493, Z19494, Z19496^, Z19497, Z19498^, Z19499^, Z19500^, Z19502, Z19503, Z19504, Z19505^, Z19511, Z19512, Z19513^, Z19515, Z19517, Z19521^, Z35458. Z35460. Z35464
Q1a2a1a1a9a1 Z5907, Z19523, Z19524^, Z19526, Z19527, Z19528, Z19529, Z19530, Z19531, Z19533, Z19534
Q1a2a1a1a9a1a~ Z35449, Z35450, Z35451, Z35452
Q1a2a1a1a9a1b~ Z35453, Z35454, Z35455, Z35456, Z35457
Q1a2a1a1a9a1c~ B36, Z35470, Z35471, Z35472
Q1a2a1a1a9a1d1~ B39, CTS0890.2, Z35475, Z35476, Z35477
Q1a2a1a1a9a1d2 B38, Z35478, Z35479, Z35480, Z35481, Z35482, Z35483, Z35484, Z35485, Z35486
Q1a2a1a1a9a1d2a~ B40, Z35487, Z35488, Z35489
Q1a2a1a1a9a2~ Z35465, Z35466, Z35468, Z35469
Q1a2a1a1a9b~ Z35929, Z35931, Z35932
Q1a2a1a1a10 Z5908, B48/Z19294, Z19295, Z19298^, Z19300, Z19301, Z19302, Z19303^, Z19304^, Z19306^, Z19307, Z19308, Z19311, Z19312, Z19315, Z19316
Q1a2a1a1a10a Z19318, Z19319
Q1a2a1a1a10a1 Z5910, Z19320, Z19321
Q1a2a1a1a10a1a Z5911, Z19325, Z19326, Z19327, Z19328, Z19329, Z19330, Z19331, Z19333
Q1a2a1a1a10a1a1 Z5912, Z19337^, Z19338, Z19339, Z19340, Z19342, Z19343, Z19344, Z19345^, Z19346, Z19348, Z19350, Z35909
Q1a2a1a1a10a1a1a~ Z35896, Z35897, Z35898, Z35900
Q1a2a1a1a10a1a1b~ Z35906, Z35907, Z35908, Z35910
Q1a2a1a1a10a1a2~ Z35891, Z35892, Z35893, Z35894
Q1a2a1a1a10a1b Z35921, Z35922
Q1a2a1a1a10a1b1a~ B49, Z35611, Z35612, Z35613, Z35614
Q1a2a1a1a10a1b1b~ Z35923, Z35924, Z35925, Z35926, Z35927
Q1a2a1a1a10a2~ Z35911, Z35912, Z35914, Z35914
Q1a2a1a1a10b~ B50, Z35615, Z35616, Z35617, Z15618
Q1a2a1a1a10c~ Z35847, Z35848, Z35849, Z35850, Z35851
Q1a2a1a1a11 Y789/Z5913, Y779, Y782, Y785, Y786, Y787, Y788, Y792, Z19354, Z19355, Z19356^, Z19357, Z19362, Z19363, Z19364, Z19365, Z19366, Z19367, Z19368
Q1a2a1a1a11a Z5914, Y793, Y795, Y806, Y807^, Y808^, Y809, Y816^, Y817, Y819, Y820, Y821, Y822, Y823, Y825, Y826, Y827^, Y828, Y829, Y833, Y834, Y835, Y836, Y845, Y846, Y847^, Y849, Y851, Y855, Z19369^, Z19372, Z19373, Z19374, Z19375, Z19376^, Z19377, Z19378, Z19379, Z19381, Z19382, Z19383, Z19384^, Z19385, Z19388, Z19389, Z19390, Z19391, Z19392^, Z19393, Z19394, Z19395, Z19396, Z19397, Z19399, Z19400, Z19401, Z19402, Z19403, Z19405^, Z19406, Z19407, Z19408, Z19409, Z19410, Z19411, Z19412, Z19414, Z19415^, Z19418^,Z19419, Z19420, Z19421, Z19422, Z19423, Z19426, Z19427, Z35632
Q1a2a1a1a11a1 Y818, Y830, Y831, Y832^, Y856, Z35620^
Q1a2a1a1a11a1a~ Z35637, Z35638, Z35639
Q1a2a1a1a11a1b~ Z35624, Z35625, Z35626, Z35627
Q1a2a1a1a11a2~ Z35630, Z35631, Z35633
Q1a2a1a1a11b~ Z35752, Z35753, Z35754, Z35756
Q1a2a1a1a12a Z6658, Z5915, Z19429, Z19433
Q1a2a1a1a12a1 Z5916, Z19345, Z19346, Z19437
Q1a2a1a1a12a1a~ Z35764, Z35766, Z43888, Z43889, Z43890
Q1a2a1a1a12a1b~ Z35767, Z35768, Z35769, Z35770, Z35771
Q1a2a1a1a12a2~ Z35757, Z35758, Z35759, Z35760, Z35761
Q1a2a1a1a12b~ B46, Z35598, Z35599, Z35600, Z35601
Q1a2a1a1a13a~ Z35727, Z35728, Z35729, Z35730, Z35731
Q1a2a1a1a13b~ Z35732, Z35733, Z35734, Z35735, Z35736
Q1a2a1a1a14 CTS2731, CTS4795^/Z776^
Q1a2a1a1a14a~ CTS1657, CTS2894, CTS3899, CTS8270, CTS10274
Q1a2a1a1a14b~ CTS146, CTS3395, CYS4784, CYS5626, CTS10966
Q1a2a1a1a15~ CTS200, CTS267, CTS2383, CTS2529, CTS2621
Q1a2a1a1a16~ CTS133. CTS228, CTS4042, CTS7782, CTS9171
Q1a2a1a1a17 B43, PF1076.2, YP4141.2/Z35499.2, Z35491, Z35492, Z45493, Z35494. Z35495. Z35496, Z35497, Z35498, Z35500, Z35501, Z35503, Z35504, Z35505, Z35506, Z35507, Z35508, Z35511, Z35512, Z35513, Z35514, Z35515, Z35516, Z35517, Z35518, Z35519, Z35520, Z35521, Z35522, Z35523, Z35524, Z25525, Z35526, Z35527, Z35528, Z35529, Z35530, Z35531, Z35532, Z35533, Z35534, Z35535, Z35536, Z35538, Z35539, Z35540, Z35541, Z35542, Z35543, Z35544, Z35545, Z35536, Z35547, Z35548, Z35549, Z35550, Z35551, Z35552, Z35553, Z35554, Z35555, Z35556, Z35558, Z35559, Z35560, Z35561, Z35563, Z35564, Z35665, Z35566, Z35567, Z35568, Z35569, Z35570, Z35571, Z35572, Z35573, Z35574, Z35575, Z35576, Z35577, Z35578, Z35579, Z35580, Z35581, Z35582, Z35583, Z35584, Z35585, Z35586, Z35587, Z35589, Z35590
Q1a2a1a1a17a~ B44, Z35591, Z35594
Q1a2a1a1a17b~ B45, Z35595, Z35596
Q1a2a1a1a18~ Z35706, Z35707, Z35708, Z35710
Q1a2a1a1a19~ CTS44, CTS752, CTS993, CTS1444, CTS1709
Q1a2a1a1a20~ Z35737, Z35738, Z35739, Z35740, Z35741
Q1a2a1a1a21~ Z35742. Z35743. Z35744. Z35745
Q1a2a1a1a22~ Z35747, Z35748, Z35749, Z35750, Z35751
Q1a2a1a1b~ FGC8469/Y4276, FGC8456/Y4303, FGC8461/Y4308, FGC8472/Y6163
Q1a2a1a1b1~ B34, Z35702, Z35703, Z35704, Z35705
Q1a2a1a2 E324/L804, E354/L805
Q1a2a1b CTS1780/M981, M971/Z780, CTS2730/M988
Q1a2a1b2 L569, L570, L571
Q1a2a1b3 Z782, Z789
Q1a2a1b3a~ CTS746, CTS2236, CTS3347, CTS3399, CTS3407
Q1a2a1b3b~ CTS649, CTS746, CTS2809/L991, CTS11092, K216.2
Q1a2a1b4~ L456, Z43839, Z43840, Z43841, Z43842, Z43843
Q1a2a1c L330, L334
Q1a2a1c1 L329, L332, L333
Q1a2b~ F835/L940, F1161, F1872, F2125
Q1a2b1 L527, L529.1, L639
Q1a2b2 L938, F850/L941
Q1a2b2a~ L932, L935, L936, L937
Q1a2d FGC6802/Y2661, FGC6803/Y2662, FGC6804/Y4800, FGC6806, FGC6807/Y2659, FGC6808/Y2708, FGC6809/Y2709, FGC6811, FGC8094/Y2660, SK1932/Y6778, SK1936/Y6803, Y6775/Z19233, Y6777/Z19238, Y6779/Z19239, Y6780/Z19240, Y6781/Z19242, Y6782/Z19243, Y6783/Z19249, Y6785/Z19254, Y6784/Z19250, Y6786/Z19255, Y6787/Z19258, Y6821/Z19241, Y6831/Z19245, Y6837/Z19246, Z6405, Z19231, Z19235, Z19236, Z19244, Z19247, Z19248, Z19256
Q1a2d1~ L717, Z38335, Z38336, Z38337, Z38338
Q1a2d2~ Z36057, Z36058, Z36059, Z36061
Q1b L275, F108, F711/L612, F713, F753, F803, F815, F911, F1082, F1126, F1169, F1205, F1280, F1337, F1406, F1528, F1537, F1858, F1875, F1924, F1974, F2023, F2145, F2250, F2313, F2343, F2440, F2532, F2593, F2628, F2657, F2777, F2851, F2894, F2934, F3084, F3121, F3193, F3207, F3389, F3621, F3675, FGC1760/Y1986, FGC1761/Y1989, FGC1764/Y1988, FGC7652/Y1992, FGC7653/Y1991, FGC7659/Y1996, L314, L606, S13692/Y1060, Y1036, Y1038, Y1039, Y1040, Y1041, Y1042, Y1043, Y1044, Y1045/Z10235, Y1046, Y1047, Y1048, Y1049, Y1050, Y1051, Y1052, Y1053, Y1054, Y1055, Y1059, Y1061, Y1062, Y1063, Y1064, Y1067, Y1068, Y1071, Y1072, Y1073, Y1074, Y1075, Y1076, Y1077, Y1078, Y1079, Y1080, Y1081, Y1082, Y1083, Y1084, Y1085, Y1086, Y1087, Y1088, Y1089, Y1090, Y1091, Y1092, Y1093, Y1094, Y1095, Y1097, Y1098, Y1099, Y1100, Y1101, Y1102, Y1103, Y1106, Y1107, Y1108, Y1109, Y1110, Y1111, Y1112, Y1113, Y1114, Y1115, Y1116, Y1118, Y1119, Y1120, Y1121, Y1122, Y1123, Y1124, Y1125, Y1126, Y1127, Y1128, Y1129, Y1130, Y1133, Y1136, Y1137.2, Y1166, Y1194, Y1220, Y1240, Y1995, Y2239
Q1b1 L214/S289, M378/Page100, F1213, F1349, F1734, F1780, F1836, F1839, F2230, F2877, FGC1767/Y2079, FGC1768/Y2090, FGC1770/Y2012, FGC1790/Y2033, FGC1791/Y2034, FGC1792/Y2035, FGC1794/Y2037, FGC1795/Y2038, FGC1796/Y2039, FGC1797/Y2040, FGC1798/Y2041, FGC1799/Y2042, FGC1803/Y2044, FGC1804/Y2045, FGC1805/Y2046, FGC1807/Y2047, FGC1808/Y2049, FGC1809/Y2050, FGC1810/Y2051, FGC1812/Y2052, FGC1813/Y2053, FGC1814/Y2054, FGC1815/Y2055, FGC1825/Y2059, FGC1827/Y2060, FGC1830/Y2061, FGC1834/Y2063, FGC1835/Y2064, FGC1836/Y2065, FGC1838/Y2067, FGC1841/Y2068, FGC1842/Y2070, FGC1843/Y2071, FGC1844/Y2072, FGC1845/Y2073, FGC1850/Y2074, FGC1852/Y2075, FGC1854/Y2076, FGC1855/Y2080, FGC1856/Y2081, FGC1858/Y2082, FGC1861/Y2084, FGC1862/Y2085, FGC1863/Y2086, FGC1864/Y2087, FGC1865/Y2088, FGC1866/Y2089, FGC1869/Y2091, FGC1872/Y2092, FGC1874/Y2094, FGC1875/Y2095, FGC1877/Y2097, L215/Page82/S325, Y2048, Y2056
Q1b1a1 L245^^, FGC1800/Y2121, FGC1802/Y2122, FGC1806/Y2123, FGC1811/Y2124, FGC1816/Y2125, FGC1824/Y2128, FGC1826/Y2129, FGC1828/Y2130, FGC1829/Y2131, FGC1831/Y2217, FGC1832/Y2132, FGC1839/Y2133, FGC1840/Y2134, FGC1846/Y2136, FGC1847/Y2137, FGC1848/Y2138, FGC1849/Y2139, FGC1851/Y2140, FGC1853/Y2141, FGC1857/Y2142, FGC1859/Y2143, FGC1860/Y2204, FGC1868/Y2199, FGC1870/Y2145, FGC1871/Y2146, FGC1878/Y2147, FGC1883/Y2195
Q1b1a1a1a FGC1897/Y2225, FGC1899/Y2224, FGC1906/Y2219, FGC1909/Y2218, FGC1911/Y2215, FGC1912/Y2213, FGC1915/Y2211, FGC1916/Y2210, FGC1918/Y2208, FGC1919/Y2207, FGC1934/Y2196, Y2214
Q1b1a1a1a1 FGC1929/Y2200, FGC1903/Y2221, FGC1910/Y2216, FGC1914/Y2212, FGC1923/Y2203, FGC7663, Y2352
Q1b1a1a1a1a FGC1933/Y2197, FGC1932/Y2198
Q1b1a1a1a1a1 FGC4846/Y2750, FGC4836/Y2746, FGC4845/Y3028/YFS28379, FGC4853/Y3030/YFS28498, FGC4854/Y2751, Y3027/YFS28303
Q1b1a1a1a1a2 FGC1905/Y2780, FGC1920/Y2754, FGC1930/Y2781
Q1b1a1a1a1a3 YP1004,YP1005, YP1006, YP1007
Q1b1a1a1a1a3a YP3924, YP3925, YP3926, YP4113, YP4114
Q1b1a1a1a1b1a YP1010, YP1008, YP1011
Q1b1a1a1a1b1a1 YP1009, Y8394
Q1b1a1a1a1b1b FGC23581/YP1035, YP1036
Q1b1a1a1b YP740, YP730, YP731, YP732, YP733, YP734, YP735, YP736, YP737, YP738, YP739, YP741, YP742, YP744
Q1b1a1a2 YP745, YP746, YP747
Q1b1a1a2a1 YP1096, YP4119
Q1b1a1a2a1a YP1236, YP1237, YP1238, YP1239, YP1240, YP1241, YP1242, YP1243, YP1244, YP1245, YP1246, YP1247, YP1248, YP1249, YP1250, YP1251, YP1252, YP4117, YP4118
Q1b1a1a2b YP1226 FGC34074/YP1227, Y11198, Y11199, YP1228, YP1229, YP1230, YP1231, YP1232, YP1233, YP1234, YP1255
Q1b1b FGC4607/Y2247, FGC4626/Y2244, FGC4631/Y2255, FGC4635/Y2256, FGC4646/Y2263, FGC4656/Y2264, FGC4657/Y2265, FGC4659/Y2266, FGC4675/Y2269, FGC4676/Y2270, Y2245.1, Y2257, Y2258, Y2259, Y2260, Y2261, Y2262/Z16488
Q1b1b1 FGC4888/Y2990, FGC4868/Y2997/YFS26431, FGC4872/Y2986/YFS26356, FGC4884/Y2988/YFS26445, FGC4891/Y2776/Y2991/YFS25608, FGC4893/Y2992/YFS26514, FGC4897/Y2994/YFS26586, FGC4904/Y2995/YFS26598, FGC4909/Y2996/YFS26618, FGC7967/Y2989, YP1106
Q1b1b2 Y5185, Y5186
Q1b2 Y1143, Y1170, Y1171, Y1172, Y1173, Y1174, Y1176, Y1177, Y1178, Y1179, Y1181, Y1182, Y1183, Y1184, Y1185, Y1186, Y1189, Y1190, Y1192, Y1196, Y1203, Y1204, Y1205, Y1206, Y1207, Y1208.1/Z39393.1, Y1209, Y1210, Y1211, Y1212, Y1214, Y1215, Y1216, Y1217, Y1218, Y1219, Y1221, Y1222, Y1223, Y1224, Y1227, Y1229, Y1230, Y1231, Y1232, Y1233, Y1234, Y1235, Y1236, Y1237, Y1238, Y1239, Y1241, Y1242, Y1243, Y1244, Y1245, Y1246, Y1247, Y1248, Y1250, Y1251, Y1252, Y1253, Y1255, Y1258, Y1259, Y1260, Y1261, Y1262, Y1263, Y1264, Y1265, Y1268, Y1269, YP748, YP750/Z19128, YP751/Z19131, YP752/Z19132
Q1b2a1 YP755, YP756, YP757, YP759, YP3940
Q1b2a1a YP754, YP3941
Q1b2a1a1 Y15680/Z36068, YP3943, YP3944/Z36069, YP3945, YP3946, YP3948, YP3949.1
These investigative SNPs that were on the tree above will appear soon under a more correct subgroup:
CTS4695/M996/Z787, CTS7143/M879/Z788, CTS7174/M1014/Z789, CTS9614/Z790, CTS10848/Z794, CTS11295/M1054/Z795, L565, L568, M961/Z777, M1039/Z791, M1049/Z793, Z778, Z781, Z786, Z792, L718, L798
Y-DNA haplogroup Q arose in Central Asia and migrated through the Altai/Baikal region of northern Eurasia into the Americas. Today it is found in North Eurasia, with some exemplars in European populations. The Q-M3 sub-group is almost exclusively associated with Native American populations.
Geographic distribution so far of ancestry of modern-day haplogroup Q subgroup men (not complete):Q1a
Behar et al,
Structure of the Jewish People.
Nature, 446:238-42, 2010.
Bortolini et al, Y-Chromosome Evidence for Differing Ancient Demographic Histories in the Americas. American Journal of Human Genetics, 73:524-539, 2003.
Cinnioglu et al, Excavating Y-chromosome Haplotype Strata in Anatolia. (pdf) Human Genetics. 114:127-148, 2004.
Deng et al, Evolution and Migration History of the Chinese Population Inferred from the Chinese Y-chromosome Evidence. (pdf) Journal of Human Genetics, 49:339-348, 2004.
Dulik et al, Mitochondrial DNA and Y Chromosome Variation Provides Evidence for a Recent Common Ancestry between Native Americans and Indigenous Altaians. (pdf) The American Journal of Human Genetics, doi: 10.1016/ajhg.2011.12.014, 2012(a).
Dulik et al, Y-chromosome Analysis Reveals Genetic Divergence and New Founding Native Lineages in Athapaskan- and Eskimoan-speaking Populations. (pdf) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 May 29;109(22):8471-6. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1118760109. Epub May 14, 2012(b).
Francalacci et al, Low-Pass DNA Sequencing of 1200 Sardinians Reconstructs European Y-Chromosome Phylogeny. Science: Vol. 341 no. 6145, pp. 565-569, DOI: 10.1126/science.1237947, 2 August 2013.
Geppert et al, Hierarchical Y-SNP Assay to Study the Hidden Diversity and Phylogenetic Relationship of Native Populations in South America, Forensic Science International: Genetics, 6 Oct 2010. [Epub ahead of print]
Gurianov et al, Phylogenetic Structure of Q-M378 Subclade Based on Full Y-Chromosome Sequencing, The Russian Journal of Genetic Genealogy, Rom 5, No 1.:84-102. 8 January 2014(a).
Gurianov et al, The Update of the Phylogenetic Structure of Q1b Haplogroup Based on Full Y-chromosome Sequencing, The Russian Journal of Genetic Genealogy, 6:1, 2014(b).
Jota et al, A New Subhaplogroup of Native American Y-Chromosomes from the Andes. Abstract. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2011 Dec;146(4):553-9. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.21519. Epub Sep 13, 2011.
Karafet et al, New Binary Polymorphisms Reshape and Increase Resolution of the Human Y-Chromosomal Haplogroup Tree. Abstract. Genome Research, published online April 2, 2008. Supplementary Material.
Karmin et al, A Recent Bottleneck of Y chromosome Diversity Coincides with a Global Change in Culture. Genome Research, doi: 10.1101/gr.186684.114, published online March 13, 2015.
Malhi et al, Distribution of Y Chromosomes among Native North Americans: A Study of Athapaskan Population History American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 137:412-24, 2008.
Regueiro et al, Iran: Tricontinental Nexus for Y-Chromosome Driven Migration. (abstract) Human Heredity, Vol. 61, No 3, 132-143, 2006.
Sengupta et al, Polarity and Temporality of High Resolution Y-chromosome Distributions in India Identify Both Indigenous and Exogenous Expansions and Reveal Minor Genetic Influence of Central Asian Pastoralists. (pdf) American Journal of Human Genetics, 78:202-221, 2006.
Shen et al, Reconstruction of Patrilineages and Matrilineages of Samaritans and other Israeli Populations from Y-Chromosome and Mitochondrial DNA Sequence Variation. (pdf) Human Mutation, 24:248-260, 2004.
Su et al, Y-chromosome Evidence for a Northward Migration of Modern Humans into Eastern Asia during the Last Ice Age. (pdf) American Journal of Human Genetics, 65:1718-1724, 1999.
Underhill et al, Detection of Numerous Y Chromosome Biallelic Polymorphisms by Denaturing High-performance Liquid Chromatography. (Abstract) Genome Research, 7(10):996-1005, 1997 Oct.
ISOGG Wiki - What you need to know about Genetic Genealogy.
Y-chromosome DNA Haplogroup Q, Rebekah Canada.
American Indian Q1a3a: the Q-M3 Haplogroup Project, Ana Oquendo Pabón.
American Indian DNA Project, Glinda Seabaugh.
Corrections/Additions made since 1 January 2017: