From ISOGG Wiki
A compilation of Ancient DNA haplotypes extracted from the ancient remains of groups and individuals.
- 1 Groups
- 2 Individuals
- 3 References
The following are the results of Ancient DNA testing on the remains of more than one individual. The testing is then associated with a group of people or a geographical location of a group of people.
Basques of Aldaieta
HVR1 mitochondrial DNA sequences from a 6th-7th century Basque burial site reveals a diverse genetic population indicating that the Basques may not have been an "isolated" population.
An extinct Native American tribe indigenous to Newfoundland and Labrador, mtDNA has been extracted from the dentine of Chief Nonosabasut, and wife, Demasduit. In 1819, Chief Nonosabasut and his small tribe of Beothuks, encountered a party of ten armed English settlers at Red Indian Lake. A conflict ensued in which the chief was killed and Demasduit was taken prisoner, but died soon thereafter from tuberculosis.
Also significant to note is that Nonosabasut's Y-chromosome DNA was SNP confirmed haplogroup Q.
The "Starchild" Skulls
The "Starchild" skulls debuted on the National Geographic Channel show "Is It Real" Ancient Astronauts. Is the "Starchild" skull categorized as SCS-1 really a deformed human skull or that of an alien-human hybrid? (More information) Mitochondrial DNA extracted from both skulls confirms (unrelated) Native American maternal ancestry. Interestingly, the SCS-1 mtDNA matches that of Demasduit.
|SA-1||A||223T, 290T, 319A|
Mitochondrial DNA analysis of two circa 24,000 year-old Cro-Magnons found in the Paglicci Cave demonstrates a drastic difference between Neandertals and modern mtDNA sequences. The conclusion rules out random mating between Neandertals and humans.
|Paglicci-25||HV||73A, 719G, 308A|
DNA analysis of the remains of nomadic peoples in Kazakhstan provides evidence of Western genetic influence in Asia between the 15th century BC and the 5th century AD.
Lichtenstein Cave Bronze-Age Family
Through anthropological DNA testing, the first prehistoric family tree has been established. From a group of forty human remains found in the Lichtenstein cave, near Dorste, Lower Saxony, Germany, viable Y-DNA and mtDNA was extracted from the remains.
Summary of Y Chromosomal DNA results of males tested
|Group(# of individuals)||Haplogroup||Closest FTDNA Kit#||3
mtDNA, Y-chromosome DNA and nuclear DNA was successfully extracted from a 2,000 Year-Old Mongolian cemetery in the Egyin Gol Valley containing 99 individuals.
The following are the results of Ancient DNA testing on the remains of one individual.
In 1903, skeletal remains were found in a cave in Cheddar, England. The remains of a 23 year-old man, who was killed by a blow to the face, were discovered to be at least 9,000 years old. Ninety-four years after the discovery of "Cheddar Man", scientists were able to extract mitochondrial DNA from his tooth cavity.
|Cheddar Man||U5a||16192T, 16270T|
Bryan Sykes, and his team at Oxford University distributed DNA test kits to local Cheddar schools, and a match was found to a local schoolteacher, Adrian Targett.
Ice Maiden - "Juanita" of Peru
Also known as "Juanita", the Inca Ice Maiden was discovered on Mount Ampato, near Arequipa, Peru by Johann Reinhard in 1995. She was sacrificed sometime around the ages of 12-14 and lived about 500 years ago. Her body lay frozen at the mountaintop until a nearby volcanic eruption melted Mount Ampato's ice cap.
|Ice Maiden||A||16111T, 16223T, 16290T, 16319A|
Ice Man - Otzi of Italy
Widely known as "Otzi (Oetzi)" the Iceman found in 1991 in the Italian Alps, is also known as "Similaun Man". Of the Neolithic era, Otzi lived between 3350-3300 B.C. in the "Copper Age". He was believed to be 46-years old when he died at the top of a mountain pass from wounds received. (More information)
|Otzi (Oetzi) - mtDNA||K||16224C, 16311C|
|Otzi (Oetzi) - Y DNA||G||G2a-L91|
Kwäday Dän Ts’ìnchi
In 1999, hikers came across human remains in a melting British Columbia glacier. Named Kwäday Dän Ts’ìnchi which means "long-ago person found", was a young man between the ages of 17-22, believed to have died around 550 years ago.
|Kwäday Dän Ts’ìnchi||A||16111T, 16189C, 16223T, 16290T, 16319A, 16362C|
Luke the Evangelist - aka St. Luke
A doctor, but better known as the biblical author of the "Gospel According to Luke", Luke the Evangelist was believed to have been born in Antioch, in the Roman province of Syria. Historical sources cite that he died at the age of 84 in Thebes (Greece) around the year 150 A.D. His body was interred first in Constantinople, and then later transferred to Padua, Italy. Geneticists have tested the remains believed to be those of Luke, and sampled Syrian and Greek populations for comparison. They've determined that the body attributed as Luke's, is likely of Syrian origin.
Medieval Mummy From Yangju
Medieval mummies have been found in Korea since 1968. Mitochondrial DNA and Y-chromosome DNA analysis was conducted on a 17th-century male child mummy discovered in 2001. (Source)
|Yangju Mummy||D4||16223T, 16362C, 73G, 263G, 309.1C, 315.1C, 489C|
Norwich Anglo-Saxon Skeleton
Is the Anglo-Saxon skeleton found at Norwich Castle indeed of Romani origin as stated in the media? Or does the young Anglo-Saxon just share a partial haplotype similar to a Romani? (View sequences)
|Anglo-Saxon||X||16189A, 16223T, 16271C, 16278T|
Shuká Kaa (which means "Man Before Us") really was before the native Alaskans currently living in the region near On Your Knees Cave where he was found. Testing of 234 Alaska Indians and 163 Aleuts did not yield a mitochondrial DNA match to 10,300 year-old Shuká Kaa.
Sven II Estridsen (The Last Viking King)
One of the world's oldest maternity cases has been solved utilizing mitochondrial DNA. Sven II Estridsen (c.1020-1074), the last Viking king of Denmark, and ancestor of all subsequent kings of Denmark is entombed in Roskilde Cathedral with other Danish royals. It was believed that Sven's mother, Estrid, was entombed in a pillar across the chancel. Lingering doubts about Estrid's identity have now been resolved through DNA testing proving that Estrid was not Sven's mother.
DNA extracted from skulls purported to be Zana, and her son, Khwit, were profiled on the National Geographic Channel show "Is It Real" Russian Bigfoot. (More Information) The question testing sought to answer was whether the supposed "Almas", were really Neanderthals who survived into modern times. Mitochondrial DNA analyzed from both skulls confirms a shared maternal line ancestor of human origins, with no Neanderthal mutations.
- Paglicci-25 might be pre-HV
- Google Map coordinates
- Lichtenstein Cave Data Analysis 2008-03-23 by D. Schweitzer, Ph.D.
- Suggested Haplogroup based on matches within FTDNA's public Projects
- More information on Cheddar Man