From ISOGG Wiki
Meiosis is the formation of egg and sperm cells. In sexually reproducing organisms, body cells are diploid, meaning they contain two sets of chromosomes (one set from each parent). To maintain this state, the egg and sperm that unite during fertilization must be haploid, meaning they each contain a single set of chromosomes. During meiosis, diploid cells undergo DNA replication, followed by two rounds of cell division, producing four haploid sex cells.
- Meiosis: how chromosomes are passed from parents to offspring by Nancy Custer
- O'Connor, C. (2008) Meiosis, genetic recombination, and sexual reproduction. Nature Education 1(1):174.
- Meosis and mitosis A free online course from the Open University
- Stages of meiosis An animation from Human Anataomy by McKinley O'Loughlin.
- Four videos on meiosis and mitosis from the Khan Academy
- Roeder GS (1997). Meiotic chromosomes: it takes two to tango. Genes and Development 11:2600-2621.
This article uses material in the public domain from the Talking Glossary of Genetic Terms and is reproduced courtesy of the National Human Genome Research Institute.