Y-DNA Haplogroup K and its Subclades - 2008
The entire work is identified by the Version Number and date given on the
Main Page. Directions for citing the document are given at
the bottom of the Main
Version History Last
revision date for this specific page: 23 December 2008
Because of continuing research, the structure of the Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree changes and ISOGG
does its best to keep the tree updated with the latest developments
in the field. The viewer may observe other versions of the tree on the Web. Email
Alice Fairhurst if the differences need
K M9, P128, P131, P132
K2 P60, P304, P308
K3 P79, P299, P307
K4 P261, P263
M11, M20, M22, M61, M185, M295
M214, P188, P192, P193, P194, P195
92R7, M45, M74/N12, P27.1/P207, P69, P226, P228, P230, P235, P237,
P239, P240, P243, P244, P281, P282, P283, P284, P295,
M230, P202, P204 (formerly K5)
M70, M184/USP9Y+3178, M193, M272 (formerly K2)
- The Karafet et al (2008) paper made a major change to Haplogroup K. The subgroups formerly
known as K1 and K7 was moved to M2 and M3, respectively, and K2 and K5 became Haplogroups T and S, respectively.
- The 50f2/C deletion in the AZFc region of the human Y chromosome has been observed in several
different haplogroups and is not a unique event polymorphism. It is notable, however, that it
has been detected at relatively high levels in subgroups of K in Melanesia - K* (21%), and K3 (14%).
- Identical SNPs that were discovered separately are listed in alphabetical order, not necessarily in
the order of discovery, and separated by "/". Examples: M74/N12, M184/USP9Y+3178.
Y-DNA haplogroup K is an old lineage established approximately 40,000
thousand years ago whose origins were probably in southwestern
Asia. At present this group contains two distinct
classes of subgroups: (1) major groups L to T
(refer to the main tree at Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree)
and (2) minor groups K* and K1 to K4 which do not have any of the SNPs defining
the major groups. These groups are found at low frequencies in various parts
of Africa, Eurasia, Australia and the South Pacific.
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Corrections/Additions made since 31 December 2007:
- Added Karafet et al (2008) on 4 May 2008.
- First paragraph of Haplogroup description revised 4 May 2008.
- SNPs to added to Haplogroup K on 4 May 2008: P128, P131, P132, P256, P261, P263.
- Fixed hyperlinks to S and T on 5 May 2008.
- Fixed misspelling of subgroups on 5 May 2008.
- Added P299, P304, P307, P308 on 22 December 2008.
- Removed P245 and S25 from P on 23 December 2008.
Contact Person for Haplogroup K: