Y-DNA Haplogroup S and its Subclades - 2008
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Version History Last
revision date for this specific page: 5 May 2008
Because of continuing research, the structure of the Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree changes and ISOGG
does its best to keep the tree updated with the latest developments
in the field. The viewer may observe other versions of the tree on the Web. Email
Alice Fairhurst if the differences need
S M230, P202,
P204 (formerly K5)
S1 M254 (formerly K5a)
S1d M226 (formerly K5a1)
- Haplogroup S was formerly called K5 and was first called S in the Karafet et al (2008) paper.
Y-DNA haplogroup S is a major haplogroup in the highlands of mainland Papua New Guinea where it is found at
frequencies of around 50% in some populations and is also present at lower frequencies in
adjacent islands of Indonesia and Melanesia.
Cox M P & Lahr M M,
Y-Chromosome Diversity Is Inversely Associated with Language Affiliation in Paired
Austronesian- and Papuan-Speaking Communities from Solomon Islands. (pdf)
American Journal of Human Biology, 18:35-50, 2006.
Karafet et al,
New Binary Polymorphisms Reshape and Increase Resolution of the Human Y-Chromosomal Haplogroup
Tree. Abstract. Genome Research, published online April 2, 2008.
Kayser et al,
Independent Histories of Human Y Chromosomes from Melanesia and Australia.
American Journal of Human Genetics, 68:173-190, 2001.
Kayser et al,
Melanesian and Asian Origins of Polynesians: mtDNA and Y-Chromosome Gradients across
the Pacific. MBE Advance Access published August 21, 2006.
Kayser et al.
Reduced Y-Chromosome, but Not Mitochondrial DNA, Diversity in Human Populations from West New
Guinea. American Journal of Human Genetics, 72:281-302, 2003.
Mona et al,
Patterns of Y-chromosome Diversity Intersect with the Trans-New Guinea Hypothesis.
Mol Biol Evol. 2007 Sep 10; [Epub ahead of print]
Scheinfeldt et al,
Unexpected NRY Chromosome Variation in Northern Island Melanesia. (Link and comments from
Dienekes' Anthropological Blog) Society for Molecular Biology, 2006.
Corrections/Additions made since 31 December 2007:
- Added Karafet et al (2008) on 4 May 2008.
- SNPs to added to Haplogroup S on 4 May 2008: P57, P61, P83, P202, P204.
- Corrected nomenclature for subclade S1a on 5 May 2008.
Contact Person for Haplogroup S: