Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2008
Version: 3.33 Date: 31 December 2008   Version History
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This Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree is for informational purposes only, and does not represent an endorsement by ISOGG.
|Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2008
|A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T
|Index to Y-DNA SNPs
|Composite List of Papers Cited Glossary of Genetic Terms
|Listing Criteria for SNP Inclusion into the ISOGG Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree
Link to Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2007
Link to Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2006
The first phylogenetic chart to unify nomenclature was
published in 2002 by the
Y Chromosome Consortium (YCC). The 2003 Y-DNA phylogenetic chart
appeared in Mark A. Jobling and Chris Tyler-Smith,
The Human Y Chromosome: An Evolutionary Marker Comes of Age Nature Reviews|Genetics, Figure 5.
In 2005 Family Tree DNA created the
2005 Y-Chromosome Phylogenetic Tree. An ISOGG group was formed in November 2005 to create a web-based document
using Richard Kenyon's style of an indented list which could be
updated to keep pace with the rapid developments in the field. The 2008 Karafet et al paper,
New Binary Polymorphisms Reshape and Increase Resolution of the Human Y-Chromosomal Haplogroup
brought major revisions to many branches of the tree.
Current ISOGG members who work with the tree are: Coordinator: Alice Fairhurst. Design team: Bill Bailey, Richard Kenyon, Sasson Margaliot, Doug McDonald. Content experts: Whit Athey, Katherine Hope Borges, Phil Goff, Gareth Henson, Charles Moore, Ana Oquendo Pabon, Bonnie Schrack, David F. Reynolds, Ann Turner, Victor Villarreal, Vincent Vizachero, David Wilson. Content experts liaison with experts from various DNA labs to determine what information is needed to amend the tree.
The Y Haplogroup classification of the male Y-chromosome is currently used to estimate the population group of the paternal line. The haplogroups are identified by the letters, A through T. Haplogroups are subdivided into one or more levels, called subclades, and thus forming a tree. The Y-chromosome haplogroup is determined by performing a sequence of SNP tests.
Each line lists a haplogroup or subclade in boldface, then one or more SNPs follow on the same line. For a sample to belong to a particular subclade, it must test positive for any one of the SNPs appearing on the line, providing positive results were obtained for its haplogroup and any intervening subclades.
SNPs development indicated by beginning letters:
IMS-JST = Institute of Medical Science-Japan Science and Technology Agency
L = Thomas Krahn, MSC (Dipl. Ing.) of Family Tree DNA's Genomics Research Center; snps named in honor of the late Leo Little
M = Peter Underhill, Ph.D. of Stanford University
N = The Laboratory of Bioinformatics, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing
P = Michael Hammer, Ph.D. of University of Arizona
PK = Biomedical and Genetic Engineering Laboratories, Islamabad, Pakistan
S = James F. Wilson, D.Phil. at Edinburgh University
U = Lynn M. Sims, University of Central Florida; Dennis Garvey, Ph.D. Gonzaga University; and Jack Ballantyne, Ph.D., University of Central Florida
V = Rosaria Scozzari and Fulvio Cruciani, Universit� "La Sapienza", Rome, Italy
Corrections/Additions made since 31 December 2007:
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Copyright 2007, 2008. International Society of Genetic Genealogy. All Rights Reserved.
Please cite this document as follows: International Society of Genetic Genealogy (2008). Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2008, Version: [Number given at top of Main Page], Date: [Date given at top of Main Page], http://www.isogg.org/tree/ [Date of access: Day, Month, Year].