Y-DNA Haplogroup K and its Subclades - 2011
The entire work is identified by the Version Number and date given on the
Main Page. Directions for citing the document are given at
the bottom of the Main
Version History Last
revision date for this specific page: 19 December 2011
Because of continuing research, the structure of the Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree changes and ISOGG
does its best to keep the tree updated with the latest developments
in the field. The viewer may observe other versions of the tree on the Web. Email
Alice Fairhurst if the differences need
clarification or if you find any broken links on this page.
K M9, P128, P131, P132
L L855, L863,
M11, M20, M61/Page43, M185
T L206, L445, L452, L455,
M184/Page34/USP9Y+3178, M193, M272, Page129
M526 (formerly MNOPS)
K2 P60, P304, P308
K3 P79, P299, P307
K4 P261, P263
NO M214/Page39, P188,
P192, P193, P194, P195
92R7_1, 92R7_2, L138, L268, M45, M74/N12, P27.1_1/P207, P27.1_2, P69, P226, P228,
P235, P237, P239, P240, P243, P244, P281, P282, P283, P284, P295/S8, Page83
S M230,P202, P204
- Identical SNPs that were discovered separately are listed in alphabetical order, not necessarily in
the order of discovery, and separated by "/". Examples: M74/N12, M184/USP9Y+3178.
- The Karafet et al (2008) paper made a major change to Haplogroup K. The subgroups formerly
known as K1 and K7 was moved to M2 and M3, respectively, and K2 and K5 became Haplogroups S and T, respectively.
- The 50f2/C deletion in the AZFc region of the human Y chromosome has been observed in several
different haplogroups and is not a unique event polymorphism. It is notable, however, that it
has been detected at relatively high levels in subgroups of K in Melanesia - K* (21%), and K3 (14%).
Y-DNA haplogroup K is an old lineage established approximately 40,000
thousand years ago whose origins were probably in southwestern
Asia. At present this group contains two distinct
classes of subgroups: (1) major groups L to T
(refer to the main tree at Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree)
and (2) minor groups K* and K1 to K4 which do not have any of the SNPs defining
the major groups. These groups are found at low frequencies in various parts
of Africa, Eurasia, Australia and the South Pacific.
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New Binary Polymorphisms Reshape and Increase Resolution of the Human Y-Chromosomal Haplogroup
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Independent Histories of Human Y Chromosomes from Melanesia and Australia.
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ISOGG Wiki - What you need to know about Genetic Genealogy.
Corrections/Additions made since 1 January 2011:
- Added L298, P326 plus rearranaged other Haplogroups in relation to K on 20 March 2011.
- Added L268 and K(xLT)* subclade on 21 March 2011.
- Added the links for L and T on 22 March 2011.
- Added Page93 on 23 March 2011.
- Added Page39, Page43 on 1 April 2011.
- Added Page129 on 3 April 2011.
- Added Biro et al (2009) on 31 May 2011.
- Removed M295 from Haplogroup L on 5 June 2011.
- Added extensions such as _1, _2, _3 to snps with multiple y-positions on 4 August 2011.
- Added L445 and L455 on 20 Oct 2011.
- Added L811 to LT and removed M22 from L on 19 November 2011.
- Added L855, L863 on 2 December 2011.
- Added L452 on 19 December 2011.
Contact Person for Haplogroup K: