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|CLADE/SUBCLADE SYMBOLS: Added Redefined|
|SNP SYMBOLS: Not on 2011 tree Confirmed within subclade Provisional Private Investigation|
S M230, P202, P204
• S* -
• S1 M254
• • S1* -
• • S1a P57
• • S1b P61
• • S1c P83
• • S1d M226
Y-DNA haplogroup S is a major haplogroup in the highlands of mainland Papua New Guinea where it is found at frequencies of around 50% in some populations and is also present at lower frequencies in adjacent islands of Indonesia and Melanesia.
References:Cox M P & Lahr M M, Y-Chromosome Diversity Is Inversely Associated with Language Affiliation in Paired Austronesian- and Papuan-Speaking Communities from Solomon Islands. (pdf) American Journal of Human Biology, 18:35-50, 2006.
ISOGG Wiki - What you need to know about Genetic Genealogy.
Corrections/Additions made since 1 January 2012:
Contact Person for Haplogroup S: Gareth Henson
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