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Because of continuing research, the structure of the Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree changes and ISOGG does its best to keep the tree updated with the latest developments in the field. The viewer may observe other versions of the tree on the Web. Email Ray Banks if the differences need clarification or if you find any broken links on this page.
|LINKS: Main Page Y-DNA Tree Trunk SNP Index Papers/Presentations Cited Glossary Listing Criteria|
|CLADE/SUBCLADE SYMBOLS: Added Redefined|
|SNP SYMBOLS: Not on 2014 tree Confirmed within subclade Provisional Private Investigation|
The criteria for a representative SNP printed in bold for a subclade is: traditional usage, testing one in multiple labs, and/or being found in the area of the chromosome used in recent research studies.
SNPs listed below in italics (colored black or red) are quality variants from next-generation sequencing reports consistently showing as representing that subgroup.
Paragroups, subclades ending with an asterisk (*) indicate that some individuals do not test positive for any snps downstream. Since this fact is commonly known, paragroups are being omitted to simplify the display of SNPs.
Contact People for Haplogroup J: J1 - Victar Mas or J2- Chris Rottensteiner or Bonnie Schrack or Tim Janzen
Links to Experimental Trees: J1-M267 (Mas), J2-M172 (Rottensteiner), Composite Y (Banks), YFull YTree J.
J M304/Page16/PF4609, 12f2.1,
CTS26/PF4489, CTS687/PF4503, CTS852/PF4504, CTS1033/PF4507, CTS1068/PF4508,
CTS1561/PF4534, CTS2042/PF4536, CTS2769/PF4538, CTS3543/PF4540/YSC0001268, CTS3732/PF4541, CTS3872/PF4542,
CTS4204/PF4545/YSC0001278, CTS4349/PF4547, CTS4356/PF4548, CTS4937/PF4549, CTS5280/PF4550, CTS5426/PF4552,
CTS5545/M3163/PF4554/YSC0001284, CTS5628/PF4555, CTS5678/PF4556, CTS5691/PF4557, CTS5934,
CTS6958/PF4561, CTS7028/PF4562, CTS7229/PF4563/YSC0001286, CTS7483/PF4565, CTS7565/M5960/PF4566, CTS7738/PF4568,
CTS7832/PF4569, CTS8078/PF4570, CTS8160/PF4571, CTS8938/PF4577, CTS8974/PF4578, CTS9533/PF4582, CTS9877/PF4583,
CTS10446/PF4586, CTS10858/PF4612, CTS11211/PF4614, CTS11291/PF4615, CTS11571/PF4617, CTS11750/PF4618/YSC0001250,
CTS11765/PF4620, CTS11787/PF4621/YSC0001251, CTS12047/YSC0001253, CTS12683/PF4623, CTS12887/PF4624, CTS12913/PF4625,
F1181/PF4518/S35, F1381/PF4520, F1632/YSC0001301, F1633,
F1634/PF4523/YSC0001302, F1744/S4968/YSC0001303, F1826, F1973/PF4546/YSC0001304, F2114/PF4551, F2116/PF4553/YSC0000785,
F2174/PF4558/YSC0001305, F2390/PF4560, F2502/PF4564, F2707/PF4573, F2746/YSC0001309, F2769/PF4576, F2817/PF4579,
F2839/PF4580, F2973/PF4585/YSC0001312, F3074/PF4587/YSC0001313, F3119/PF4588, F3138/PF4590, F3176/PF4592/YSC0001314,
F3347/PF4608/YSC0001315, F3358/PF4611/YSC0001316, F4072/PF4509/S34,
F4299/PF4589, F4300, FGC1599/S23720/Z7822, FGC1600/Z7805, FGC1601/Z7809, FGC1604/Z7814,
FGC1605/Z7807, FGC1606/Z7810, FGC1607/Z7803, FGC1609/Z7816, FGC2789/Z7808, FGC2791/Z7821, FGC3271/S13155/Z7815,
FGC7618/Z7811, L60/PF4537/S6, L134/PF4539,
L778/PF4616/YSC0000236, M10434/S10188, P209/PF4584,
PF4491, PF4492, PF4494, PF4495, PF4497, PF4498, PF4505/YSC0000064, PF4506/YSC0000066,
PF4511/YSC0001321, PF4513, PF4515, PF4519, PF4521, PF4524, PF4528, PF4529, PF4530, PF4532, PF4533, PF4535/YSC0000165,
PF4567/YSC0000197, PF4572, PF4575, PF4591, PF4593, PF4594, PF4595, PF4596/Z2442, PF4598, PF4602/YSC0001323,
PF4603, PF4605, PF4606, PF4607, PF4619/YSC0000239, PF4622, S19861/Z6326, S22619/Z7820, YSC0000228, Z7802, Z7817,
Z7818, Z7829, Z7830, Z16989
• J1 L255, L321/PF4646, M267/PF4782
• • J1a CTS5368/Z2215
• • • J1a1 M365.1
• • • J1a2 L136
• • • • J1a2a P56
• • • • J1a2b P58/Page8/PF4698
• • • • • J1a2b1 L92.1, L93
• • • • • J1a2b2 L147.1
• • • • • • J1a2b2a L222.2/S350.2
• • • • • • • J1a2b2a1 L65.2/S159.2
• • • • • J1a2b3 L817
• • • • • • J1a2b3a L818/S4972
• • • • • • • J1a2b3a1 L816
• • • J1a3 CTS15/Z1828
• • • • J1a3a Z1842
• J2 M172/Page28/PF4908, L228/PF4895/S321
• • J2a M410, L152, L212/PF4988, L559/PF4986
• • • J2a1 L26/Page55/PF5110/S57, F4326/L27/PF5111/S396
• • • • J2a1a M47, M322
• • • • J2a1b M67/PF5137/S51
• • • • • J2a1b1 M92, M260/Page14
• • • • • • J2a1b1a L556, L560
• • • • • J2a1b2 M166
• • • • • J2a1b3 L210, L218, L227
• • • • J2a1c M68
• • • • J2a1d M319
• • • • J2a1e M339
• • • • J2a1f M419
• • • • J2a1g P81/PF4275
• • • • J2a1h F4168/L24/S286, L207.1
• • • • • J2a1h1 M158.2
• • • • • J2a1h2 L25/PF5345/S399
• • • • • • J2a1h2a DYS445≤7
• • • • • • • J2a1h2a1 L70/PF5434/S287, L397/PF5446, L398/PF5449/S320
• • • • • • • • J2a1h2a1a M137
• • • • • • • • J2a1h2a1b M318
• • • • • • J2a1h2b L243
• • • • • • J2a1h2c L254
• • • • • • J2a1h2d L192.2
• • • • • • • J2a1h2d1 L271
• • • • J2a1i L88.2, L198
• • • J2a2 L581/PF5026/S398
• • • • J2a2a P279/PF5065
• • • • • J2a2a1 M340
• • J2b L282, M12, M102, M221, M314/PF4939
• • • J2b1 M205
• • • J2b2 M241
• • • • J2b2a L283
• • • • • J2b2a1 Z1296
• • • • • • J2b2a1a Z1297, Z1298
• • • • • • • J2b2a1a1 Z631, Z639
Private SNPs - After having been investigated, these SNPs have not met the population distribution criteria for placement on the tree. Either too few confirmed positive testers have been found OR multiple confirmed testers were confined to either a single surname or to a small group of related males.
SNPs under Investigation - Additional testing is needed to confirm adequate positive samples and/or correct placement on the tree.
Caveats for the information from Karafet et al (2008):
Y-DNA haplogroup J evolved in the ancient Near East and was carried into North Africa, Europe, Central Asia, Pakistan and India. J2 lineages originated in the area known as the Fertile Crescent. The main spread of J2 into the Mediterranean area is thought to have coincided with the expansion of agricultural peoples during the Neolithic period. The timing of the demographic events that brought J2 to Central Asia, Pakistan, and India is not yet known. J1 lineages may have a more southern origin, as they are more often found in the Levant region, other parts of the Near East, and North Africa, with a sparse distribution in the southern Mediterranean flank of Europe, and in Ethiopia.
There is a descending gradient in the frequency of occurrence of haplogroup J from the Middle East toward the northwest of Europe, reaching about 3% of the population on the northwest Atlantic coast. The occurrence of J in Europe is undoubtedly due both to the Neolithic expansion and to episodic migrations, though the relative proportion of those two sources is controversial and may not be the same in different locations.
A significant fraction of Jews belong to haplogroup J, but Jews represent a small minority of the European members of the haplogroup. The "Cohen Modal Haplotype" is a specific set of six Y-STR marker values that occurs in both J1 and J2, though at a much higher frequency in J1.
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Corrections/Additions made since 1 January 2015:
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