Y-DNA Haplogroup F and its Subclades - 2016

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Version History     Last revision date for this specific page: 14 June 2016

Because of continuing research, the structure of the Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree changes and ISOGG does its best to keep the tree updated with the latest developments in the field. The viewer may observe other versions of the tree on the Web. Email Ray Banks if the differences need clarification or if you find any broken links on this page.

LINKS:  Main Page   Y-DNA Tree Trunk    SNP Index    Papers/Presentations Cited    Glossary   Listing Criteria
FONT COLORS:  Newly confirmed in 2016 within subclade  Confirmed within subclade  Investigational items  

^ Indicates a next-generation sequencing entry which does not yet meet quality guidelines for minimum number of reads.
^^ Indicates an entry which does not meet quality guidelines but may be helpful.
~ Indicates only an approximate location on the tree.

The criteria for a representative SNP printed in bold for a subclade is: traditional usage, testing one in multiple labs, and/or being found in the area of the chromosome used in recent research studies.

SNPs listed below in italics (colored black or red) are quality variants from next-generation sequencing reports consistently showing as representing that subgroup.

Contact Person for Haplogroup F: Whit Athey

F   M89/PF2746, CTS3536/M3688/PF2666, CTS3654/M3689/PF2667, CTS3996/M3692/PF2671, CTS4443/M3696/PF2677, CTS6135/M3708/PF2693, CTS12632/M3771/PF2775, F719/IMS-JST00305/M3636/S8235, F1046/M3646/PF2610/YSC0001295, F1209/M3654/YSC0001297, F1320/M3657/PF2621, F1329/M3658/PF2622/YSC0001299, F1704/M3675/PF2651, F1714/M3677/PF2653, F1753/M3681/PF2658, F1767/M3683/PF2660, F2048/M3701/PF2683/V3268, F2075/PF2685, F2142/PF2688, F2155/M3704/PF2690, F2402/M3714/PF2700, F2587/M3719/PF2709/YSC0001308, F2688/M3722/PF2716, F2837/M3726/PF2722, F2985/M3736/PF2731, F2993/M3737/PF2732/V3940, F3111/M3740/PF2736, F3136/M3741/PF2737, F3335/M3754/PF2758, F3692/M3650, L132.1, L468/M3703/PF2689, L470/M3735/PF2730, L882/M3749/PF2745, M213/P137/Page38/PF2673, M235/Page80/PF2665, M3637/PF2589/V186, M3638/PF2590/V205, M3639/PF2591, M3647/PF2611, M3652/PF2615, M3750/PF2747, M3751/PF2748, M3752/PF2749, P14/PF2704, P134, P135/PF2741, P136/PF2762, P138/PF2655, P139, P140, P141/PF2602, P145/PF2617, P146/PF2623, P148/PF2734, P149, P151/PF2625, P157, P158/PF2706, P159/PF2717, P160/PF2618, P161, P163, P166/PF2702, P187/PF2632, P316/PF2696, PF2608, PF2669
F1 *  P91, P104
F2 *  M427, M428
F3 * M481
F4~ Z40733, Z40734, Z40735, Z40736, Z40737
GHIJK   F1329/M3658/PF2622/YSC0001299

* The listed F1 through F3 subgroups here are from rare samples that have never subjected to full Y next-generation sequencing to determine if they might instead share some of the newer mutations discovered downstream of F.  


Y-DNA haplogroup F is the parent of all Y-DNA haplogroups G through T and contains more than 90 percent of the world's population. Haplogroup F was in the original migration out of Africa, or else it was founded soon afterward, because F and its sub-haplogroups are primarily found outside, with very few inside, sub-Saharan Africa. The founder of F could have lived between 60,000 and 80,000 years ago, depending on the time of the out-of-Africa migration.

The major sub-groups of Haplogroup F are Haplogroups G, H, [IJ], and K, which are discussed elsewhere at this site. The minor sub-groups have not been well studied, but apparently occur only infrequently and primarily in southern parts of Asia.

Geographical distribution so far of haplogroup F subgroups (not complete):
F1 - P91
       Sri Lanka
F2 - M427
       China (Lahu, Yi), s.e. Asia
F3 - M481
       s.e. India
F4 - Z40733


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Additional Resources:
ISOGG Wiki - What you need to know about Genetic Genealogy.
The Haplogroup F Y-DNA Project, Garland Boyette.

Corrections/Additions made since 1 January 2016:

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