Y-DNA Haplogroup J and its Subclades - 2016

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Version History     Last revision date for this specific page: 30 April 2016

Because of continuing research, the structure of the Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree changes and ISOGG does its best to keep the tree updated with the latest developments in the field. The viewer may observe other versions of the tree on the Web. Email Ray Banks if the differences need clarification or if you find any broken links on this page.

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FONT COLORS:  Newly confirmed in 2016 within subclade  Confirmed within subclade  Investigational items

^ Indicates a next-generation sequencing entry which does not yet meet quality guidelines for minimum number of reads.
^^ Indicates an entry which does not meet quality guidelines but may be helpful.
~ Indicates only an approximate location on the tree.

The criteria for a representative SNP printed in bold for a subclade is: traditional usage, testing one in multiple labs, and/or being found in the area of the chromosome used in recent research studies.

SNPs listed below in italics (colored black or red) are quality variants from next-generation sequencing reports consistently showing as representing that subgroup.

Contact People for Haplogroup J: J1 - Victar Mas or J2- Chris Rottensteiner or Bonnie Schrack or Tim Janzen

Links to Experimental Trees:

J1-M267 (Mas), J2-M172 (Rottensteiner), Composite Y (Banks), YFull YTree J.

J   M304/Page16/PF4609, 12f2.1, CTS26/PF4489, CTS687/PF4503, CTS852/PF4504, CTS1033/PF4507, CTS1068/PF4508, CTS1250/PF4510/YSC0001255, CTS1561/PF4534, CTS2042/PF4536, CTS2769/PF4538, CTS3543/PF4540/YSC0001268, CTS3732/PF4541, CTS3872/PF4542, CTS3936/PF4543/YSC0001275, CTS4204/PF4545/YSC0001278, CTS4349/PF4547, CTS4356/PF4548, CTS4937/PF4549, CTS5280/PF4550, CTS5426/PF4552, CTS5545.1/M3163.1/PF4554.1/YSC0001284.1, CTS5628/PF4555, CTS5678/PF4556, CTS5691/PF4557, CTS5934, CTS6958/PF4561, CTS7028/PF4562, CTS7229/PF4563/YSC0001286, CTS7483/PF4565, CTS7565/M5960/PF4566, CTS7738/PF4568, CTS7832/PF4569, CTS8078/PF4570, CTS8160/PF4571, CTS8938/PF4577, CTS8974/PF4578, CTS9533/PF4582, CTS9877/PF4583, CTS10446/PF4586, CTS10858/PF4612, CTS11211/PF4614, CTS11291/PF4615, CTS11571/PF4617, CTS11750/PF4618/YSC0001250, CTS11765/PF4620, CTS11787/PF4621/YSC0001251, CTS12047/YSC0001253, CTS12683/PF4623, CTS12887/PF4624, CTS12913/PF4625, F1167/PF4516/YSC0001296, F1168/PF4517, F1181/PF4518/S35, F1381/PF4520, F1632/YSC0001301, F1633, F1634/PF4523/YSC0001302, F1744/S4968/YSC0001303, F1826, F1973/PF4546/YSC0001304, F2114/PF4551, F2116/PF4553/YSC0000785, F2174/PF4558/YSC0001305, F2390/PF4560, F2502/PF4564, F2707/PF4573, F2746/YSC0001309, F2769/PF4576, F2817/PF4579, F2839/PF4580, F2973/PF4585/YSC0001312, F3074/PF4587/YSC0001313, F3119/PF4588, F3138/PF4590, F3176/PF4592/YSC0001314, F3347/PF4608/YSC0001315, F3358/PF4611/YSC0001316, F4072/PF4509/S34, F4299/PF4589, F4300, FGC1599/S23720/Z7822, FGC1600/Z7805, FGC1601/Z7809, FGC1604/Z7814, FGC1605/Z7807, FGC1606/Z7810, FGC1607/Z7803, FGC1609/Z7816, FGC2789/Z7808, FGC2791/Z7821, FGC3271/S13155/Z7815, FGC7618/Z7811, L60/PF4537/S6, L134/PF4539, L778/PF4616/YSC0000236, M10434/S10188, P209/PF4584, PF4491, PF4492, PF4494, PF4495, PF4497, PF4498, PF4505/YSC0000064, PF4506/YSC0000066, PF4511/YSC0001321, PF4513, PF4515, PF4519, PF4521, PF4524, PF4528, PF4529, PF4530, PF4532, PF4533, PF4535/YSC0000165, PF4567/YSC0000197, PF4572, PF4575, PF4591, PF4593, PF4594, PF4595, PF4596/Z2442, PF4598, PF4602/YSC0001323, PF4603, PF4605, PF4606, PF4607, PF4619/YSC0000239, PF4622, S19861/Z6326, S22619/Z7820, YSC0000228, Z7802, Z7817, Z7818, Z7829, Z7830, Z16989
J1   L255, L321/PF4646, M267/PF4782
 J1~ A186.2/ZS2136.2, BY2/FGC15178
• • J1a   CTS5368/Z2215
• • • J1a1   M365.1^^
• • • J1a2   L136
• • • • J1a2a   P56
• • • • J1a2b   P58/Page8/PF4698
• • • •  J1a2b1   L92.1, L93.1
• • • •  J1a2b2   L147.1^^
• • • •  J1a2b2~ YSC0000081.1
• • • •  J1a2b2a   L222.2/S350.2
• • • •   J1a2b2a~ AD0000002/FGC1714, AD0000003/FGC1696, AD0000004/FGC1713, AD0000005/FGC7, AD0000006/FGC6, AD0000007/FGC5, AD0000008/FGC1, AD0000009/FGC2, AD0000010/FGC3, AD0000011/FGC4, BY145/Z18223, BY241, BY252/ZS3998, BY253/ZS4000, BY254/ZS3999, BY255/ZS4002, BY256/ZS4006, BY257/ZS4007, BY258/ZS4001, BY259, BY260/ZS4005, BY261/ZS4004, BY262/ZS4003, Page52.2
• • • •  • • J1a2b2a1   L65.2/S159.2
• • • •  J1a2b3   L817
• • • •  J1a2b3a   L818/S4972
• • • •  • • J1a2b3a1   L816
• • • J1a3   CTS15/Z1828
• • • • J1a3a   Z1842
J2   M172/Page28/PF4908, L228/PF4895/S321
• • J2a   M410, L152, L212/PF4988, L559/PF4986
• • • J2a1   L26/Page55/PF5110/S57, F4326/L27/PF5111/S396
• • • • J2a1a   M47, M322
• • • • J2a1b   M67/PF5137/S51
• • • •  J2a1b1   M92, M260/Page14
• • • •  J2a1b1a   L556, L560
• • • •  J2a1b2   M166
• • • •  J2a1b3   L210, L218, L227
• • • • J2a1c   M68
• • • • J2a1d   M319
• • • • J2a1e   M339
• • • • J2a1f   M419
• • • • J2a1g   P81/PF4275
• • • • J2a1h   F4168/L24/S286, L207.1
• • • • J2a1h~ BY238.2/FGC30648.2/Y14590.2
• • • •  J2a1h1   M158.2
• • • •  J2a1h2   L25/PF5345/S399
• • • •  J2a1h2a   DYS445≤7
• • • •  • • J2a1h2a1   L70/PF5434/S287, L397/PF5446, L398/PF5449/S320
• • • •  • • • J2a1h2a1a   M137
• • • •  • • • J2a1h2a1b   M318
• • • •  J2a1h2b   L243
• • • •  J2a1h2c   L254
• • • •  J2a1h2d   L192.2
• • • •  • • J2a1h2d1   L271
• • • • J2a1i   L88.2, L198
• • • J2a2   L581/PF5026/S398
• • • • J2a2a   P279/PF5065
• • • •  J2a2a1   M340
• • J2b   L282, M12, M102, M221, M314/PF4939
• • J2b~ FGC3945.1/Z526.1, L729.3/M2087.3/Z15.3/Z548.3
• • • J2b1   M205
• • • J2b2   M241
• • • • J2b2a   L283
• • • •  J2b2a1   Z1296
• • • •  J2b2a1a   Z1297, Z1298
• • • •  • • J2b2a1a1   Z631, Z639
• • • • J2b2b~ DYS455≤9

Caveats for the information from Karafet et al (2008):


Y-DNA haplogroup J evolved in the ancient Near East and was carried into North Africa, Europe, Central Asia, Pakistan and India. J2 lineages originated in the area known as the Fertile Crescent. The main spread of J2 into the Mediterranean area is thought to have coincided with the expansion of agricultural peoples during the Neolithic period. The timing of the demographic events that brought J2 to Central Asia, Pakistan, and India is not yet known. J1 lineages may have a more southern origin, as they are more often found in the Levant region, other parts of the Near East, and North Africa, with a sparse distribution in the southern Mediterranean flank of Europe, and in Ethiopia.

There is a descending gradient in the frequency of occurrence of haplogroup J from the Middle East toward the northwest of Europe, reaching about 3% of the population on the northwest Atlantic coast. The occurrence of J in Europe is undoubtedly due both to the Neolithic expansion and to episodic migrations, though the relative proportion of those two sources is controversial and may not be the same in different locations.

A significant fraction of Jews belong to haplogroup J, but Jews represent a small minority of the European members of the haplogroup. The "Cohen Modal Haplotype" is a specific set of six Y-STR marker values that occurs in both J1 and J2, though at a much higher frequency in J1.


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Corrections/Additions made since 1 January 2016:

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