Y-DNA Haplogroup P and its Subclades - 2016

The entire work is identified by the Version Number and date given on the Main Page. Directions for citing the document are given at the bottom of the Main Page.

Version History     Last revision date for this specific page: 19 December 2016

Because of continuing research, the structure of the Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree changes and ISOGG does its best to keep the tree updated with the latest developments in the field. The viewer may observe other versions of the tree on the Web. Email Ray Banks if the differences need clarification or if you find any broken links on this page.

LINKS:  Main Page   Y-DNA Tree Trunk    SNP Index    Papers/Presentations Cited    Glossary   Listing Criteria
FONT COLORS:  Newly confirmed in 2016 within subclade  Confirmed within subclade  Investigational items

^ Indicates a next-generation sequencing entry which does not yet meet quality guidelines for minimum number of reads.
^^ Indicates an entry which does not meet quality guidelines but may be helpful.
~ Indicates only an approximate location on the tree.

The criteria for a representative SNP printed in bold for a subclade is: traditional usage, testing one in multiple labs, and/or being found in the area of the chromosome used in recent research studies.

SNPs listed below in italics (colored black or red) are quality variants from next-generation sequencing reports consistently showing as representing that subgroup.

Contact Person for Haplogroup P: Ray Banks

P or K2b2   P295/PF5866/S8, F91/PF5862/V231
P~ or K2b2~ CTS196/PF5845, CTS216/M1184/PF5846, CTS655/M5586/PF5858, CTS1907/M1204/PF5894/YSC0001257, CTS3135/M1206/PF5898, CTS3358/M1210/PF5900, CTS3446/M1211/PF5902, CTS3697/M1212/PF5904, CTS3736/M1213/PF5905, CTS3775/M1214/PF5906, CTS3813/M1215/PF5491, CTS3861, CTS4944/M1218/PF5909, CTS5418/M1222/PF5912, CTS5673/M1225/PF5497/YSC0001285, CTS5808/M1226/PF5915, CTS5884/M1228/PF5917, CTS6948/M1231/PF5922, CTS7194/M1232/PF5923, CTS7244/M1233/PF5924, CTS7481/M1234/PF5926, CTS7604/M1235/PF5928, CTS7886/M1236/PF5929, CTS8356/M1237/PF5931, CTS8626/M1239/PF5934, CTS9162/L1185/M1241/PF5937, CTS9604/M1244/PF5942, CTS10081/M1249/PF5947, CTS10085/M1250/PF5948, CTS10168/M1149, CTS10348/M1252/PF5950, CTS10454/M1253, CTS10859/M1269, CTS12028/M1272/PF5977, CTS12524/PF5988, CTS12648/M1276/PF5512, F4/M1183/PF5991, F29/L821/M5579/PF5857, F83/M1185/PF5861, F115/M1189/PF5870, F180/M1196/PF5881, F212/M1198/PF5885, F313/M1219, F332/M1224/PF5914, F344/M1227/PF5916, F359/M1229/PF5920, F506/M1243/PF5940, F521/M1247/PF5944, F521/M1247/PF5944, F524/M1248/PF5945, F536/M1251/PF5949, F556/PF5951, F640/M1271/PF5975, F647/M1273/PF5978, F671/M1274/PF5981, F680/M1275/PF5984, F1660/PF5889, FGC285, L82/PF5972, M1109, M1160/PF5958, M1186/PF5864, M1187/PF5865, M1188/PF5869, M1190/PF5871, M1191/Y474, M1192/PF5872, M1193/PF5876, M1194/PF5878, M1195/PF5880, M1197/PF5883, M1199/PF5886, M1207/Y44, M1216/PF5908, M1240/PF5936, M1246/PF5943, M1254/PF6062, M1255/PF5952, M1256/PF5954, M1257/PF5955, M1258/PF6066, M1259/PF5956, M1260/PF5957, M1261/PF5959, M1262/PF5961, M1263/PF5964, M1264, M1265/PF5965, M1267/Y507, PF5481, PF5483, PF5511, PF5867, PF5882, PF5887, PF5888, PF5935, PF5982, PF5985
  P1~ or K2b2a~   M45/PF5962, F1857/P337/Page83/PF5901, M74/N12/PF5963, P226/PF5879, P228/PF5927, P230/PF5925, P235/PF5946, P237/PF5873, P239/PF5930, P243/PF5874, P244/PF5896, P281/PF5941, P282/PF5932, P283/PF5966, P284
  P1~ or K2b2a~ L138, L268, L405/PF5990, L471/PF5989, L536/PF5860, L721/PF6020, L741/PF5960/YSC0000297, L768/PF5976/YSC0000274, L779/PF5907/YSC0000251, L781/PF5875/YSC0000255
  P2~ B253, Z33760, Z33761, Z33762, Z33763
    Q or K2b2a1   M242
    R or K2b2a2   M207/Page37/UTY2, etc.


Y-DNA haplogroup P, an offshoot of Haplogroup K2b, originated in Central Asia some 35,000 years ago; sites in Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and southern Siberia have been offered as the likely point of first appearance. Haplogroup P is best represented by its two immediate subclades, haplogroups Q and R, which expanded to become the dominant haplogroups in, respectively, the Americas and Europe.
P1-M74 or M45 has been found in n. Philippines, India, China (Maks, Ai Cham, Biao, Then, Uygurs, Tibetans, Hans), Taiwan (Pyuma),
      Indonesia (Batak, Malay, Minangkabau, Kaili, Alor), Romania (Szeklers), Scandinavia,
      Iran (Bakhtiari, Arabs) Pakistan (Burushos), Melanesia, Jordan
It is not clear that all these men were verified negative for the haplogroup Q subgroup.
P2-B253 was identified in the Philippines (Agtas)


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Capelli et al, Population Structure in the Mediterranean Basin: A Y Chromosome Perspective. (pdf) Annals of Human Genetics, 2005.
Dein et al, The Y Chromosome Landscape of the Philippines: Extensive Heterogeneity and Varying Genetic Affinities of Negrito and Non-Negrito Groups. (abstract) European Journal of Human Genetics, 19:224-30, 2011.
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