Y-DNA Haplogroup B and its Subclades - 2017

The entire work is identified by the Version Number and date given on the Main Page. Directions for citing the document are given at the bottom of the Main Page.

Version History     Last revision date for this specific page: 3 February 2017

Because of continuing research, the structure of the Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree changes and ISOGG does its best to keep the tree updated with the latest developments in the field. The viewer may observe other versions of the tree on the Web. Email Ray Banks if the differences need clarification or if you find any broken links on this page.

LINKS:  Main Page   Y-DNA Tree Trunk    SNP Index    Papers/Presentations Cited    Glossary   Listing Criteria
FONT COLORS:  Newly confirmed in 2017 within subclade  Confirmed within subclade  Investigational items

^ Indicates a next-generation sequencing entry which does not yet meet quality guidelines for minimum number of reads.
^^ Indicates an entry which does not meet quality guidelines but may be helpful.
~ Indicates only an approximate location on the tree.

The criteria for a representative SNP printed in bold for a subclade is: traditional usage, testing one in multiple labs, and/or being found in the area of the chromosome used in recent research studies.

SNPs listed below in italics (colored black or red) are quality variants from next-generation sequencing reports consistently showing as representing that subgroup.

DID YOU NOTICE that the items in gray sometimes have a long name predecing their listing that is the same as just above?  In thi situation, evidence seems to indicate they also seem to belong to the same subgroup, but some confirmatory evidence is not yet available

Contact Peoplefor Haplogroup B: Aaron R. Brown and Bonnie Schrack

B   M60, M181/Page32
B~ CTS503/M8680, CTS843/M8685, CTS1388/M8691, CTS4681/M8765, CTS5743/M8788, CTS6146/M9181. CTS7211/M8808, CTS10487/M8862, CTS11573, M8633, M8675, M8676/V244, M8688, M8701/V1406, M8706, M8711/V1654, M8719/V2092, M8720/V2144, M8732, M8740, M8777, M8791, M8818, M8829, M8857, M8872, M8890, M8891, M8896, M8900, M8926, M8927, M8932, M8936, SK253/Y8486, Y10226/Z23100, Z23095, Z23098, Z23102
B1   M236, M288
� � B1a   M146
 � B1b~ V1108
B2   M182, M247/P85, P90
 B2~ AM01363/M8769/Z599, CTS294/M8677/V1145, CTS346/M8679, CTS720/M8684, CTS1247, CTS1866/M8738, CTS2179/M8743, CTS2668/M8747, CTS2688, CTS2759/M8748, CTS2995/M8749, CTS3349/M8755, CTS3490/M8756/V2720, CTS3608/M8759, CTS3609/M8760, CTS4221/M8761, CTS4252, CTS4663/M8764, CTS5064/M8766, CTS5311/M8770, CTS5321/M8771, CTS5358/M8772, CTS5448/M8776, CTS5459/M8778, CTS5541/M8779, CTS5552/M8781, CTS5599/M8783, CTS5688/M8785, CTS5986/M8789, CTS6243/M8793, CTS6597/M8797, CTS6813/M8802, CTS7033/M8805, CTS7283/M8809, CTS7640/M8813, CTS7653/M8815, CTS7823/M8817, CTS7910/M8819, CTS8214, CTS8242/M8823, CTS8284/M8824, CTS8393, CTS8770/M8830, CTS9119/M8834/V3410, CTS9367/M8836, CTS9676/M8841, CTS9708/M8842, CTS9797/M8843, CTS9829/M8845, CTS10155/M8854, CTS10189/M8855, CTS10295, CTS10376/M8860, CTS10826/M8908, CTS11315/M8912, CTS11323/M8913, CTS11620, CTS11716, CTS11733, CTS11912/M8918, CTS11933/M8920, CTS12474, CTS12884/M8940, M8594/Z11811, M6037/V197, M8678, M8682/V85, M8686/Z11753, M8687, M8689/Z11755, M8690/Z11756, M8692/Z11758, M8693, M8694/V1225/Z11675, M8695/V220, M8696/V234, M8697/V237, M8698, M8699/Z11676, M8700/Z11760, M8702/V1433/Z11677, M8703/V1455/Z11704, M8704/Z11761, M8707/V1529/Z11762, M8708/Z11763, M8710/V1646/Z11764, M8712/Z11765, M8713/Z11766, M8714/Z11767, M8715/Z11768, M8716/V1912/Z11678, M8717/V1991/Z11769, M8721/V2249/Z11771, M8723/V2276/Z11772, M8724/Z11773, M8725/V2284/Z11774, M8726/Z11775, M8727/Z11776, M8730/Z11777, M8733/Z11778, M8735/Z11681, M8737/Z11798, M8735/Z11681, M8737/Z11798, M8741/Z11799, M8742/Z11800, M8745/Z11802, M8746/Z11803, M8750/Z11805, M8754/Z11806, M8758/V2788/Z11808, M8762/V2982/Z11810, M8763/Z11812. M8767, M8768/Z11813, M8773/Z11814, M8774/Z11815, M8784/Z11816, M8792/Z11820, M8796, M8799/Z11821, M8801/Z11823, M8803/Z11685, M8810/Z11826, M8811, M8812, M8813/Z11827, M8820/Z11829, M8825/Z11832, M8826/Z11833, M8827/Z11834, M8831/Z11835, M8833/V349/Z11836, M8837/Z11837, M8838/Z11838, M8839/Z11839, M8847/Z11842, M8848/V3791/Z11843, M8849/V3811/Z11844, M8850/Z11845, M8852/V3954/Z11846, M8859/Z11847, M8863/Z11848, M8866/Z11851, M8867/Z11852, M8869/Z11687, M8871, M8873/Z11855, M8874/Z11856. M8875/Z11857, M8876, M8877/Z11858, M8878/Z11859, M8879/Z11860, M8880/Z11861, M8881/Z11862, M8882/Z11689, M8884/Z11706, M8885/Z11863, M8887/Z11864, M8888/Z11690, M8889/Z11865, M8893/Z11691, M8894/Z11867, M8897/Z11682, M8898/Z11693, M8899/Z11869, M8901/Z11872, M8902/Z11698, M8903/Z11873, M8904/Z11699, M8905/Z11700, M8907/Z11874, M8909/Z11876, M8911/Z11877, M8914/Z11878, M8915/Z11708, M8917, M8921/Z11880, M8922/Z11881, M8923.2/ZS4448.2, M8924/Z11883, M8929/Z11709, M8930, M8931/Z11885, M8933, M8937/Z11888, M8941, M8943, S5748/Z23070, SK284/Z11871, V2558/Z23077, Y10263/Z11752, Y10264/Z11757, Y10271/Z23074, Y10272/Z11795, Y10274/Z23076, Y10275/Z11804, Y10277/Z11809, Y10281/Z11830, Y10283/Z11879, Y10284/Z11884, Z11680, Z11784, Z11785, Z11786, Z11787, Z11791, Z11792, Z11793, Z11794, Z11807, Z11875, Z23073, Z23080, M8696, M6356, M6037, M5834
� � B2a   M150
� � B2a~ Page18
� � � B2a1~ M6356/V78
� � � � B2a1a~ V75.1
� � � �  B2a1a1   M218
� � � �   B2a1a1a~ V62, V227
� � � �  � � B2a1a1a1   M109, M152/Page60
� � � �  � � B2a1a1a1~ CTS296/M5833, CTS698/M6358, CTS1018/M5840, CTS1147, CTS1816/M5895, CTS2328, CTS2441/M6131, CTS2486/M6389, CTS3117/M5905, CTS3389/M5909/V2659, CTS3468/M5911, CTS4056, CTS4358/M5923, CTS4662/M9149, CTS4738/M5929, CTS4748, CTS4966/M6410/V3246, CTS5624/M6413, CTS5737/M5932, CTS5849/M5935, CTS5971, CTS6240/M5939, CTS6441, CTS6831/M5951, CTS7423/M5958, CTS7565/M5960/PF4566, CTS7704/M5963, CTS7710/M5964, CTS8335/M6426, CTS8424. CTS8650, CTS8916, CTS9111/M6433/V3404, CTS9642/M5982, CTS9895, CTS10452, CTS10507/M5988/V4186, CTS10763, CTS11800/M6469, CTS11848, CTS11936/M6042, CTS12002/M6043, F8506.2/Z22771.2, M5834/V217, M5834/V217, M5836, M5838, M5844, M5846/V227, M5848/V1366/Z22887. M5850, M5851, M5852, M5856/V1528, M5858, M5859, M5866/V1856, M5869/V1931, M5871/V2029, M5872/V2354, M5876, M5877, M5878, M5879, M5880, M5883, M5888/S12178, M5891, M5896, M5877, M5878, M5879, M5880, M5883, M5888/S12178, M5891, M5896, M5897, M5898, M5901, M5904, M5907, M5910/V2673, M5913/V2744, M5916/V2784, M5917, M5918, M5919, M5920/V2935, M5922, M5925, M5926, M5927, M5930, M5933, M5934,  M5938, M5940, M5941, M5943, M5945, M5950, M5952, M5954, M5955, M5956, M5965, M5967, M5968, M5970, M5971, M5972, M5973, M5975, M5976/V3369, M5979/V3604, M5983, M5984, M5985/V4043, M5986/V4118, M5987, M5993, M5994, M5997, M5999, M6000, M6003, M6004, M6005, M6007, M6008, M6009, M6010, M6012, M6015, M6019, M6020, M6021, M6029, M6030, M6036, M6037/V197, M6038, M6041, M6045, M6046, M6048, M6054, M6089, M6204, M6279, M6281, M6289, M6307, M6311, M6350/V1040, M6352, M6353, M6354, M6355, M6357, M6359, M6361, M6362, M6363, M6364, M6368/V1687, M6369, M6370/V1885, M6371/V2024, M6372/V2120, M6373, M6374, M6375, M6380, M6382, M6385, M6386, M6387, M6388, M6390, M6393, M6395, M6396, M6297/V2719, M6398/V2786, M6400, M6401, M6403, M6404, M6405, M6406, M6407, M6408, M6409, M6411, M6412, M6414, M6415, M6419, M6421, M6423, M6424, M6425, M6428, M6429, M6430/V3282, M6431/V3344, M6432/V3353, M6434, M6435, M6436/V3500, M6437, M6438, M6439/V3690, M6441, M6442, M6443/V4153, M6444/V4192, M6445, M6446, M6447, M6448, M6449, M6450, M6451, M6453, M6455, M6456, M6457, M6458, M6459, M6462, M6463, M6464, M6465, M6467, M6468, M6470, M6471, M6472, M6473, M6474, M6479, M6480, Page18, SK285/V4175/Z23001, SK288/Z22900, V62, V1041, V2012/Z22891, V2280/Z22892, V2321/Z22967, V2661/Z22948, V2903/Z22953, V2949/Z22956, V3009/Z22957, V3854/Z22997, V3917/Z22998,  Y10344/Z22882, Y10345/Z22883, Y10347/Z22889, Y10348/Z22890, Y10351/Z22897, Y10353/Z22902, Y10354/Z22903, Y10355/Z22912, Y10356/Z22913, Y10357/Z22929, Y10358/Z22931, Y10359/Z22933, Y10360/Z22938, Y10361/Z22945, Y10362, Y10363/Z22947, Y10364/Z22949, Y10365/Z22946, Y10366/Z22951, Y10367/Z22954, Y10368/Z22958, Y10369/Z22960, Y10370/Z22961, Y10374/Z22968, Y10376/Z22970, Y10377/Z22971, Y10380/Z22975, Y10381/Z22976, Y10382/Z22977, Y10383/Z22978, Y10386/Z22982, Y10387/Z22985, Y10388/Z22989, Y10389/Y22990, Y10390/Z22991, Y10392/Z22994, Y10395/Z23002, Y10396/Z23003, Y10397/Z23006, Y10398/Z23008, Y10400/Z23031, Y10401/Z23033, Y10402/Z23034, Y10404/Z23037, Y10405/Z23043. Y10407/Z23046, Y10408/Z23047, Y10409/Z23048, Y10410/Z23049, Y10411/Z23050, Y10412/Z23054, Y10415/Z23056, Y12221/Z22988, Y12223, Z22886, Z22888, Z22893, Z22895, Z22896, Z22905, Z22906, Z22909, Z22910, Z22928, Z22930, Z22932, Z22934, Z22935, Z22936, Z22939, Z22955, Z22965, Z22974, Z22983, Z22987, Z22993, Z22995, Z22996, Z22999, Z23004, Z23007, Z23010, Z23029, Z23032, Z23036, Z23039, Z23040, Z23041, Z23058
� � � �  � � � B2a1a1a1a~ M5868/V1895, M5969, M5937, M5961, M5962, M6034, M6047, PH4047/V3559, Y10342/Z22880, Y10393/Z2300
� � � �  � � � � B2a1a1a1a1~ M5843, M5849, M5854, M5857/V1533, M5942, M6035/PF4284
� � � �  � � � � B2a1a1a1a2   CTS4624, CTS4973, CTS10162, CTS11269, FGC12407/P50, P32, SK304/Y12210/Z22751, V83/Z22737, V185, V2647/Z22749, V3752/Z22756, Y12200/Z22739, Y12201/Z22740, Y12202/Z22742, Y12205/Z22748, Y12209/Z22750, Y12213/Z22754, Y12215/Z22760, Y12217/Z22762, Y12218/Z22766, Y12219/Z22767, Y12220/Z22768, Z22738, Z22745, Z22747, Z22752, Z22753, Z22755, Z22757, Z22758, Z22759, Z22761, Z22763, Z22765
� � � �  � � � �  B2a1a1a1a2a~ CTS1135, CTS1813, CTS2660, CTS4129, CTS8970
� � � �  � � � � B2a1a1a1a3~ V1099, V1109, V1220, V1271, V1393  
� � � �  � � � B2a1a1a1b~ A9832.2, FGC35854, FGC51424/Y24839, FGC53356, FGC53359, FGC53365, FGC53379, M989, M8307, Y21879, Y21880, Y21883, Y21884, Y21885, Y21886, Y21888, Y21889, Y21890, Y21891, Y21892, Y21894, Y21895, Y21896, Y21897, Y21898, Y21899, Y21900, Y21901, Y21902, Y21903, Y21904, Y21905, Y21906, Y21907, Y21908, Y21909, Y22699, Y22703, Y22704, Y22705, Y22706, Y22707, Y22708, Y22709, Y22710, Y22711, Y22712, Y22713, Y22714, Y22715, Y22716, Y22717, Y22718, Y22719, Y22720, Y22721, Y22723, Y22725, Y22727, Y22729, Y22730, Y22731, Y22732, Y22733, Y22734, Y22735, Y22735, Y22736, Y22737, Y22738, Y22739, Y22740, Y22741, Y22742, Y22744, Y22745, Y22746, Y22747, Y22748, Y22749, Y22750, Y22751, Y22753, Y22754, Y22755, Y22756, Y22757, Y22758, Y22759, Y25123, Y26696, Y26697, ZS750  
� � � �  � � � � B2a1a1a1b1~ Y22728
� � � �  � � B2a1a1a2   G1
� � � �  � � B2a1a1a3~ V254
� � � �  B2a2a1   M108.1
� � � �  B2a2a1a   M43, P111
� � B2b   M112
� � B2b~ Page72
� � � B2b1   M192, 50f2(P)/M8659
� � � B2b1~ CTS210/M8523/V1093, CTS3596/M8585/V2795, CTS8971/M9256/V3298, CTS9090/M8624/V3381, M8521/V1045, M8522/V1073, M8524/V1098, M8552/V1709, M8553.2/V1735.2, M8557/V2072, M8558/V2109, M8561/V2398, M8580/V2518, M8582/V2565, M8583/V2594, M8584/V2549, M8596/V3175, M8630/V3816, M8632/V3891
� � � � B2b1a~ M8495, M8497/V1673, M8498/V1897, M8499, M8500/V2487, M8501, M8503, M8504, M8508, M8510, M8511.1/V3669.1, M8513/V3840, M8514/V3997, M8515, M8579
� � � � B2b1a1~ M8349, M8350, M8351, M8352, M8354, M8355, M8356, M8357, M8358, M8359/V1552, M8360, M8361, M8362, M8363, M8364/V1845, M8365/V1888, M8367, M8368/V2327, M8369/V2426, M8370, M8371, M8372, M8379, M8381, M8382, M8383, M8384, M8385, M8386/Page5/V2539, M8387, M8388, M8389/V2632. M8391, M8392, M8393, M8394, M8395/V3073, M8396/V3133, M8397/V3180, M8398, M8399, M8400, M8401, M8402, M8403, M8404, M8405, M8407, M8408, M8409, M8410, M8411/Page48, M8412, M8413, M8414, M8418, M8419, M8422, M8423, M8424, M8425, M8429, M8430, M8431, M8432, M8433, M8434, M8435, M8437, M8438, M8440, M8441. M8442, M8444, M8445, M8446, M8447, M8448, M8449, M8450/V3523, M8451/V3560, M8452, M8453, M8454/V3733, M8456, M8457, M8458, M8459/V4046, M8460, M8461, M8462, M8463, M8464, M8465, M8466, M8467, M8468, M8469, M8470, M8471, M8472, M8473, M8474, M8475, M8476, M8477, M8478, M8481, M8482, M8483, M8484, M8485, M8487, M8489, M8494
� � � �   B2b1a1a~ M115, M169
� � � �   B2b1a1b M30
� � � �   B2b1a1b~ M129
� � � �  � �  B2b1a1b1   M108.2
� � � �   B2b1a1c~ M7785/ZS588, M8035, M8036, M8038, M8040, M8042, M8043, M8044, M8045, M8046, M8047, M8048, M8050, M8051, M8052, M8053, M8054, M8055, M8056, M8057
� � � �   B2b1a1c1   M211
� � � �   B2b1a1c2~ M7915, M7917, M7918, M7919, M7920, M7921, M7923, M7924, M7926, M7927, M7928, M7929, M7930, M7931, M7932, M7934, M7935, M7936, M7937, M7938, M7939, M7940, M7941, M7942, M7943, M7944, M7945, M7947, M7948, M7949, M7950, M7955, M7958, M7959, M7961, M7962, M7963, M7964, M7965, M7967, M7968, M7969/S16600, M7971, M7977, M7979, M7980, M7981, M7982, M7984, M7985, M7986, M7987, M7988, M7989, M7990, M7991, M7992, M7993, M7994, M7995, M7996, M7998, M7999, M8000, M8001, M8002, M8003, M8004, M8005, M8006, M8007, M8009, M8011, M8012, M8013, M8014, M8015, M8017, M8018, M8020, M8021, M8022, M8023, M8024, M8025, M8027, M8028, M8029
� � � �   B2b1a1c2a~ B27, M8353, M8965, PH311, PH838, PH969, PH1228, PH1718, PH2971, PH3084, PH3530, PH3584, PH4311, PH4339, PH4705, PH4707, PH4468, PH5041, PH5059, PH5366, PR1447, PR2470, S9748, SK350, Z37900, Z37901, Z37902, Z37904, Z37905, Z37906, Z37907, Z37908, Z37909, Z37910, Z37911, Z37912, Z37913, Z37914, Z37916, Z37917, Z37919, Z37920, Z37921, Z37922, Z37923, Z37924, Z37925, Z37926, Z37927, Z37928, Z37929, Z37930, Z37931, Z37932, Z37933, Z37934, Z37935, Z37936, Z37937, Z37938, Z37939, Z37940, Z37941, Z37943, Z37944, Z37945, Z37946, Z37947, Z37949, Z37950, Z37951, Z37952, Z37954, Z37955, Z37957 
� � � �   B2b1a1c2a1~ B25, M7922, Z37961 
� � � �   B2b1a1c2a2~ B26, M7925, M8417, M8443
� � � �   B2b1a1d~ M7834/Page86
� � � � B2b1a2~ M7179, M7327, M7378, M7583, M5784, M7588, M7595, M7596, M7600, M7601, M7602, M7603, M7604, M7605, M7606, M7607, M7608, M7610, M7618, M7621, M7622, M7626, M7628, M7631, M7632, M7633, M7634, M7636, M7637, M7639, M7640, M7646, M7647, M7648, M7649, M7650, M7653, M7654, M7655, M7659, M7661, M7662, M7664, M7666, M7668, M7670, M7673, M7674, M7680, M7684, M7686, M7688, M7689, M7692, M7693, M7694, M7697, M7698, M7699, M7702, M7704, M7706, M7707, M7709, M7711, M7713, M7715, M7718/S7230, M7719, M7722, M7724, M7725, M7729, PH4551, Z37962, Z37963, Z37964
� � � �  � B2b1a2a~ BY7953/Z38024, YP1118.2, Z15188.2, Z24954, Z37965, Z37966, Z37968, Z37969, Z37970, Z37971, Z37972, Z37973, Z37974, Z37975, Z37976, Z37977, Z37978, Z37979, Z37980, Z37981, Z37982, Z37983, Z37984, Z37985, Z37986, Z37988, Z37989, Z37990, Z37991, Z37992, Z37993, Z37994, Z37995, Z37996, Z37997, Z37998, Z37999, Z38000, Z38001, Z38003, Z38004, Z38005, Z38006, Z38007, Z38008, Z38009, Z38010, Z38011, Z38012, Z38013, Z38014, Z38015, Z38016, Z38017, Z38018, Z38019, Z38020, Z38023, Z38025, Z38026, Z38027, Z38028, Z38029, Z38032, Z38033, Z38035, Z38036, Z38037, Z38038, Z38039, Z38040, Z38041, Z38042, Z38043, Z38044, Z38045, Z38046, Z38047, Z38048, Z38049, Z38050, Z38051, Z38052, Z38053, Z38054, Z38055, Z38056, Z38057, Z38058, Z38059, Z38060, Z38061, Z38062, Z38063, Z38064, Z38065, Z38066, Z38067, Z38068, Z38069, Z38070, Z38071, Z38072, Z38073, Z38074, Z38075, Z38076, Z38077, Z38078, Z38079, Z38080, Z38081, Z38082, Z38083, Z38084, Z38085, Z38086, Z38087, Z38088, Z38089, Z38090, Z38091, Z38092, Z38093, Z38094, Z38095, Z38096, Z38097, Z38098, Z38100, Z38101, Z38102, Z38103, Z38104, Z38105, Z38106, Z38107, Z38108, Z38109, Z38110, Z38111, Z38112, Z38113, Z38114, Z38115, Z38116, Z38117, Z38118, Z38119, Z38120, Z38121, Z38122, Z38123, Z38124, Z38125, Z38126, Z38127, Z38128, Z38129, Z38130, Z38131, Z38132, Z38133, Z38134, Z38135, Z38137, Z38138, Z38139, Z38140, Z38141, Z38142, Z38143, Z38144, Z38145, Z38146, Z38147, Z38148, Z38150, Z38151, Z38152, Z38153, Z38154, Z38155, Z38156, Z38157, Z38158, Z38159, Z38160, Z38161, Z38162, Z38163, Z38164, Z38165, Z38166, Z38167, Z38168, Z38169, Z38171, Z38172, Z38173, Z38174, Z38175, Z38176, Z38177, Z38178, Z38179, Z38180, Z38181, Z38182, Z38183, Z38184, Z38185, Z38186, Z38187, Z38188, Z38189, Z18190, Z38191, Z38193, Z38194, Z38196, Z38197, Z38198, Z38199, Z38200, Z38201, Z38202, Z38203, Z38204, Z38205, Z38206, Z38207, Z38211, Z43480, Z43481, Z43482, Z43483, ZS6272
� � � �  � � B2b1a2a1~ B23, Z38212, Z38214, Z38215
� � � �  � � B2b1a2a2~ B24, Z38216, Z38217, Z38218, Z38219
� � � �  � B2b1a2b~ M7202, M7590,  M7591, M7593, M7598, M7611, M7614, M7625, M7638, M7641, M7642, M7645, M7658, M7650, M7671, M7677, M7687, M7690, M7695, M7696, M7701, M7703, M7708, M7715, M7720, M7721, M7726, M11814.2/Z8315.2, Z38220, Z38221, Z38222
� � � �  � � B2b1a2b1~ L276.2, Z38223, Z38225, Z38226
� � � �  � � B2b1a2b2~ M7592, M7597, M7599, M7609, M7623, M7630, M7644, M7672, M7676, M7679, M7683, M7691, M7700, M7710, M7714, M7723
� � � �  � � � B2b1a2b2a~ M2803, Z38227, Z38228, Z38229 
� � � � B2b1b~ M6557/V1265, M7014/V1012, M7105/Page114, M7106, M7107, M7108, M7109, M7110/V1362, M7111, M7112/V2050, M7113, M7114, M7116, M7117, M7118/V2800, M7119, M7120, M7121, M7123, M7124, M7125, M7126, M7127, M7129, M7131, M7132, M7133, M7135, M7136, PH2037, SK433/V3853/ZS2228, Z37898 
� � � �  B2b1b1~ M7115, M7134
� � � �
  � B2b1b1a   P6 
� � � �  � B2b1b1b~ CTS308, M6845, M6848, M6855, M6857
� � � �  B2b1b2~ M65.2
� � � B2b2   P112
� � � B2b3~ CTS121, CTS1226/M8542. CTS8235.2, CTS8592, M9535
� � � B2b4~ PH100/V1159, V1166, V1182, V1278, V1296
B3   L1388, L1389, L1390, L1391, L1392, L1394, L1395, L1396, L1397
� B3~ CTS3730, CTS4934, CTS5707, F1877, V1921/Z5291, Z5057, Z5058, Z5060, Z5061, Z5062, Z5063, Z5065, Z5066, Z5197, Z5198, Z5199, Z5200, Z5201, Z5202, Z5203, Z5204, Z5205, Z5206, Z5207, Z5208, Z5209, Z5210, Z5212, Z5213, Z5214, Z5215, Z5218. Z5219, Z5221, Z5222, Z5223, Z5224, Z5225, Z5226, Z5228, Z5229, Z5231, Z5233, Z5233, Z5234, Z5237, Z5238, Z5239, Z5240, Z5242, Z5243, Z5244, Z5245, Z5246, Z5247, Z5248, Z5249, Z5250, Z5252, Z5253, Z5254, Z5255, Z5256, Z5257, Z5258, Z5259, Z5260, Z5261, Z5262, Z5263, Z5265, Z5266, Z5267, Z5268, Z5269, Z5270, Z5271, Z5272, Z5273, Z5274, Z5275, Z5276, Z5277, Z5278, Z5280, Z5281, Z5283, Z5284, Z5285, Z5286, Z5287, Z5289, Z5290. Z5292, Z5293, Z5294, Z5295, Z5296, Z5297, Z5298, Z5299, Z5300, Z5301, Z5302, Z5303, Z5304, Z5306, Z5307, Z5308, Z5309, Z5311, Z5315, Z5317, Z5321, Z5322, Z5323, Z5324, Z5326, Z5330, Z5331, Z5333, Z5334, Z5335, Z5336, Z5339, Z5341, Z5342, Z5343, Z5345, Z5346, Z5347, Z5348, Z5351, Z5352, Z5353, Z5354, Z5355, Z5364, Z5372, Z5374, Z5378, Z5379, Z5380, Z5381, Z5383, Z5384, Z5385, Z5386, Z5387, Z5388, Z5389, Z5391, Z5401, Z5402, Z5403, Z5404, Z5405, Z5406, Z5407, Z5408, Z5409, Z5411, Z5412, Z5413, Z5414, Z5415, Z5417, Z5419, Z5420, Z5422, Z5424, Z5425, Z5426, Z5428, Z5429, Z5430, Z5431, Z5432, Z5433, Z5434, Z5435, Z5436, Z5437, Z5438, Z5439, Z5440, Z5441, Z5443, Z5444, Z5445, Z5446, Z5447, Z5448, Z5449, Z5450, Z5451, Z5452, Z5453, Z5454, Z5455, Z5456, Z5457, Z5460, Z5461, Z5463, Z5464, Z5465, Z5466, Z5467, Z5468, Z5469, Z5470, Z5471, Z5472, Z5475, Z5477, Z5478, Z5479, Z5480, Z5481, Z5482, Z5485, Z5486, Z5488, Z5491, Z5492, Z5493, Z5494, Z5495, Z5496, Z5497, Z5498, Z5499, Z5500, Z5502, Z5503, Z5504, Z5505, Z5506, Z5508, Z5509, Z5510, Z5511, Z5512, Z5513, Z5514, Z5515, Z5516, Z5517, Z5519, Z5520, Z5521, Z5522, Z5523, Z5524, Z5525, Z5526. Z5527, Z5528, Z5529, Z5530, Z5531, Z5532, Z5533, Z5535, Z5536, Z5538, Z5539, Z5539, Z5540, Z5541, Z5542, Z5543, Z5544, Z5545, Z5546, Z5547, Z5548, Z5549, Z5550, Z5551, Z5552, Z5553, Z5554, Z5555, Z5556, Z5557, Z5558, Z5559, Z5561, Z5563, Z5564, Z5566, Z5567, Z5568, Z5569, Z5570, Z5571, Z5572, Z5573, Z5574, Z5575, Z5577. Z5578, Z5579, Z5582, Z5583, Z5584, Z5585, Z5586, Z5587, Z5588, Z5589, Z5592, Z5593, Z5594, Z5595, Z5596, Z5597, Z5598, Z5599, Z5601, Z5602, Z5603, Z5604, Z5605, Z5606, Z5607, Z5609, Z5610, Z5611, Z5612, Z5615, Z5616, Z5617, Z5618, Z5619, Z5620, Z5621, Z5625, Z5627, Z5629, Z5631, Z5632, Z5633, Z5634, Z5635, Z5636, Z5637, Z5639, Z5640, Z5641, Z5642, Z5643, Z5644, Z5645, Z5646, Z5647, Z5648, Z5650, Z5651, Z5652, Z5653, Z5654, Z5655, Z5656, Z5657, Z5659, Z5660, Z5661, Z5662, Z5664, Z5665, Z5666, Z5667, Z5668, Z5669, Z5670, Z5671, Z5672, Z5677, Z5678, Z5679, Z5680, Z5681, Z5682, Z5683, Z5684, Z5685, Z5686, Z5687, Z5688, Z5689, Z5690, Z5691, Z5692, Z5693, Z5694, Z5695, Z5697, Z5702, Z5703, Z5704, Z5705, Z5706, Z5707, Z5708, Z5710, Z5711, Z5712, Z5713, Z5714, Z5715, Z5716, Z5717, Z5718, Z5720, Z5721, Z5722, Z5723, Z5724, Z5725, Z5726, Z5727, Z5728, Z5755, Z5756, Z5757, Z5758, Z5759, Z5760, Z5761, Z5762, Z5763, Z5765, Z5766, Z5767, Z5768, Z5769, Z5770, Z5771, Z5773, Z5774, Z5775, Z5776, Z5777, Z5778, Z5779, Z5780, Z5781, Z5782, Z5783, Z5784, Z5785, Z5787, Z5788, Z5789, Z5790, Z5791, Z5792, Z5793, Z5796, Z5798, Z5799, Z5800, Z5801, Z5802, Z5803, Z5804, Z5805, Z5806, Z5807, Z5808, Z5809, Z5810, Z5812, Z5814, Z5816, Z5820, Z5821, Z5822, Z5824, Z5825, Z5826, Z5827, Z5829, Z5830, Z5831, Z5832, Z5841, Z5844, Z5846, Z5849, Z5851, Z22664, Z22676, Z22679, Z22681, Z22683, Z22688, Z22689, Z22690, Z22691, Z22692, Z22693, Z22694, Z22695, Z22696, Z22697, Z22698, Z22699, Z22700, Z22701, Z22702, Z22703, Z22704, Z22705, Z22706, Z22707, Z22708, Z22714, Z22715, Z22716, Z22719, Z43718
�  B3a   M3300/Z11577, A564.2/Z11575.2, AM00639.1/F11789.1/Z11583.1, BY10145.2/MZ28.2/Z11585/2. CTS2123, CTS10658^, Z11473, Z11475^, Z11510^, Z11511, Z11512, Z11513, Z11516, Z11517, Z11519^, Z11520, Z11521, Z11522, Z11523, Z11524^, Z11525^, Z11526^, Z11527^, Z11528, Z11529, Z11530^, Z11531, Z11532^, Z11533^, Z11534, Z11535^, Z11536, Z11537^, Z11538, Z11544^, Z11545, Z11546, Z11547, Z11548^, Z11549, Z11557, Z11558, Z11559, Z11561, Z11570, Z11571, Z11572, Z11573, Z11574, Z11579^, Z11580^, Z11581, Z11582, Z11584, Z11586^, Z11587^, Z11588^, Z11589, Z11591^, Z11592^, Z11593^, Z11594^, Z11595^, Z11596, Z11597^, Z11599, Z11600^, Z11601, Z11602^, Z11603, Z11604^, Z11606, Z11607, Z11608^, Z11609, Z11611, Z11612, Z11614, Z11615^, Z11619, Z11620, Z11621, Z11622, Z11624, Z11625, Z11626, Z11628^, Z11629, Z11630, Z11631^, Z11633, Z11634, Z11638, Z11639, Z11640, Z11641, Z11649, Z11650, Z11651, Z11652, Z11653^, Z11654, Z11656, Z11658^, Z11660^, Z11661^, Z11662, Z11663^, Z11665, Z11667^, Z11671 
� � B3a1~ CTS10886/M4701, M10909, Z43721, Z43722, Z43723  
� � B3a2~ Z22661, Z22662, Z43724, Z43725, Z43726
�  B3b~ L687, M8170, Z22657, Z22658 


Y-DNA haplogroup B, like Y-DNA haplogroup A, is seen overhelmingly only in Africa in the Old World and is scattered widely, but thinly, across the continent. B is thought to have arisen approximately 50,000 years ago. These haplogroups have higher frequencies among hunter-gather groups in Ethiopia and Sudan, and are also seen among click language-speaking populations. The patchy, widespread distribution of these haplogroups may mean that they are remnants of ancient lineages that once had a much wider range but have been largely displaced by more recent population events. 

B-M109 is the most commonly seen subgroup within B-M150. 

About 2.3% of African-Americans belong to haplogroup B - with 1.5% of the 2.3%  belonging under M150.

Geographic distribution so far of Old World ancestry of modern-day haplogroup B subgroup men (not complete):

       M236      Mali, Burkina Faso, Cameroon
       M218      Kenya (Luhyas), Uganda, Cameroon 
       M43        Mali
       M8349    Mali, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Mbuti and Baka Pygmies, Qatar, Saudi Arabia
       M7179    Eastern Africa (Hadzas, Sandawes)  
       M6557    Congo, Namibia, South Africa (!Kungs), Eastern Africa (Hadzas) 
       P112       Kenya (Luhyas)  
       PH100    South Africa (!Kungs)
       L1388     Sierra Leone, Gambia


Batini et al, Signatures of the Preagricultural Peopling Processes in Sub-Saharan Africa as Revealed by the Phylogeography of Early Y Chromosome Lineages. (abstract) Molecular Biology and Evolution. 28 (9): 2603-2613, 2011.
Cruciani et al, A Back Migration from Asia to Sub-Saharan Africa Is Supported by High-Resolution Analysis of Human Y-Chromosome Haplotypes. American Journal of Human Genetics, 70:1197-1214, 2002.
Gomes et al, Digging Deeper into East African Human Y Chromosone Lineages, Human Genetics, 127(5):603-13, 2010.
Karafet et al, New Binary Polymorphisms Reshape and Increase Resolution of the Human Y-Chromosomal Haplogroup Tree. Abstract. Genome Research, published online April 2, 2008. Supplementary Material.
Karmin et al, A Recent Bottleneck of Y chromosome Diversity Coincides with a Global Change in Culture. Genome Research, doi: 10.1101/gr.186684.114, published online March 13, 2015. Regueiro et al, Iran: Tricontinental Nexus for Y-Chromosome Driven Migration. (abstract) Human Heredity, Vol. 61, No 3, 132-143, 2006.
Rozen et al, Remarkably Little Variation in Proteins Encoded by the Y Chromosome's Single-Copy Genes, Implying Effective Purifying Selection. American Journal of Human Genetics. 2009 December 11; 85(6): 923-928.
Schuster et al, Complete Khoisan and Bantu Genomes from Southern Africa. (abstract) Nature 463, 943-947, 18 February 2010.
Scozzari et al, Molecular Dissection of the Basal Clades in the Human Y Chromosome Phylogenetic Tree, PLoS ONE, Vol. 7, Issue 11, e4917, 2012.
Scozzari et al, An Unbiased Resource of Novel SNP Markers Provides a New Chronology for the Human Y Chromosome and Reveals a Deep Phylogenetic Structure in Africa, Genome Research, Vol. doi:10.1101/gr.160788.113, 2014.
Semino et al, Ethiopians and Khoisan Share the Deepest Clades of the Human Y-Chromosome Phylogeny. (pdf) American Journal of Human Genetics, 70:265-268, 2002.
Valone et al, Y SNP Typing of African-American and Caucasian Samples Using Allele-Specific Hybridization and Primer Extension. (pdf) Journal of Forensic Science, 49:4, July 2004.

             The tree here includes investigational items found also on the FTDNA and YFull trees.

Additional Resources:
ISOGG Wiki - What you need to know about Genetic Genealogy.
B Haplogroup Project .
The African DNA Project (B), Dr. Ana Oquendo Pabon.

Corrections/Additions made since 1 January 2017:

Back to Main Page
Back to Y-DNA Tree Trunk
Back to SNP Index
Back to Papers/Presentations Cited
Back to Glossary
Back to Listing Criteria

Copyright 2017 International Society of Genetic Genealogy. All Rights Reserved.

ISOGG logo