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Y-DNA Haplogroup D and its Subclades - 2018

The entire work is identified by the Version Number and date given on the Main Page. Directions for citing the document are given at the bottom of the Main Page.

Version History     Last revision date for this specific page: 12 February 2018

Because of continuing research, the structure of the Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree changes and ISOGG does its best to keep the tree updated with the latest developments in the field. The viewer may observe other versions of the tree on the Web. Email Ray Banks if the differences need clarification or if you find any broken links on this page.

LINKS:  Main Page   Y-DNA Tree Trunk    SNP Index    Papers/Presentations Cited    Glossary   Listing Criteria
FONT COLORS:  Newly confirmed in 2018 within subclade  Confirmed within subclade  Investigational items 

^ Indicates a next-generation sequencing entry which does not yet meet quality guidelines for minimum number of reads.
^^ Indicates an entry which does not meet quality guidelines but may be helpful.
~ Indicates only an approximate location on the tree.

The criteria for a representative SNP printed in bold for a subclade is: traditional usage, testing one in multiple labs, and/or being found in the area of the chromosome used in recent research studies.

SNPs listed below in italics (colored black or red) are quality variants from next-generation sequencing reports consistently showing as representing that subgroup.

Contact Person for Haplogroup D: Ray Banks

D   M174/Page30, A743.2/FGC1224.2, CTS94, CTS1014.2, CTS1171, CTS1269, CTS1453, CTS1869, CTS2671, CTS2682^, CTS2741, CTS2985, CTS3942/Z1604, CTS4030/V2897/Z1605, CTS4217, CTS5001, CTS5085^/Z1607^, CTS5704, CTS5725^, CTS7082, CTS7660/F3709, CTS9290, CTS9434^, CTS10128,  CTS11261, F887, F975, F1034/V1320, F1066/V1437, F1137/V1774/Z1591, F1163/Z1592, F1264/V2153, F1278/V2177, F1306/V2256, F1344/V2338, F1379/V2446, F1439, F1447, F1533, F1612, F1620.1, F1539, F1540, F1548/Z1594, F1642, F1919/V2849, F1927/V2885, F2062, F2147/Z1608, F2157, F2161/Z1610, F2285, F2318, F2325, F2455, F2473, F2662/Z1612, F2765, F2831/V3465, F2923/V3694, F2956, F3289, F3321, F3328/Z1620, F3370, F3519, F3615, F3666, F3835, F3845/Z1588, F3920, F3976, F4030, FGC6233/Y11929,  FGC6254/V1375/Y11253, FGC6260/Y12042, FGC6275/Y11254, FGC6292/Y11256, IMS-JST021355, V1288/Z3711,  V1852/Z3720,  Z1590, Z1618, Z1619, Z3703, Z3704, Z3705, Z3707, Z3715, Z3727, Z3728^, Z3731^, Z3760, Z3762, Z3765, Z3767, Z3771, Z3787, Z3794, Z3795, Z3796, Z17157
D~ CTS260/Z1580, CTS3946, CTS8801, CTS9128, CTS9564, CTS10169, CTS11608, CTS11804, CTS12500, F1690, F3704, Z3701, Z3718, Z3733, Z3772, Z3806
 D1   CTS11577, CTS9290, F2285
  D1a   F6251/Z27276, Z27283
   D1a1   M15
    D1a1a F849, F901, F941, F1182, F1231, F1400, F1709, F1868, F1943, F2025, F2160, F2238, F2460, F2586, F2715, F2762, F3077, F3097, F3306, SK539, Y19636, Y19641, Z27272, Z27274, Z27277, Z27281, Z27282, Z27293, Z27295, Z27298, Z27299,  Z27301, Z27305, Z27306, Z27307, Z27308, Z27309, Z27311, Z27312, Z27316, Z27320, Z27321, Z27323, Z27324, Z27335, Z27341, Z27344, Z27346, Z27349, Z27350, Z27351, Z27353,  Z29449
     D1a1a1   N1
      D1a1a1a  Z27269, PH4/Z29448, YP4237/Z27338, Z27270, Z27273, Z27275, Z27278, Z27279, Z27280, Z27285, Z27286, Z27287, Z27289, Z27290, Z27292, Z27294, Z27296, Z27297, Z27302, Z27303, Z27304, Z27310, Z27314, Z27315, Z27317, Z27318, Z27319, Z27322, Z27325, Z27326, Z27327, Z27328, Z27329, Z27330, Z27332, Z27333, Z27334, Z27337, Z27339, Z27340, Z27343, Z27345, Z27347, Z27348, Z29450, Z29451, Z29452, Z29453
       D1a1a1a1  PH4979, PH344, PH1366, PH2207, PH2452, PH3173, Z29426, Z29427, Z29430, Z29433, Z29436, Z29438, Z29439, Z29441, Z29445, Z29446, Z29447
        D1a1a1a1a~ FGC41743.2/ZS9823.2, PH1283, PH1991, Y20058 Z29428, Z29429, Z29431, Z29432, Z29434, Z29435, Z29437, Z29440
        D1a1a1a1a1~ Z31585, Z31586, Z31587
        D1a1a1a1a2 F729, F737, F738, F836, F926, F3167, F3828, F3865, F3866, F3907, F3956, F3964, F3969, F3973, F3975, F3987, F3999, PH43, PH1054, PH1507, PH3505, Y28095, Z43902, Z43903, Z43904, Z43905, Z43906, Z43907, Z43908. Z43909, Z43910, Z43911, Z43912, Z43913, Z43914, Z43915, Z43916, Z43918, Z43919, Z43920, Z43921, Z43922, Z43923, Z43924, Z43925, Z43926, Z43927, Z44021, Z44022, Z44023^, Z44024, Z44025, Z44026, Z44027, Z44028^, Z44029, Z44030, Z44031, Z44032^, Z44033, Z44034, Z44035, Z44036^, Z44037, Z44038, Z44039, Z44040, Z44041
        D1a1a1a1a2a~ Z44634, Z44635, Z44636, Z44637, Z44638
        D1a1a1a1a2b~ Z43928, Z43929, Z43930, Z43931, Z43932
        D1a1a1a1b~ Y7820, Z40573, Z40574, Z40575, Z40576
       D1a1a1a2  Z31591, FGC5437.2, SK541, SK2296, YP1043.2, Z31581, Z31582, Z31583, Z31594, Z31595, Z31596, Z31597, Z31598, Z31599, Z31601, Z31602, Z31603, Z31604, Z31605, Z31606, Z31607, Z31608, Z31609, Z31610, Z31611, Z31612, Z31614, Z31615, Z31616, Z31618, Z31620, Z31621, Z31622, Z31623, Z31627, Z31628
        D1a1a1a2a~ Z31625, Z31626
Z31584, Z31590, Z31592, Z31593

       D1a1a1a3~  Z40603, Z40604, Z40605, Z40606, Z40607 
     D1a1a2  F1070 F3857, M5839, Z31624, Z40580, Z40581, Z40582, Z40583, Z40584, Z40585, Z40586, Z40587, Z40588, Z40589, Z40590, Z40591, Z40592, Z40593, Z40594, Z40595, Z40596, Z40597, Z40950, Z40951, Z43868
      D1a1a2a~ A6345, Z40602, Z40952, Z40953, Z40954, Z40955, Z40956, Z40957, Z40958, Z40959, Z40960, Z40961, Z40962, Z40963, Z40964, Z40965, Z40966, Z40967, Z40968, Z40969, Z40970, Z40971, Z40972., Z40973, Z40974, Z40975, Z40976, Z40977, Z40978, Z40979, Z40980, Z40981, Z40982, Z40983, Z40984, Z40985, Z40986, Z40987, Z40988, Z40989, Z40990, Z40991, Z40992, Z40993, Z40994, Z40995, Z40996, Z40997, Z40998, Z40999, Z41000, Z41001, Z41002, Z41003, Z41004, Z41005, Z41006, Z41007, Z41008, Z41009, Z41010, Z41012, Z41013, Z41014, Z41015, Z41016, Z41017, Z41018, Z41019, Z41020, Z41021, Z41022, Z41023, Z41024, Z41025, Z41026, Z41027, Z41028, Z41029, Z41030, Z41031, Z41032, Z41033, Z41034, Z41035, Z41036, Z41038, Z41039, Z41040, Z41041, Z41042, Z41043, Z41044, Z41045, Z41046, Z41047, Z41048, Z41049, Z41050, Z41051, Z41052, Z41053, Z41054, Z41055, Z41056, Z41057, Z41058. Z41059, Z41060, Z41061, Z41062, Z41063, Z41064, Z41065, Z41066, Z41067, Z41258, Z41259, Z41260, Z41261
       D1a1a2a1 BY12738/Z40598, Z40599, Z41207, Z41208, Z41209, Z41210, Z41211. Z41212. Z41213, Z41214, Z41215, Z41216, Z41217, Z41218, Z41219, Z41220, Z41221. Z41222, Z41223, Z41224, Z41225, Z41226, Z41227, Z41228, Z41229, Z41230, Z41231, Z41232, Z41233, Z41234, Z41235, Z41236, Z41237, Z41239, Z41240, Z41241, Z41242, Z41243, Z41244, Z41245
        D1a1a2a1a~ Z40600, Z40601
        D1a1a2a1b~ Z41246, Z41247, Z41248, Z41249, Z41250
       D1a1a2a2~ Z41068, Z41069, Z41070, Z41071, Z41072
      D1a1a2b~ CTS5502, CTS6519.2/S4247.2, Z40608
   D1a2   P99
    D1a2a   P47
     D1a2a1   M533
     D1a2a1~  CTS852.2/PF4504.2, F1287, F1317, F1335, F1412.2, F1771, F1852, F1861.2, F2465, F2835, F2886, F2904, F2967, F3030, M3786, F4339/Y15405/Z34352, PH116/Y14736, PH153, PH232/Y14738, PH396, PH402, PH504/Y14740, PH460, PH648/Y14745, PH824/Y14777, PH893/Y14778, PH906/Y14779, PH937/Y14780, PH1154/Y14783, PH1245, PH1251, PH1281/Y14785, PH1384, PH1394/Y14787, PH1406/Y14788, PH1433/Y14790, PH1451, PH1587, PH1649/Y14797, PH1683, PH1922/Y14805, PH2008/Y14806, PH2062, PH2066, PH2151/Y14807, PH2427, PH2447/Y14810, PH2468/Y14811, PH2607, PH2661, PH2788, PH2795/Y14818, PH2803/Y14819, PH2951/Y14822, PH2974/Y14823, PH3088, PH3166/Y14824, PH3187/Y14825, PH3471, PH3475/Y14829, PH3517, PH3518, PH3654/Y14831, PH3737/Y14833, PH3762/Y14834, PH3831, PH3836/Y14836, PH3858, PH3915/Y14839, PH3936/Y14840, PH3955, PH3998, PH4001/Y14842, PH4246, PH4327, PH4337/Y14847, PH4528/Y14848, PH4533, PH4547/Y14849, PH4717/Y14850, PH4791/Y14852, PH4792, PH4860, PH4866/Y14857, PH4923, PH5000/Y14861, PH5123, PH5131/Y14868, PH5258, PH5290, PH5301, PH5403/Y14876, PH5446, S17259, SK553/Y14732, SK554/Y14761, SK556/Y14760, SK557/Y14759, SK558, SK559/Y14773, SK560/Y14772, SK561, Y14729/Z34142, Y14733/Z34145, Y14734/Z34147, Y14739/Z34156, Y14741/Z34158, Y14742/Z34159, Y14746/Z34161, Y14747/Z34166, Y14748/Z34168, Y14749/Z34169, Y14750/Z34171, Y14751/Z34172, Y14752/Z34174, Y14753/Z34175, Y14754/Z34176, Y14755/Z34177, Y14756/Z34178, Y14757/Z34181, Y14758/Z34184, Y14762/Z34185, Y14763/Z34186, Y14764/Z34187, Y14765/Z34189, Y14766/Z34190, Y14767/Z34191, Y14769/Z34197, Y14770/Z34198, Y14771/Z34201, Y14774/Z34209, Y14775/Z34210, Y14781/Z34221, Y14782/Z34222, Y14789/Z34225, Y14792/Z34228, Y14794/Z34229, Y14795/Z34230, Y14796/Z34232, Y14798/Z34234, Y14800/Z34237, Y14802/Z34242, Y14803/Z34243, Y14804/Z34244, Y14808/Z34247, Y14809/Z34252, Y14813/Z34253, Y14814/Z34255, Y14815/Z34256, Y14816/Z34259, Y14817/Z34260, Y14820/Z34261, Y14821/Z34263, Y14827/Z34268, Y14832/Z34270, Y14837/Z34273, Y14838/Z34274, Y14843/Z34278, Y14844/Z34279, Y14845/Z34280, Y14853/Z34296, Y14854/Z34297, Y14855/Z34301, Y14858/Z34304, Y14859/Z34306, Y14863/Z34308, Y14864/Z34310, Y14865/Z34311, Y14866/Z34314, Y14869/Z34325, Y14870/Z34326, Y14871/Z34327, Y14872/Z34328, Y14873/Z34329, Y14874/Z34331, Y14877/Z34334, Y14878/Z34340, Y14879/Z34341, Y14880/Z34343, Y14882/Z34345, Y14883/Z34347, Y14884/Z34348, Y14885/Z34349, Y14886/Z34354, Y14887/Z34355, Y14888/Z34357, Y15306/Z34309, Y15307/Z34337, Y15309/Z34199, Y15310/Z34200, Y15311/Z34254, Y15312/Z34276, Y15313/Z34277, Y15314/Z34295, Y15315/Z34298, Y15316/Z34299, Y15317/Z34300, Y15318/Z34307, Y15319/Z34335, Y15320/Z34339, Y15321/Z34353, Y15322/Z34275, Y15323/Z34146, Y15324/Z34148, Y15328/Z34195, Y15330/Z34155, Y15331/Z34157, Y15332/Z34162, Y15333/Z34163, Y15334/Z34164, Y15335/Z34165, Y15336/Z34167, Y15338/Z34170, Y15339/Z34173, Y15340/Z34179, Y15341/Z34180, Y15342/Z34182, Y15343/Z34183, Y15344/Z34192, Y15345/Z34193, Y15346/Z34194, Y15347/Z34202, Y15348/Z34204, Y15349/Z34211, Y15350/Z34212, Y15351/Z34219, Y15352/Z34220, Y15355/Z34224, Y15356/Z34226, Y15357/Z34227, Y15359/Z34231, Y15360/Z34233, Y15361/Z34235, Y15362/Z34236, Y15363/Z34238, Y15364/Z34239, Y15365/Z34240, Y15366/Z34246, Y15367/Z34250, Y15368/Z34251, Y15369/Z34257, Y15370/Z34258, Y15371/Z34262, Y15372/Z34264, Y15373/Z34265, Y15375/Z34266, Y15376/Z34267, Y15377/Z34269, Y15378/Z34271, Y15379/Z34272, Y15381/Z34282, Y15385/Z34292, Y15386/Z34293, Y15387/Z34294, Y15389/Z34302, Y15390/Z34303, Y15391/Z34312, Y15392/Z34313, Y15393/Z34315, Y15395/Z34316, Y15398/Z34330, Y15399/Z34332, Y15400/Z34333, Y15401/Z34338, Y15402/Z34342, Y15403/Z34344, Y15404/Z34350, Y15406/Z34356, Y15409/Z34160, Y15412/Z34241, Y15414/Z34305, Y15420/Z34188, Z34217, Z34218, Z34223, Z34248, Z34324, Z34346
      D1a2a1a~  Z34358, Z34359, Z34360, Z34361, Z34362
      D1a2a1b~  PH97, Z34364, Z34365 
      D1a2a1c~  Z42599, Z42600, Z42601, Z42602, Z42603
  D1b   M64.1/Page44.1, CTS69, CTS134/V1058, CTS323, CTS505/Z1586, CTS625/Z1587, CTS862, CTS865, CTS1158/Z3706, CTS1827, CTS1828, CTS1841, CTS1877, CTS1904, CTS1910,  CTS2109, CTS2191/Z1598, CTS2478, CTS2573, CTS2739, CTS2890/Z1600, CTS2960, CTS3177/V2557, CTS3371, CTS3621/V2806, CTS3651, CTS3715^, CTS3823/Z1602, CTS3940/Z1603, CTS4134, CTS4578, CTS4597, CTS4705^, CTS5281^/Z3741^, CTS5828, CTS5829, CTS6051, CTS6157, CTS6220, CTS6242, CTS6248, CTS6277, CTS6332, CTS6448/Z1611, CTS6494, CTS6594, CTS6655, CTS7089, CTS7093, CTS7106, CTS7165, CTS7214, CTS7317,  CTS7508, CTS7626, CTS8060, CTS8210, CTS8337, CTS8348, CTS8435, CTS8505^, CTS8581, CTS8744, CTS8922, CTS9097/Z1614,  CTS9134, CTS9203, CTS9246/V3485, CTS9525, CTS9627, CTS10087^, CTS10197, CTS10502/V4176/Z3820, CTS10703^, CTS10750, CTS10809, CTS10908, CTS10961^, CTS11124, CTS11125, CTS11308,  CTS11834, CTS11915, CTS12007, CTS13016, FGC6245/Y12560, FGC6246/Y12563, FGC6247/Y11725, FGC6251/Y11727, FGC6255/Y11719, FGC6276/Y12545, FGC6278/Y12564, FGC6289/SK543/V1917/Y11720, FGC6299/Y11722, FGC6326/V2498/Y11721, FGC8045/Y12550, L1377, M55, M57, M179/Page31, M359.1/P41.1, M9313^,  P37.1, P190, PF7315/Z1621, V1324/Z3713, V1474/Z3716, V2053/Z1593, V2233/Z3723, Z1589, Z1596, Z1615, Z1616, Z1617, Z3660^,  Z3708, Z3709, Z3710, Z3712, Z3714, Z3722.1/V2156.1, Z3724, Z3725, Z3726^, Z3729, Z3730^, Z3732,  Z3744, Z3749, Z3750, Z3751, Z3752, Z3753, Z3755, Z3756, Z3757, Z3759, Z3761, Z3763, Z3764, Z3766, Z3769, Z3770, Z3797, Z3798, Z3799, Z3783, Z3809
  D1b~  CTS12896, Z3738
   D1b1   M116.1, CTS2728, CTS3978, CTS5304/Z1461, CTS5674/Z1462, CTS5739, CTS6055/Z1463, CTS6238, CTS6485/Z1464, CTS6945, CTS8341, CTS8484, CTS8517, CTS8613, CTS8984, CTS9896/V3805, CTS9988, CTS10441, CTS10619, Z1465, Z1622, Z1624, Z1625, Z1626/V2126, Z2808/V1860, Z3830
    D1b1a   M125, CTS932, CTS1817, CTS1821, CTS4913, CTS9508/Z1627, CTS10445^, CTS10450/Z1628, CTS10536/Z1629, CTS11312, Z3657, Z3658, Z3659
    D1b1a~ IMS-JST75888-GC
      D1b1a1~ P42
      D1b1a1a   P12_1, P12_2, P12_3
      D1b1a2   IMS-JST022457, CTS107/IMS-JST055457
      D1b1a2~ CTS406/Z1474, CTS642. CTS1069/Z1475, CTS1107, CTS2112, CTS2337/Z3624, CTS2602/Z3627, CTS2902/Z1484, CTS3099/Z3628, CTS3768, CTS3791, CTS4461, CTS4827,  CTS4888,  CTS4996, CTS5041/Z1486, CTS5086/Z1487,CTS5355, CTS6394, CTS6625, CTS6886,  CTS7044/Z1488, CTS7471, CTS7889, CTS7899,  CTS7935/Z1489, CTS7962, CTS8540, CTS8583, CTS9051, CTS9061, CTS9120, CTS9149, CTS10074, CTS10103/Z1490, CTS10159/Z1491, CTS10417/S3421/Z1492, CTS10646/Z1493, CTS10919, CTS10933, CTS11186/Z1494, CTS11264, CTS11917/Z1495, CTS11928/Z1496, FGC6340, Z1476, Z1477, Z1478, Z1479, Z1480, Z1481, Z1483, Z3604, Z3609, Z3611, Z3612, Z3613, Z3614, Z3617, Z3618, Z3619, Z3620^, Z3633, Z3640, Z3641, Z3645, Z3653, Z3654, Z1485, ZS4109.2,
      D1b1a2a~  P53.2
      D1b1a2b   IMS-JST006841/Page3
       D1b1a2b1   CTS3397, CTS1982/Z1498, CTS3197, CTS4606/Z1499, Z3611, Z3642
       D1b1a2b1~  Z3643
        D1b1a2b1a  Z1500, CTS8181, CTS9242/Z1502, CTS10268, CTS10511/Z1503, Z1501, Z3603, Z3605, Z3607, Z3610, Z3617, Z3636, Z3651, Z14780
         D1b1a2b1a1  Z1504
         D1b1a2b1a1~ FGC6334.2/Y12565.2
          D1b1a2b1a1a  CTS8093
           D1b1a2b1a1a1  FGC6373
            D1b1a2b1a1a1a   L137.3
            D1b1a2b1a1a1a1~ Z40625, Z40626, Z40627, Z40628, Z40629
            D1b1a2b1a1a1a2~ CTS217, CTS1236, CTS2121, CTS2897, CTS6611
            D1b1a2b1a1a1a3~ Z38475, Z38477, Z38478, Z38379
            D1b1a2b1a1a1b~ FGC6372, FGC6382, FGC6383, FGC6384, FGC6385
            D1b1a2b1a1a1c~ CTS10649, Z31574, Z31575, Z31576, Z31577
           D1b1a2b1a1a1d~ Z40609, Z40610, Z40611, Z40612, Z40613
           D1b1a2b1a1a2~ Z40614, Z40615, Z40616, Z40617, Z40618 
           D1b1a2b1a1a3~ Z31543, Z31544, Z31545, Z31546, Z31547
           D1b1a2b1a1a4~ FGC30021, FGC30026, FGC30027, FGC30028, FGC30030
           D1b1a2b1a1a5~ Z31548, Z31549, Z31550, Z31551, Z31552
           D1b1a2b1a1a6~ Z31553, Z31554, Z31555, Z31556, Z31557
           D1b1a2b1a1a7~ CTS6223, PH182, Z31558, Z31559, Z31560
           D1b1a2b1a1a8~ CTS4093, CTS5107, Z31578, Z31579, Z31580 
           D1b1a2b1a1a9 Z40687
            D1b1a2b1a1a9a~ Z35641, Z35642, Z35643, Z35644, Z35645
            D1b1a2b1a1a9b~ Z40688, Z40689, Z40690, Z40691, Z43244  
         D1b1a2b1a1b~ FGC34008, Z43424, Z43425, Z43426, Z43427
         D1b1a2b1a1c~ Z45993, Z45994, Z45995, Z45996, Z45997  
          D1b1a2b1a1d~ CTS3327, CTS5058, CTS5592, CTS5659, V2058/Z886
         D1b1a2b1a2~ CTS266, CTS715, CTS3182, CTS7010
         D1b1a2b1a3~ Z40672, Z40673, Z40674, Z40675, Z40676  
        D1b1a2b1b~ CTS1372, CTS4307, CTS6341, CTS6436, CTS8302
       D1b1a2b2~  CTS5581, CTS6432, CTS8532, CTS8400, CTS10131
      D1b1a3  CTS10972, CTS291, CTS619, CTS1708, CTS1976, CTS2010, CTS2470, CTS4480, CTS4959, CTS6103, CTS6274, CTS7274, CTS7608, CTS8530, CTS9804, CTS10248, CTS11528, F3598, Z18499, Z18500, Z18517, Z18518, Z18519, Z18520, Z18522, Z18523, Z18524, Z18525, Z18526, Z18528, Z18529, Z18530, Z18531, Z18532, Z18533, Z18534, Z18535, Z18537, Z18538, Z18539, Z18540, Z18541, Z18547, Z18549, Z18550, Z18552, Z18554, Z18555, Z18556, Z18557, Z18558, Z18559, Z18560, Z18561, Z18562, Z18563, Z18564, Z18565, Z18566, Z18567, Z18568, Z18569, Z18570, Z18571, Z18572, Z18574, Z18575, Z18576, Z18577, Z18578, Z18588, Z18589, Z18590, Z18591, Z18592, Z18594, Z18595 
      D1b1a3a~  Z31538, Z31539, Z31540, Z31541, Z31542
      D1b1a3b~  CTS232, CTS1092, CTS2533, CTS3915, CTS4417
   D1b1b~ P120
    D1b1c  CTS6609^^
     D1b1c1  CTS1897/Z1574, CTS504/Z1569, CTS741, CTS906/Z1570, CTS2296/Y4234, CTS2798, CTS3097/V2547/Z1575, CTS3906, CTS4219, CTS4305, CTS4517/V3090, CTS6090, CTS7590/Z1576, CTS8368, CTS8666, CTS10807, V2017/Z1572, Y11736/Z14870,  Y11738/Z14878, Y12446/Z14874, Y12551/Z14880, Z1571, Z1578, Z1579, Z3838, Z3840, Z3844, Z3851,  Z14872, Z14877, Z14879
      D1b1c1a  CTS11032, CTS321/V1162/Z1528, CTS356/Z1532, CTS1228/Z1533, CTS2078/Z1547, CTS4617, CTS5862/Z1552, CTS6572/Z1554, CTS7398, CTS7999/Z1557, CTS8230, CTS9335, CTS9902, IMS-JST022456, PF7228, V1665/Y11742/Z14865, Y11744/Z14855, Y11745/Z14854, Y12548/Z14844, Y12552/Z14852, Y12559/Z14826,  Z1535, Z1539, Z1542,  Z1562, Z1564, Z14828, Z14848
      D1b1c1a~ CTS1670/Z1546, CTS6859, CTS9028, CTS10793/Z1566, Z1565, Z14823, Z14833, Z14831, Z14839, Z14846, Z14850, Z14851, Z14864
       D1b1c1a1  CTS218/V1105/Z1527, CTS321/V1162/Z1528, CTS621, CTS2378/Z1548, CTS2482, CTS3489/Z1549,  CTS3636/Z1550, CTS5307, CTS6303/Z1553, CTS6392, CTS7234/Z1555, CTS7543, CTS7615/Z1556, CTS8960/Z1558, CTS11048, CTS11071/Z1567, V1889/Z14824, V1958/Z14825, Z1534, Z1538, Z1540, Z1541, Z1560, Z1561, Z3834, Z3839, Z3841, Z3847, Z3849, Z3850, Z3854, Z3855, Z3856, Z14820, Z14829, Z14835, Z14836, Z14840, Z14841, Z14843, Z14845, Z14866
        D1b1c1a1a  CTS6909, CTS1614/Z1545, V1017/Z14802, V2396/Z14809, V3207/Z14812, Z14804, Z14805, Z14806, Z14807, Z14811, Z14814, Z14818
         D1b1c1a1a1~ CTS6969, CTS7163, CTS9289/V3503, CTS9991/V3882, CTS11484
         D1b1c1a1a2~ CTS9770, Z31525, Z31526, Z31527
        D1b1c1a1b  CTS3033, Z40671
         D1b1c1a1b1~ M2176, Z40683, Z40684, Z40685, Z40686
         D1b1c1a1b2~ CTS2472, CTS5748, CTS8217, Z5239.2
        D1b1c1a1c~  M151
      D1b1c1a2~  F8521.3/FGC12729.3/Z17920.3, Z31522, Z31523, Z31524
      D1b1c1b   CTS1964, CTS6511, M6525, Z14885, Z14886, Z14887, Z14888
       D1b1c1b1~  CTS974, CTS1403, CTS5944, CTS6451, CTS8619
       D1b1c1b2~  CTS722, Z31529, Z31530, Z31531, Z31532
      D1b1c1c   Z30644, BZ80.2/Z30654.2, Z30643, Z30645, Z30646, Z30647, Z30648, Z30649, Z30650, Z30651, Z30652, Z30653, Z30655, Z30656. Z30657, Z30658 
      D1b1c1c1~  CTS4292, CTS4572, CTS4799, CTS6500, CTS6569, CTS7059, CTS9263, Z30659, Z30660, Z30661, Z30662, Z30663, Z30664, Z30665, Z30666, Z30667, Z30668, Z30669, Z30670, Z30671, Z30672, Z30673
       D1b1c1c1a~  Z31517, Z31518, Z31519, Z31520, Z31521
      D1b1c1c1b~  CTS1798, CTS2826, CTS4331, CTS5894, CTS6005
      D1b1c1c2~  Z31512, Z31513, Z31514, Z31515
     D1b1c1d~  CTS5641, CTS5972
      D1b1c1e~  CTS429, CTS856/M826
    D1b1c2  CTS103, CTS166, CTS703, CTS2493, CTS3335, CTS5028, CTS6062, CTS6066, CTS7617, CTS8352, CTS9327, CTS10304, Z42421, Z42422, Z42423, Z42424, Z42425, Z42426, Z42427, Z42428, Z42429, Z42430, Z42431, Z42432, Z42433, Z42434, Z42435, Z42436, Z42437, Z42438, Z42439, Z42440, Z42441, Z42442, Z42443, Z42444, Z42445, Z42446, Z42447, Z42448, Z42449, Z42450, Z42451, Z42452, Z42453, Z42454, Z42455, Z42456, Z42457, Z42458, Z42459, Z42460, Z42461
      D1b1c2a~  Z42462, Z42463, Z42464, Z42465, Z42466
      D1b2  CTS131, CTS881/Z1517, CTS1352, CTS1592, CTS2098/Z1520, CTS2712, CTS2820, CTS3798, CTS3808, CTS3879, CTS4645/Z1521, CTS6144, CTS6908, CTS7467, CTS8057/Z1523, CTS8075, CTS8327, CTS8635, CTS9143, CTS11368,  Z1518, Z1519, Z1524, Z1526,  Z3810, Z3811, Z3823, Z3824, Z3832, Z3833, Z14794, Z14796, Z14797, Z17170
     D1b2a  CTS220, CTS709, CTS1333, CTS1439/Z1505, CTS3320/Z1508, CTS4158/Z1509, CTS5941, CTS6287/Z1510, CTS6342/Z1511, CTS10054,  L495.2/Z2788.2, Z1506, Z1514, Z3807, Z3814, Z3819, Z14782, Z14785, Z14786, Z14787, Z14789, Z14790,  Z14792, Z17172, Z17174
     D1b2a~  CTS5302, CTS10126, CTS11474, Z17175, Z38247, Z38248
     D1b2a1  CTS10495, Z17173, Z17176 
      D1b2a1a~ Z31507, Z31508, Z31509, Z31510, Z31511
      D1b2a1b~ CTS624, CTS2568, CTS3391, CTS3408, CTS4063
     D1b2a2  CTS11285, CTS2963. Z17254, Z17255, Z17256, Z17257, Z17258
     D1b2a2~ Z38252, Z38253, Z38257, Z38282, Z38283
      D1b2a2a  PH2316, SK545, SK546, Z38250, Z38251, Z38254, Z38255, Z38256, Z38258, Z38259, Z38260, Z38261, Z38262, Z38263, Z38264, Z38265, Z38266, Z38267, Z38268, Z38269, Z38270, Z38271, Z38272, Z38273, Z38274, Z38275, Z38276, Z38277, Z38278, Z38279, Z38280, Z38281 
       D1b2a2a1 Z38287
      D1b2a2a1a~ Z38284, Z38285, Z38286, Z38288
      D1b2a2a2~ Z38289, Z38290, Z38291, Z38292, Z38293
      D1b2a2b  CTS288, CTS794, CTS1442, CTS3206, CTS3366, CTS4282, CTS4375, CTS5003, CTS5654, CTS5771, CTS5876, CTS5960, CTS6468, CTS8207, CTS8416, CTS9858, CTS10102, CTS11887, L972.2/M228.2, Z40646, Z40647, Z40648, Z40649, Z40650, Z40651, Z40652, Z40653, Z40654, Z40655, Z40656, Z40657, Z40658, Z40659, Z40660, Z40661, Z40662, Z40663, Z40664 
      D1b2a2b1~ CTS1815, CTS2247, CTS10898, CTS11780 
      D1b2a2b2~ Z40665, Z40666, Z40667, Z40668, Z40669
     D1b2b~ CTS68, CTS243, CTS318, CTS353, CTS580
  D2  L1378, FGC8832, FGC8833, FGC8834, FGC8835, FGC8837, FGC8842, FGC8845, FGC8846, FGC8847, FGC8930, FGC8932, FGC8936, FGC8939, FGC8941, FGC8943, FGC8948, FGC8951, FGC8953, FGC8954, FGC8955, FGC8956, FGC8957, FGC8958, FGC8959, FGC8960, FGC8962, FGC8963, FGC8964. FGC8965, FGC8966, FGC8967, FGC8969, FGC8971, FGC8972, FGC8973, FGC8975, FGC8977, FGC8978, FGC8979, FGC8980, FGC8986, FGC8988, FGC8989, FGC8990, FGC8991, FGC8992, FGC8997, FGC8998, FGC9000, FGC9004, FGC9007, FGC9010, FGC9011, FGC9018, FGC9019, FGC9020, FGC9021, FGC9022, FGC9023, FGC9044, FGC9046, FGC9047, FGC9059, FGC9062, FGC9066, FGC9069/YP3970, FGC9071, FGC9072, FGC9075, FGC9078, FGC9079, FGC9080, FGC9083, FGC9084, FGC9085, FGC9086, FGC9089, FGC9091, FGC9093, FGC9094, FGC9095, FGC9096, FGC9099, FGC9102, FGC9105, FGC9106, FGC9109, FGC9112, FGC9113, FGC9114, FGC9116, FGC9117, FGC9119, FGC9121.1/SK1924.1, FGC9124, FGC9125, FGC9128, FGC9129, FGC9130, FGC9131, FGC9132, FGC9138, FGC9139, FGC9140, FGC9142, FGC9144, FGC9145, FGC9146, FGC9147, FGC9150, FGC9152, FGC9153, FGC9154, FGC9155, FGC9158, FGC9159, FGC9160, FGC9161, FGC9162, FGC9163, FGC9166, FGC9167, FGC9168, FGC9170, FGC9172, FGC9175, FGC9180, FGC9181, FGC9184, FGC9187, FGC9189, FGC9190, FGC9195, FGC9200, FGC9202, FGC9203, FGC9206, FGC9207, FGC9209, FGC9210, FGC9211, FGC9212, FGC9216, FGC9217, FGC9221, FGC9222, FGC9223, FGC9224, FGC9226, FGC9230, FGC9231, FGC9232, FGC9234.2/ZS4873.2, FGC9238, FGC9239, FGC9242, FGC9243, FGC9244, FGC9246, FGC9247, FGC9248, FGC9249, FGC9253, FGC9254, FGC9257, FGC9260, FGC9261, FGC9265, FGC9266, FGC9268, FGC9269, FGC9270, FGC9274, FGC9277, FGC9278, FGC9279, FGC9281, FGC9286, FGC9289, FGC9290. FGC9291, FGC9292, FGC9293, FGC9294, FGC9295, FGC9297, FGC9301, FGC9306, FGC9307, FGC9308, FGC9310, FGC9341, FGC9344, FGC9345, FGC9346, FGC9352, FGC9353, FGC9356, FGC9357, FGC9358, FGC9359, FGC9360, FGC9361, FGC9362, FGC9362, FGC9369, FGC9370, FGC9371, FGC9372, FGC9373, FGC9375, FGC9376, FGC9378, FGC9379, FGC9380, FGC9381, FGC9382, FGC9383, FGC9385, FGC9387, FGC9390, FGC9392, FGC9393, FGC9394, FGC9395, FGC9396, FGC9397, FGC9417, M226.2, S21013, Z29921, Z29922, Z29923, Z29924, Z29925, Z29926, Z29927, Z29929, Z29931, Z29932, Z29934, Z29935, Z29936, Z29943, Z29943, Z29944, Z29951
   D2a~ FGC8848, FGC9082, FGC9087, FGC9122, FGC9151
   D2b~ FGC8940, FGC8961


Y-DNA haplogroup D is seen primarily in Central Asia, Southeast Asia, and in Japan and was established approximately 50,000 years ago.  The high frequency of haplogroup D in Tibet (about 50%) and in Japan (about 35%) implies some early migratory connection between these areas. Examination of the genetic diversity seen in subgroup D1b-M64.1 in Japan implies that this group has been isolated in Japan for between 12,000-20,000 years. The highest frequencies of D1b-M64.1 in Japan are seen among the Ainu and the Ryukyuans. 

Geographic distribution so far of ancestry of modern-day haplogroup D subgroup men (not complete):

D1a1 - M15 
       PH4979   Russia, China, Japan
       Z31591    Nepal (Tamangs), Kazakhstan, China (Yi)
       F1070      China
D1a2 - P99
                        Kazakhstan, Mongolia
D1b- M64.1
                       Japan, Korea
D2 - L1366
Studies have also reported samples from unspecificed D subgroups in southeastern Asia.


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Cruciani et al, A Back Migration from Asia to Sub-Saharan Africa Is Supported by High-Resolution Analysis of Human Y-Chromosome Haplotypes. American Journal of Human Genetics, 70:1197-1214, 2002.
Cruciani et al, Phylogeographic Analysis of Haplogroup E3b (E-M215) Y Chromosomes Reveals Multiple Migratory Events Within and Out of Africa. (pdf) American Journal of Human Genetics, 74:1014-1022, 2004.
Deng et al, Evolution and Migration History of the Chinese Population Inferred from the Chinese Y-chromosome Evidence. (pdf) Journal of Human Genetics, 49:339-348, 2004.
Ewis et al, Two Y-chromosome-specific polymorphisms 12f2 and DFFRY in the Japanese population and their relations to other Y-polymorphisms, The Journal of Medical Investigation, 49(1-2):44-50, 2001.
Gayden et al, The Himalayas as a Directional Barrier to Gene Flow. American Journal of Human Genetics, 80(5):884-894, 2007.
Hammer et al, Dual Origins of the Japanese: Common Ground for Hunter-gatherer and Farmer Y Chromosomes. (abstract) Journal of Human Genetics, 51:47-58, 2006.
Karafet et al, New Binary Polymorphisms Reshape and Increase Resolution of the Human Y-Chromosomal Haplogroup Tree. Abstract. Genome Research, published online April 2, 2008. Supplementary Material.
Karafet et al, Paternal Population History of East Asia: Sources, Patterns, and Microevolutionary Processes. (pdf) American Journal of Human Genetics, 69:615-628, 2001.
Karmin et al, A Recent Bottleneck of Y chromosome Diversity Coincides with a Global Change in Culture. Genome Research, doi: 10.1101/gr.186684.114, published online March 13, 2015.
Li et al, Paternal Genetic Affinity between Western Austronesians and Daic Populations BMC Evolutionary Biology, Vo. 15(8), p. 146, 2008.
Naitoh S, et al, Assignment of Y-chromosomal SNPs Found in Japanese Population to Y-chromosomal Haplogroup tree. Journal of Human Genetics, 2013 Feb 7. doi: 10.1038/jhg.2012.159, 2013.
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Rozen et al, Remarkably Little Variation in Proteins Encoded by the Y Chromosome's Single-Copy Genes, Implying Effective Purifying Selection. American Journal of Human Genetics. 2009 December 11; 85(6): 923-928.
Sengupta et al, Polarity and Temporality of High Resolution Y-chromosome Distributions in India Identify Both Indigenous and Exogenous Expansions and Reveal Minor Genetic Influence of Central Asian Pastoralists. (pdf) American Journal of Human Genetics, 78:202-221, 2006.
Shi et al, Y-Chromosome Evidence of Earliest Modern Human Settlement in East Asia and Multiple Origins of Tibetan and Japanese Populations. (abstract) BMC Biology 2008, 6:45, 2008.
Su et al, Y-Chromosome Evidence of Earliest Modern Human Settlement in East Asia and Multiple Origins of Tibetan and Japanese Populations. (abstract) BMC Biology 2008, 6:45, 2008.
Tajima et al, Genetic Origins of the Ainu Inferred from Combined DNA Analyses of Maternal and Paternal Lineages, Journal of Human Genetics, 49:187-93, 2004.
Thangaraj et al, Genetic Affinities of the Andaman Islanders, a Vanishing Human Population. (pdf) Current Biology, 13:86-93, 2003.
Xue et al, A Spatial Analysis of Genetic Structure of Human Populations in China Reveals Distinct Difference between Maternal and Paternal Lineages. European Journal of Human Genetics, 16:705-17, 2008.

Additional Resources:
ISOGG Wiki - What you need to know about Genetic Genealogy.
D Haplogroup (YDNA) Project, Ray Banks.

Corrections/Additions made since 1 January 2018:

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