Y-DNA Haplogroup G and its Subclades - 2017

The entire work is identified by the Version Number and date given on the Main Page. Directions for citing the document are given at the bottom of the Main Page.

Version History     Last revision date for this specific page: 25 March 2017

Because of continuing research, the structure of the Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree changes and ISOGG does its best to keep the tree updated with the latest developments in the field. The viewer may observe other versions of the tree on the Web. Email Ray Banks if the differences need clarification or if you find any broken links on this page.

LINKS:  Main Page   Y-DNA Tree Trunk    SNP Index    Papers/Presentations Cited    Glossary   Listing Criteria
FONT COLORS:  Newly confirmed in 2017 within subclade  Confirmed within subclade  Investigational items 

^ Indicates a next-generation sequencing entry which does not yet meet quality guidelines for minimum number of reads.
^^ Indicates an entry which does not meet quality guidelines but may be helpful.
~ Indicates only an approximate location on the tree.

The criteria for a representative SNP printed in bold for a subclade is: traditional usage, testing one in multiple labs, and/or being found in the area of the chromosome used in recent research studies.

SNPs listed below in italics (colored black or red) are quality variants from next-generation sequencing reports consistently showing as representing that subgroup.

DID YOU NOTICE that the items in gray sometimes have a long name preceding their listing that is the same as just above?  In this situation, evidence seems to indicate they also belong to the same subgroup, but some confirmatory evidence is not yet available.

Contact Person for Haplogroup G: Ray Banks

G   M201/PF2957, CTS34/M3442/PF2780, CTS175/M3226/PF2782, CTS189/M3444, CTS282/M3445, CTS373/M3448, CTS440/M3233/PF2842, CTS692/M3452, CTS827/M3454/PF2847, CTS995/M3455, CTS1010/PF2848, CTS1013/M3242/PF2849, CTS1029/M3456/PF2850, CTS1139/M3458/PF2852, CTS1259/M3459/Z3182, CTS1283/M3461/PF2855, CTS1437/M3462/PF2856, CTS1574, CTS1612/M3500/PF2923, CTS1613/M3501/PF2924, CTS1750/PF2927, CTS1997/M3508/PF2933, CTS2016.1/M3509.1/PF2934.1, CTS2120/M3510/PF2935, CTS2125/M3511, CTS2126/M3512, CTS2136/M3513/PF2938, CTS2174/M3515/PF2939, CTS2215/M3287/PF2940, CTS2251/M3289, CTS2271/M3516, CTS2357/M3517/PF2943, CTS2506/M3519/PF2945, CTS2517/M3520/PF2946, CTS2624/M3522, CTS4101/M3526/PF2963, CTS4238/M3528/PF2966, CTS4479/PF2973, CTS4523/M3311/PF2974, CTS4613/M3532/PF2975, CTS4749/M3534/PF2977, CTS4761/M3535/PF2978, CTS4887/M3536/PF2979, CTS5317/M3537, CTS5414/M3538/PF2981, CTS5498/M3539/PF2982, CTS5504/M3322/PF2983, CTS5640/L1342/M3540, CTS5658/M3541/PF2985, CTS5699/M3542, CTS5757/M3328/PF2989, CTS5837/M3543/PF2990, CTS6073/M3544/PF2992, CTS6483/M3547/PF2996, CTS6807/M3550, CTS6894/PF3003, CTS6936/M3552/PF3004, CTS6957/M3553/PF3005, CTS7092/M3555/PF3006, CTS7269/M3557, CTS7388/M3558/PF3009, CTS7674/M3562/PF3015, CTS7929/M3563/PF3016, CTS8023/M3564/PF3017, CTS8531/M3565, CTS8717/M3566, CTS9011/M3567/PF3024, CTS9190/M3568/PF3025, CTS9593/M3570, CTS9641/M3367/PF3030, CTS9707/M3571/PF3031, CTS9710/M3572/PF3032, CTS9894/PF3036/M3574, CTS10026/PF3037/M3575, CTS10280/PF3039/M3577, CTS10393/PF3041/M3379, CTS10706, CTS10721/M3611, CTS10723/M3612, CTS10824/M3613/PF3097, CTS10945/M3206, CTS11185/M3616/PF3100, CTS11228/M3618, CTS11294/L769/PF3104, CTS11331/M3620, CTS11400/M3621/PF3106, CTS11529/M3622, CTS11670, CTS11907/M3424/PF3113, CTS11911/M3623/PF3114, CTS12040/M3624/PF3115, CTS12309/PF3127, CTS12654/M3631/PF3129, CTS13035/PF3133, F2076/L524/PF3136, F3359/M3614/PF3098, F3496/M3625/PF3118, L116/PF2955/S284, L154/PF3139, L269/PF3135, L382/M3523/PF2951, L402, F1131/L519, F1383/L520/PF2892, F1551/L521/PF2899, L522/PF3011, F2906/L523/PF3027, L605/PF3023, L770, L836, L837, L1258, L1407/Z3439, M3248/PF2859, M3257/PF2871, M3258/PF2872, M3264/PF2878, M3266/PF2881, M3274/PF2896/Z3218, M3387/PF3048, M3402/Z6110, M3432/PF3117, M3450/PF2844, M3463/PF2857, M3464/PF2858, M3466/PF2861, M3468/Z3192, M3470/PF2865, M3471/PF2866, M3472/PF2867, M3473/PF2868, M3474/PF2869, M3476/PF2873, M3477/PF2875, M3478/PF2876, M3479/PF2877, M3480/PF2879, M3481/PF2880, M3482/PF2884, M3485/PF2888, M3486/PF2889, M3487/PF2890, M3489/Z3215, M3490/PF2894, M3494/Z3226, M3495/PF2902 M3507/PF2932, M3514/PF3265, M3580/PF3046, M3582/PF3049, M3583/PF3050, M3585/PF3052, M3586/PF3053, M3587/PF3054, M3588/PF3057, M3591/PF3061, M3593/PF3063, M3595/PF3065, M3597/PF3069, M3598/Z3284, M3599/PF3070, M3600/PF3071, M3603/PF3075, M3604/PF3076/S7530, M3605/PF3077, M3608/PF3092, M3609/PF3094, M3619/PF3103, M3627/PF3121, M3628/PF3122, M3633/Z3561, P257/PF2950/U6, Page94/PF3137/U17, PF2815, PF2816, PF2817, PF2819, PF2821, PF2831, PF2836, PF2837, PF2901, PF2907, PF2908, PF2910, PF2918, PF2920, PF2952/S314/U2, PF2956/U3, PF2958/U7, PF3022, PF3045, PF3123, PF3134/U33, U12, U20, U21, U23, Z3201, Z3239, Z3258/S1435, Z3262, Z3349, Z6106, Z6107, Z6115, Z6325
G1   M342, CTS5933, F858, F1218, F2447, F2498, F2853, F3062, F4154, F4232, F4262, F4341, L833, M285, Z3176, Z3200, Z3231, Z3252, Z3308, Z3322, Z3327, Z3344, Z3393, Z3419, Z17861, Z17862, Z17863, Z17864, Z17865, Z17866, Z17867, Z17868, Z17869, Z17872, Z17873
G1~ Z3044, Z3045, Z3225, Z3302, Z3310, Z3341, Z3342, Z3368, Z3552
  G1a   CTS11562, F1761, F2376, F4297
   G1a1   Z3353, GG133/Y11754/Z26917, GG148/Y11757
    G1a1a   L1324, BY1523/GG140/Y12269, BY2277/GG152/Y12275, GG101/Y12757, GG102/Y12771, GG103/Y12772, GG104/Y12758, GG105/Y12738, GG106/Y12779, GG107/Y12739, GG108/Y12755, GG109/Y12247, GG110/Y12248, GG111/Y12249, GG112/Y12735, GG113/Y12749, GG114/Y12774, GG115/Y12768, GG117/Y12753, GG118/Y12250, GG119/Y12769, GG120, GG121/Y12251, GG122/Y12750, GG123/Y12734, GG124/Y12754, GG125/Y12256, GG126/Y12725, GG127/Y12258, GG128/Y12259, GG129/Y12737, GG130/Y12770, GG131/Y12726, GG132/Y12728, GG135/Y12729, GG136/Y12263, GG137/Y12264, GG138/Y12266, GG141/Y12763, GG142/Y12775, GG143/Y12776, GG144/Y12733, GG145/Y12764, GG146/Y12743, GG149/Y12272, GG150/Y12273, L1325, L1327, L1414, Y12270, Y12271, Y12731/Z34107, Y12732/Z34109, Y12745/Z34110, Y12746/Z34106, Y12761/Z34112, Y12762/Z34111
     G1a1a1   L201
  G1a1a1a~ FGC39025, FGC39050
     G1a1a2   L1323
     G1a1a2~ GG134/L1413/Y12767, PH4611.2, Y12254.2, Y12255.2, Z34088
      G1a1a2a~ GG93/Y12744
       G1a1a2a1~ GG97
       G1a1a2a2~ GG98, GG100
       G1a1a2a3~ GG92
      G1a1a2b~ GG90
      G1a1a2c~ GG86, GG87, GG88, GG89
      G1a1a2d~ FGC31693/GG74, GG71, GG72, GG73, GG75
      G1a1a2e~ GG76, GG77, GG78, GG79, GG80/PH5269/Y14114
      G1a1a2f~ GG81, GG83, GG84, GG85
      G1a1a2g~ GG65, GG66, GG67, GG68, GG69
     G1a1a3~ GG1, GG3, GG4, GG5, GG6
     G1a1a4~ Y14914/Z34108, Y15522, Y15523, Y15525/Z34100, Y15526/Z34101, Y15527/Z34102, Y15528/Z34103, Y15530, Y15531, Y15532/Z34090, Y15533/Z34091, Y15534/Z34092, Y15535/Z34093, Y15536/Z34094, Y15537/Z34095, Y15538/Z34096, Y15539/Z35065, Z35060
      G1a1a4a~ Y15524/Z34099, Y15540/Z34098, Z34089, Z35067
       G1a1a4a1~ Z35053, Z34054, Z35055, Z35056
       G1a1a4a2~ Z35057, Z35058, Z35059
      G1a1a4b~ Z35061, Z35062, Z35063, Z35064
    G1a1b   GG362/Z3189, GG371/Z3313, Z3257, Z3325^, Z3509
     G1a1b1~ Z26332, Z26333, Z26334, Z26335
      G1a1b1a~ Z31483, Z31484, Z31485, Z31486, Z31488, Z31489, Z31490, Z31491
     G1a1b2~ Z31492, Z31493, Z31495, Z31496
   G1a2   GG313, GG314, GG315, GG317, GG318/PH1487/PH1487, GG319, GG320, GG321, GG322, GG323/PH4366.2, GG324, GG326, GG327, GG328
    G1a2a   GG162, GG163, GG164, GG165, GG166, GG167, GG168, GG169, GG170, GG171, GG172, GG177, GG178, GG181, GG182, GG183, GG184, GG185, GG186, GG187, GG188, GG189, GG190, GG191, GG192, GG193, GG194, GG195, GG196, GG197, GG198, GG199, GG200, GG201, GG202, GG203, GG204, GG205, GG206, GG207, GG208, GG211, GG212, GG213, GG214, GG215, GG216, GG218, GG219, L76.2/M8964.2
     G1a2a1~ GG157, GG158, GG159, GG160, GG161
      G1a2a1a~ GG153
      G1a2a1b~ GG155, GG156
    G1a2b   GG265, GG266, GG267, GG268, GG269, GG270, GG271, GG272, GG273, GG274, GG275, GG276, GG277, GG278, GG279, GG280, GG281/PH1532, GG282, GG283, GG284, GG285, GG286, GG287, GG288, GG289/PH3282, GG290, GG291, GG292/PH4002, GG293, GG294, GG295/PH4334, GG296, GG297, GG298, GG299, GG300, GG301, GG302/PH4981, GG303, GG304, GG305, GG307, GG308/PH5356, GG309, GG310, GG311, GG312, M7601, Y2614.2
     G1a2b1~ GG264
      G1a2b1a~ GG245, GG246, GG247
      G1a2b1b~ GG232, GG234, GG235, GG236, GG237
      G1a2b1c~ GG260, GG261, GG262, GG263
       G1a2b1c1~ GG258, GG259
       G1a2b1c2~ GG250, GG251, GG257
     G1a2b2~ GG223, GG226
   G1a3~ A454.2/ZS1981.2, F2885, FGC7391.2, FGC30547.2/ZS5764.2
  G1b   L830, L831, L832, L834, L835
  G1b~ FGC3921.2, Y5798/Z18786, Y16799, Z17877, Z17878, Z17879, Z17880, Z17881, Z17882, Z17883, Z18722, Z18726, Z18727, Z18728, Z18729, Z18730, Z18731, Z18732, Z18733, Z18734, Z18735, Z18736, Z18737, Z18740, Z18743, Z18744, Z18746, Z18747, Z18749, Z18750, Z18751, Z18752, Z18753, Z18754, Z18755, Z18757, Z18758, Z18759, Z18760, Z18761, Z18762, Z18763, Z18764, Z18765, Z18766, Z18767, Z18768, Z18769, Z18770, Z18771, Z18772, Z18773, Z18774, Z18775, Z18776, Z18777, Z18778, Z18779, Z18780, Z18781, Z18782, Z18787, Z18788, Z18789, Z18790, Z18791, Z18792, Z18793, Z18794, Z18796, Z18797, Z18799, Z18800, Z18801, Z18806, Z18808, Z18809, Z18812, Z18813, Z18814, Z18815, Z18816, Z18817, Z18818, Z18820, Z36333, Z36334, Z36335, Z36336, Z36337, Z36338
   G1b1   Z17874, Z17875, Z17876
    G1b1a   Z18606
    G1b1a~ Z18607
    G1b1b   Z30744, Z30745, Z30746
    G1b1b~ Z36330, Z36331, Z36332, Z36339
G2   P287/PF3140, CTS1868//M3284/PF2929, CTS1900/M3506/PF2931, CTS2406/M3518/PF2944, CTS2593/M3521/PF2947, CTS4136/M3527/PF2964, CTS4242/M3529/PF2967, CTS4264/M3530/PF2968, CTS4413/M3531/PF2971, CTS4703/M3533/PF2976, CTS5666/M3325/PF2986, CTS6316/M3545, CTS6692/M3548/PF2998, CTS6742/M3549/PF2999, CTS7430/M3559/PF3010, CTS7662/M3561/PF3014, CTS9885/M3573/PF3035, CTS10089/M3576/PF3038, CTS11016/M3615/PF3099, CTS11196/M3617/PF3101, F744/M3229/PF2785, F1189/M3267/PF2883, F1239/M3483/PF2886, F1294/M3484/PF2887, F1393/M3270/PF2893, F1647/PF2904, F2319/L496/M3546/PF2995, F3070/M3578/PF3042, F3198/M3584, F3220/M3592, F3226/M3594/PF3064, F3344/M3610/PF3095, F3536/M3626/PF3120, L89/M3475/PF3138, L156/PF3002, M3273/PF2895, M3276/PF2903, M3446/PF2839, M3447/PF2840, M3465/PF2860, M3469/PF2864, M3488/PF2891, M3491/PF2897, M3493/PF2898, M3579/Y346/Z6103, M3581/PF3047, M3607/PF3091, PF2830, PF2909, PF3093, PF3119, PF3125, Y380/Z6474, Z3237
  G2a   P15/PF3112, CTS32/PF2779, CTS211/M3227/PF2783, CTS1879/PF2930, CTS5416/M3320, CTS6026/M3331/PF2991, CTS6314/M3334, CTS6630/M3340/PF2997, CTS6753/M3342/PF3000, CTS9318/M3362/PF3026, CTS11463/M3421/PF3108, CTS11627/PF3110, F1975/PF2969/M3307, F1980/M3309/PF2972, F2274/M3333/PF2993, F2301/M3335/PF2994, F2529/M3348/PF3013, F3088/PF3043, F3734/M3428/PF3116, F4086/M3251/PF2863, L31/PF3142/S149, L1341, M3393/PF3056, M3397/PF3060, M3401/PF3066, M3408/PF3073, PF3079, PF3141/U5, Z3240
   G2a1   FGC7535/SK1106/Z6552, FGC585/SK1113/Z6529, FGC586/Z6544, FGC589/Z6532, FGC597/SK1109/Z6556, FGC607/Z6571, FGC622/Z6584, FGC633/Z6735, FGC635/Z6738, FGC666/Z6627, FGC682/Z6647, FGC748/Z6704, FGC769/Z6737, FGC1027/Z6557, FGC7538/Z6566, FGC7542/SK1112/Z6594, FGC7546/Z6606
    G2a1a   FGC595/Z6553 , FGC569/Z6710, FGC587/Z6530, FGC588/Z6531, FGC590/Z6533, FGC591/Z6534, FGC592/Z6546, FGC593/Z6548, FGC594/Z6707, FGC598/Z6559, FGC601/Z6709, FGC602/Z6562, FGC603/Z6565, FGC604/Z6568, FGC605/Z6569, FGC606/SK1107/Z6570, FGC608^/Z6572^, FGC609/Z6683, FGC610/Z6681, FGC611^/Z6684^, FGC612/Z6573, FGC613/Z6574, FGC615/Z6576, FGC616/Z6577, FGC617/Z6578, FGC618/Z6579, FGC620/Z6580, FGC621^/Z6583^, FGC623/Z6585, FGC624/Z6586, FGC625/Z6591, FGC626/Z6592, FGC627/Z6712, FGC628/Z6597, FGC634/Z6605, FGC639/Z6610, FGC644/Z6615, FGC673/Z6631, FGC688/Z6708, FGC739/Z6698, FGC754/Z6715, FGC764/Z6733, FGC7528/Z6713, FGC7530/Z6588, FGC7531/Z6551, FGC7533/Z6547, FGC7534/Z6590, FGC7536/Z6555, FGC7537/Z6545, FGC7543/Z6589, FGC7545/Z6561, FGC7547, M7635, SK1115/Z6582
    G2a1a~ FGC614/Z6575, FGC636/Z6607, FGC638/Z6609, FGC641/Z6612, FGC7544/Z6587, FGC7582/Z6719, FGC7583/Z6598, FGC7584/Z6581
     G2a1a1   FGC693/Z6653, FGC645/Z6616, FGC667/Z6628, FGC670/Z6629, FGC678/Z6644, FGC680/Z6646, FGC684/Z6648, FGC685/Z6649, FGC699/Z6671, FGC703/Z6674, FGC707/Z6711, FGC708/Z6675, FGC712/Z6676, FGC714/Z6678, FGC727/Z6690, FGC735/SK1114/Z6682, FGC737/Z6696, FGC741/Z6699, FGC742/Z6700, FGC743/Z6701, FGC746/Z6702, FGC747/Z6703, FGC757/SK1111/Z6717, FGC759/Z6718, FGC762/Z6725, FGC768/Z6736, FGC771/Z6739, FGC774/Z6742, FGC776/Z6744, FGC781/Z6747, FGC1080/Z6746
     G2a1a1~ FGC700/Z6672, FGC720/Z6685, FGC736/Z6695, FGC755/Z6716, FGC773/Z6740, FGC1073/Z6741, FGC7532/Z8010
     G2a1a1a   FGC715/Z6679, FGC733/Z6693
       G2a1a1a1   Z6638, FGC701/Z16581, FGC3797/Z8013, Z6632, Z6634, Z6635, Z6637, Z6643, Z6650, Z6661, Z6670, Z6691, Z6692, Z6697, Z6706, Z6714, Z6720, Z6728, Z6734
        G2a1a1a1a   FGC713/Z6677
         G2a1a1a1a1   FGC766/Z8014, FGC671/Z6640, FGC694/Z6654, FGC725/Z6687, FGC734/Z6694
          G2a1a1a1a1a   FGC750^/Z7962^, Z7960^
          G2a1a1a1a1a1   FGC724/Z7940, Z7961, Z8011
            G2a1a1a1a1a1a   Z7944, FGC3768
            G2a1a1a1a1a1a~ Z7942, Z7945
             G2a1a1a1a1a1a1   Z7943
              G2a1a1a1a1a1a1a   Z7941
             G2a1a1a1a1a1a2~ Z39665, Z39666, Z39667, Z39668, Z39669
            G2a1a1a1a1a1b   FGC719
             G2a1a1a1a1a1b1   FGC668/Z7947, FGC672/Z7948, FGC677/Z16565, FGC679/GG330, FGC681, FGC697/Z7950, FGC717/Z16568, FGC718/Z16569, FGC723/Z16571, FGC729/Z16572, FGC730/Z16573, FGC745/Z16574, FGC756/Z16575, FGC758/GG337, FGC767/Z16576, FGC770/Z16577, FGC772/GG342, FGC775/Z16578
              G2a1a1a1a1a1b1a   FGC705
              G2a1a1a1a1a1b1a~ FGC674/Z7949
               G2a1a1a1a1a1b1a1~ A199/B300, A200, A201, A205
              G2a1a1a1a1a1b1b~ B375, Z31226, Z31227
            G2a1a1a1a1a1c   Z40550, Z40551
             G2a1a1a1a1a1c1~ L267.2, Z31303, Z31304, Z31306
             G2a1a1a1a1a1c2~ Z40552, Z40553, Z40554, Z40555, Z40556
           G2a1a1a1a1a2~ Z31459, Z31460, Z31461, Z31462, Z31463
          G2a1a1a1a1b   FGC1047/Z7952
          G2a1a1a1a1b~ Z7955
            G2a1a1a1a1b1   FGC1048/Z7953, FGC1049/Z7954
            G2a1a1a1a1b1~ FGC1068/Z6595
        G2a1a1a1b~ CTS8481.1, Z31223, Z31224, Z31225
       G2a1a1a2   FGC1160, FGC1119, FGC1159
        G2a1a1a2a   Z6673, FGC1123, FGC1126, FGC1132, FGC1137, FGC1147, Z6642, Z6680, Z6705
         G2a1a1a2a1   FGC1107
        G2a1a1a2b~ Z31219
         G2a1a1a2b1~ B296, Z31216, Z31217, Z31218, Z31220
        G2a1a1a2c~ Z29311, Z29312, Z29313, Z29314, Z30782
     G2a1a1b   Z31455, Z31458, Z40147, Z40148, Z40149, Z40150, Z40151, Z43181, Z43182
       G2a1a1b1~ Z31456, Z31457, ZS5095
       G2a1a1b2  Z25119.2, Y7015.2/Z27917.2, YP3996.2, Z40153, Z40154, Z40155, Z40156, Z43183, Z43184, Z43185, Z43187, Z43188, Z43189, Z43190, Z43191, Z43192, Z43198, Z43769
        G2a1a1b2a~ Z43193, Z43194, Z43195, Z43197
     G2a1a2   Z17774
     G2a1a2a   Z17775
      G2a1a2a~ Z17776, Z30639
       G2a1a2a1   Z31475, Z31476, Z31477, Z31478, Z39899, Z39900, Z39901, Z39902, Z39903, Z39904, Z39905, Z39906, Z39907, Z39908, Z39909, Z39910, Z39911, Z39912, Z39913, Z39914, Z39915, Z39916, Z39917, Z39918, Z39919, Z39920, Z39921, Z39922, Z39923, Z39924, Z39925, Z39926, Z39927
        G2a1a2a1a~ Z31469, Z31470, Z31471, Z31472, Z31473, Z31474
        G2a1a2a1b~ Z39928, Z39929, Z39930, Z39931, Z39932
      G2a1a2b~ Z31451, Z31452, Z31453, Z31454
     G2a1a3   Z31464, Z35444
     G2a1a3a   Z35447
      G2a1a3a~ Z31467, Z35412, Z35413, Z35414, Z35415, Z35417, Z35418, Z35419, Z35420, Z35421, Z35422, Z35423, Z35424, Z35425, Z35426, Z35427, Z35428, Z35429, Z35430, Z35431, Z35432, Z35433, Z35434, Z35435, Z35436, Z35438, Z35440, Z35441, Z35442
       G2a1a3a1~ Z31465, Z31466, Z31468
       G2a1a3a2~ Z35443, Z35445, Z25446
    G2a1b~ Z30702, Z30703, Z30704, Z30705, Z30706
   G2a2   CTS4367/L1259/M3308/PF2970
    G2a2a   PF3147, FGC2273/Z6487, FGC7741/Y2377, PF3149, PF3150, PF3151, PF3159, PF3161, PF3166, PF3167, PF3168, PF3172, PF3175, PF3176, PF3179, PF3180, PF3181, PF3182, PF3184, PF3185, PF3186, PF6827, S16017/Z6279, FGC2267/S22816/Z6479, Z6178, Z6278, Z6280, Z6281
     G2a2a1   PF3148, FGC2268/S23993/Y1771, PF3155, PF3156, PF3160, PF3163, PF3170, PF3171, S11510/Z6199, S11769/Z6201, S15710/Z6042, S17801/Z6286, Z6307, Z6314, Z6491
     G2a2a1a   PF3177
       G2a2a1a1   FGC6669, FGC6622, FGC6626, FGC6627, FGC6630, FGC6632, FGC6635, FGC6643, FGC6658/Y14950, FGC6660/Y14952, FGC6662, FGC6673/Y14960, FGC6675, FGC6678, FGC6679, FGC6683/Y14964, FGC6684/Y14965, FGC6689/Y14968, FGC6691, FGC6709, Z34687/Y14945, Z34688/Y14946,  Z34689/Y15214, Z34690   
       G2a2a1a1~ FGC6619, FGC6647, FGC6655, FGC6661/Y14953, FGC6663/Y14954 FGC6664/Y14955, FGC6667/Y14957, FGC6670, FGC6676/Y14962, FGC6708/Y14981, FGC34764/Y14967  
        G2a2a1a1a   M286, BY2065/FGC35337, FGC58101, FGC58102, FGC58103, FGC58123, FGC58126, FGC58128. FGC58129, FGC58130, FGC58131, FGC58133, FGC58134, FGC58136, FGC58137, FGC58139, FGC58144, FGC58151, FGC58153, FGC58155, FGC58156, FGC58158, FGC58160, FGC58163^, FGC58165, FGC58167, FGC58168. FGC58170, FGC58173, FGC58176, FGC58178, FGC58180, FGC58184, FGC58191, Y15462, Z43077^, Z43078^, Z43079^
        G2a2a1a1a~ FGC58127, FGC58150, FGC58152, FGC58157, FGC58182, FGC58188, FGC58189, FGC59484
         G2a2a1a1a1~ FGC58118, FGC58122, FGC58124, FGC58125, FGC58135  
         G2a2a1a1a2~ FGC59473, FGC59474, FGC59475, FGC59476, FGC59477   
         G2a2a1a1a3~ Z43080, Z43081, Z43082, Z43083, Z43084
        G2a2a1a1b   FGC6618, FGC6623, FGC6624, FGC6625, FGC6636, FGC6637, FGC6644, FGC6648, FGC6649, FGC6652/Y14947, FGC6653/Y14948, FGC6654, FGC6657/Y14949, FGC6659/Y14951, FGC6665/Y14956, FGC6666, FGC6668/Y14958, FGC6671/Y14959, FGC6674/Y14961, FGC6677,  FCG6680/Y14963, FGC6681, FGC6685, FGC6686/Y14966, FGC6687, FGC6690, FGC6698/Y14973, FGC6700/Y14974, FGC6701/Y14975, FGC6702.1/Y14976.1, FGC6704/Y14977, FGC6705/Y14978, FGC8081, FGC34749/Y15218, FGC34754/Y15220, FGC34767/Y15215, FGC34769/Y14979, Z34691/Y14972     
         G2a2a1a1b1~ FGC6629, FGC6631, FGC6633, FGC6634
         G2a2a1a1b2~ FGC34750, FGC34755, FGC34757
         G2a2a1a1b3~ FGC42426, FGC42431, FGC42432, FGC42440, FGC42441
       G2a2a1a2   L91/PF3246/S285, PF3233, S22038/Z6101, S19852/Z6291, Z6177
        G2a2a1a2a   FGC7739/Z6488, PF3237, PF3238
         G2a2a1a2a1   PF3239, FGC2271/S25082/Z6484, FGC5662^/Z6477^, FGC5665/Z6475, FGC5666/Z6476, FGC5676^/S23573^/Z6489^, FGC5677^/Z6490^, PF3240, PF3244^, PF6846^, S11565/Z6200, Z6130^, Z6132, Z6198^, Z6277, Z6283^, Z6312
         G2a2a1a2a1~ Z6282
          G2a2a1a2a1a   L166, FGC5671^, FGC5672^, FGC5673^, FGC5675/Z6516, FGC5696^, FGC5712^/Z6499^, FGC5721^, FGC8006/Z12230, FGC8009^/S19892^/Z6493^, L167, PF3178^, Z1370.2, Z6134^, Z6206^, Z6207, Z6209^, Z6213, Z6215^, Z6219, Z6287
            G2a2a1a2a1a1   FGC5674/Z6494
             G2a2a1a2a1a1a   Z6211
             G2a2a1a2a1a1a1~ FGC5710, FGC5711, FGC5736, FGC5737, FGC5739
             G2a2a1a2a1a1b~ Z6208
             G2a2a1a2a1a1b1~ Z31438, Z31439, Z31440, Z31441, Z31442
             G2a2a1a2a1a1b2~ Z6179, Z6181, Z6182, Z6210, Z6212, Z6214, Z6216, Z6217, Z6218, Z6222, Z6497, Z6498, Z6500, Z6501, Z6502, Z6503, Z6504, Z6506, Z6507, Z6508, Z6509, Z6510, Z6512, Z6513, Z6514, Z6515, Z6517, Z6518, Z6519, Z6789
              G2a2a1a2a1a1b2a~ CTS6118.1
              G2a2a1a2a1a1b2b~ Z6790, Z6791, Z6794, Z6795
            G2a2a1a2a1a2~ F3547
          G2a2a1a2a1b   Z6802^, PF3143^, PF3230^, PF3236^, PF3242^, PF3249^, Z6037^, Z6224^, Z6225^, Z6226^, Z6800^, Z6803^
            G2a2a1a2a1b1~ Z6183, Z6227, Z6228, Z6229, Z6805
            G2a2a1a2a1b1a~ Z6186, Z6231, Z6232, Z6234, Z6236, Z6237, Z6807, Z6810, Z6815, Z6816
             G2a2a1a2a1b1a1~ F3940, Z4963.2, Z6185, Z6187, Z6235, Z6238, Z6806, Z6808, Z6813, Z6814
             G2a2a1a2a1b1a2~ PF6835, Z31443, Z31446, Z31447
            G2a2a1a2a1b2~ PF3144, PF3158, PF3229, PF3241, PF3243, Z6188, Z6189, Z6240, Z6241, Z6242, Z6243, Z6817, Z6818
            G2a2a1a2a1b2a~ Z6819
            G2a2a1a2a1b2b~ Z6190, Z6246, Z6250, Z6820, Z6821, Z6822, Z6823
            G2a2a1a2a1b2c~ Z6038, Z6191, Z6824, Z6825, Z6826, Z6827
             G2a2a1a2a1b2c1~ S24912/Z6828
             G2a2a1a2a1b2c2~ Z6247, Z6829, Z6830, Z6831, Z6833, Z6834, Z6835
             G2a2a1a2a1b2c3~ S1671.2/Z24.2, Z6039, Z6836, Z6837, Z6838, Z6839
              G2a2a1a2a1b2c3a~ Z6329, Z6330, Z6840, Z6841, Z6842, Z6843
              G2a2a1a2a1b2c3b~ PF6833, Z6332, Z6844, Z6845
            G2a2a1a2a1b2d~ PF6836, PF6839, PF6840, Z6333, Z6334, Z6335, Z6336, Z6846, Z6848, Z6849
             G2a2a1a2a1b2d1~ PF6841, PF6843, Z6192, Z6193, Z6337, Z6850, Z6851
              G2a2a1a2a1b2d1a~ PF6837, Z6852, Z6853
              G2a2a1a2a1b2d1b~ Z6338, Z6854, Z6855
             G2a2a1a2a1b2d2~ Z6194, Z6339, Z6856, Z6857, Z6858
         G2a2a1a2a2   FGC2315
          G2a2a1a2a2a   Z6773, Z6301, Z6772, Z6778, Z6787, Z6788
            G2a2a1a2a2a1~ Z31428, Z31429, Z31430, Z31431, Z31432
            G2a2a1a2a2a2~ Z6175, Z6176, Z6204, Z6302, Z6785, Z6786
          G2a2a1a2a2b~ FGC2281/Z12219, FGC2307/Z12220, FGC2308/Z12221, FGC2309/Z17963
        G2a2a1a2b Z42562, Z42563, Z42564, Z42565, Z42566, Z42567, Z42568, Z42569, Z42570, Z42571, Z42572, Z42573, Z42574, Z42575, Z42576, Z42577, Z42578, Z42579, Z42580, Z42581, Z42582, Z42583, Z42584, Z42726, Z42727, Z42728, Z42729, Z42730, Z42731, Z42732
    G2a2a1a2b~ PH97, Z31234, Z31235
    G2a2a1a2b~ Z42554, Z42555, Z42556, Z42557, Z42558
        G2a2a1a2c~ CTS2080.1
       G2a2a1a3   FGC34625
       G2a2a1a3~ FGC34674, FGC34723, FGC34725
        G2a2a1a3a~ FGC34621, FGC34623, FGC34624, FGC34627, FGC34628, Z31433, Z31434, Z31435, Z31436, Z31437
       G2a2a1a4~ PF3222
     G2a2a1b   FGC34451, FGC34385, FGC34436, FGC34453, FGC34456, FGC34461, FGC34466, FGC34480, FGC34488, FGC34559
       G2a2a1b1~ FGC34387, FGC34388, FGC34389, FGC34420
       G2a2a1b2~ FGC35169, FGC35170, FGC35172, FGC35174
     G2a2a2   Z36520, Z18064.2, Z36519, Z36521
      G2a2a2a~ B376, Z31270, Z31271, Z31272, Z31273, Z31274
      G2a2a2b~ Z36522, Z36524, Z36525, Z36526
    G2a2b   L30/PF3267/S126, CTS90/M3224/PF3250, CTS574/M3237, CTS1093/PF3258/M3243, CTS1180/M3244/PF3259, CTS4227/M3306/PF2965, CTS5463/M3321/PF3268 CTS7992/M3352, CTS9763/M3370/PF3271, CTS10006/L1257/M3375/PF3272, CTS10449/M3381/PF3273, CTS11324/M3419/PF3279, CTS12810/M3440/PF3284, F788/M3231/PF3255, F1136/M3263/PF3261, F1733/M3288, F2184/L1260/M3330/PF3269, F2535/M3350/PF3270, F2908/M3364/PF3028, F3139/PF3274, F3500/M3433/PF3280, L32/PF3266/S148/U8, L190/M485, M3412/PF3278, M3435/PF3281, PF3254, Z3238, Z3260
     G2a2b1   M406/PF3285, FGC5068, FGC5079/S14640/Y2720, FGC5085/Y6224, FGC5086/Y2726/Z6860, FGC5088/S24367/Y2728/Z6861, M461/M3372, M3249/PF3287, M3268.1/PF3292.1, M3269/S11812, M3280, M3281/PF3297, M3291, M3295/S16240, M3297/S16504, M3298/S16510, M3305, M3312/PF3300, M3314/PF3301, M3315, M3317, M3318/S17625, M3319/S17953, M3323/PF3304, M3329/S18391, M3332/S18793, M3344/PF3307, M3351/S20021, M3355, M3360/S21036, M3366/PF3312, M3377/S22095, M3382/PF3315, M3391, M3413, M3418/S24848, M3423/PF3319, M3427/S25566, M3434/S25821, M9330/S23266, M9345/S23815, PF3303, S14332
     G2a2b1~ M3310/PF3299
     G2a2b1a   FGC5089/Y2729, M3388/S22851, M3235, M3292/S15820, M3293, M3338/S18959, M3349/S19922, M3354/S20284, M3359, M3426/S25516, M3430/S25668
       G2a2b1a1   FGC5081/S18399
       G2a2b1a1~ FGC5083/Y2724, M3245/Z6145, M3250, M3339, M3341/PF3305, M3356, M3406
        G2a2b1a1a   L14/Page57/S130/U16, FGC5124, FGC5126, FGC5127, FGC5129, FGC5132, FGC5134/S15331, FGC5147, FGC5150, FGC5151/S18546, FGC5154/S19313/SK1130, FGC5158, FGC5170/S21034, FGC5173/S21435, FGC5174, FGC5182, FGC5185, FGC5192, L90/Page19/S133, S10894/Z16489
        G2a2b1a1a~ Z17089
         G2a2b1a1a1   Z17083, Z17085, Z17086, Z17088, Z17090, Z17091
          G2a2b1a1a1a~ Z31399, Z31400, Z31401, Z31402, Z31403
          G2a2b1a1a1b~ S27195, Z31404, Z31405, Z31406, Z31407
         G2a2b1a1a2~ Z31394, Z31395, Z31396, Z31397, Z31398
         G2a2b1a1a3~ FGC5115, FGC5119, FGC5122, FGC5125, FGC5135
         G2a2b1a1a4~ Page25
         G2a2b1a1a5~ F3170.2/M5528.2/PF1797.2
          G2a2b1a1a5a~ PF3221
         G2a2b1a1a6~ CTS11876
        G2a2b1a1b   Z17887, Y6221/Z17888, Y6223/Z17907, Z17889
         G2a2b1a1b1   Z17886
          G2a2b1a1b1a   Z37368, Z31424, Z37369, Z37370, Z37371, Z37372, Z37373
           G2a2b1a1b1a1~ Z31423, Z31426, Z31427
          G2a2b1a1b1a2~ Z37375, Z37376, Z37377, Z37378, Z37379
           G2a2b1a1b1a3~ Z39512, Z39513, Z39514, Z39515, Z39516
         G2a2b1a1b2  PH942, PH3980, PH5033
          G2a2b1a1b2a  L645, PH942, PH3980, PH5033, Z42373, Z42374, Z42375, Z42376, Z42377, Z42378
           G2a2b1a1b2a1~ PH134, PH553, PH1145, PH1471, PH1672, PH2145, PH2269, PH2587, PH2755, PH3082, PH3135, PH3797, PH4312, PH5218, PH5243, PH5316
           G2a2b1a1b2a2~ Z42379, Z42380, Z42381, Z42382, Z42383
           G2a2b1a1b2a3~ Z42384, Z42385, Z42386, Z42387, Z42388
         G2a2b1a1b3~ Z31418, Z31419, Z31420, Z31422
        G2a2b1a1c~ PF2411.2/M5363.2
        G2a2b1a1d~ F3774
        G2a2b1a1e~ Z41193, Z41194, Z41195, Z41196, Z41197
  G2a2b1a2  M3302, M3337, M3346, M3376
        G2a2b1a2a  M3422
          G2a2b1a2a1  M3240, M3261, M3409
          G2a2b1a2a2~ Z36768, Z36769, Z36770, Z36771, Z36772
        G2a2b1a2b~ Z31408, Z31409, Z31410, Z31411, Z31412
     G2a2b1b  PF3293
       G2a2b1b1  PF3296, PF3316, S22685/Z6870, S25020/Z6862, Z6343, Z30795, Z30798, Z30800, Z30815
        G2a2b1b1a Z30793,  Z30796, Z30797, Z30799,  Z30801, Z30802, Z30803, Z30804, Z30805, Z30807, Z30808, Z30809, Z30810, Z30811, Z30812, Z30813,  Z30816
         G2a2b1b1a1~ PF3286, PF3306, PF3310, PF3313, PF3314, PF3317, PF6848, Z6344, Z6345, Z6346, Z6347, Z6348, Z6863, Z6864, Z6865, Z6866, Z6867, Z6868, Z6869
         G2a2b1b1a2~ Z31533, Z31537
         G2a2b1b1a3~ CTS430
        G2a2b1b1b  S11415, FGC41457, FGC41459, FGC41463, FGC41465, FGC41473, FGC41482, FGC41489, S11726, S17288, S18502, Z31417
         G2a2b1b1b1~ Z6029, Z31413
          G2a2b1b1b1a~ Z31414, Z31415, Z31416
          G2a2b1b1b1b~ Z6349, Z6350, Z6352, Z6353, Z6354, Z6356, Z6357, Z6358, Z6871, Z6872, Z6873, Z6874, Z6875
          G2a2b1b1b1c~ FGC41428, FGC41447, FGC41449, FGC41451, FGC41452
         G2a2b1b1b2~ S9591, Z39936, Z39937, Z39938, Z39939
        G2a2b1b1c~ Z40727, Z40728, Z40729, Z40730, Z40731
      G2a2b1c~ Z6340, Z6341, Z6342
      G2a2b1d~ CTS8450/S4387
     G2a2b2   CTS2488, CTS8143/PF3324, CTS9605, CTS9957/PF3325, F2121/PF3323, L141.1
     G2a2b2a   P303/Page108/PF3340/S135/Z765, CTS424/PF3328, CTS688, CTS946, CTS1949/PF3334/Z1820, CTS4454^/PF3335^, CTS6719/PF3336/Z763, CTS10366/PF3338, CTS10725/PF3344, Page98/Z766, PF3329, PF3330, PF3332, PF3339, PF3342, Z3243
       G2a2b2a1   L140/S316, CTS796, CTS12570, CTS12891/PF3347, PF3331, PF3337/Z764, Y287/Z3220, Z3517
       G2a2b2a1~ CTS7698
        G2a2b2a1a   PF3346
         G2a2b2a1a1   PF3345
          G2a2b2a1a1a   U1, FGC7568/S22146/Z6779
          G2a2b2a1a1a1   L13/S131/U13, CTS579/Z1992, CTS901/PF6854/Z1993, CTS4672/Z2013, CTS5630, CTS6068, CTS9897, CTS11846, FGC945/S3817/Z6929, FGC946/S12645, FGC947/Z2027, FGC952, FGC953/Z6768, FGC954, FGC956, FGC960/S19971/Z6924, FGC961/Z6926, FGC963/Z6782, FGC7564/SK1139/Z6769, FGC7569/Z6780, FGC7572/S21138/Z6777, FGC7573/Z6776, FGC7574/S10404/Z6767, FGC7575/Z6771, L78/M527, L1343, L1344, PF6858, S10000/Z6160, S19741/Z6400, Z2005, Z2024, Z3196, Z3317, Z6156, Z6158, Z6399
            G2a2b2a1a1a1a   CTS9909/Z2022, CTS417/Z1991, FGC7567/S20158/Z6775, Z2014, Z3326, Z6394, Z6414
            G2a2b2a1a1a1a~ CTS3264, CTS11050/PF4783/S2769/Z1886, FGC962/Z6928, FGC966/Z6927, PF6860, Z2006, Z6396
             G2a2b2a1a1a1a1   FGC965/Z6759, FGC995/Z6758
               G2a2b2a1a1a1a1a   FGC998/Z6764  
               G2a2b2a1a1a1a1a1   S9751/Z6159
                G2a2b2a1a1a1a1a1a   Z29424, FGC31400/Z29425
                 G2a2b2a1a1a1a1a1a1   L1263, Z38848
                  G2a2b2a1a1a1a1a1a1a   Z38846, Z38847, Z38849, Z38851, Z38852, Z38854, Z38855, Z38856
              G2a2b2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1   Z38853
                    G2a2b2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a~ FGC18956.2, Z38858, Z38859, Z38860
                    G2a2b2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1b~ Z38862, Z38863, Z38864, Z38865, Z38866
                    G2a2b2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1c~ Y15226, Z39253, Z39254, Z39255, Z39256
              G2a2b2a1a1a1a1a1a1a2~ Z42389, Z42390, Z42391, Z42392, Z42393
              G2a2b2a1a1a1a1a1a1a3~ Z43286, Z43287, Z43288Z42393
              G2a2b2a1a1a1a1a1a1a4~ Z43938, Z43939, Z43940, Z43941, Z43942
                  G2a2b2a1a1a1a1a1a1b~ L1261, L1271, Z39565, Z39566
                  G2a2b2a1a1a1a1a1a1c~ S8385, Z43898, Z43899, Z43900, Z43901
                 G2a2b2a1a1a1a1a1a2   Z30781, Z30777, Z31566, Z31567, Z31569, Z31570, Z31571, Z31572, Z31573
                  G2a2b2a1a1a1a1a1a2a~ Z30778, Z30779, Z38455
                  G2a2b2a1a1a1a1a1a2b~ Z31561, Z31562, Z31563, Z31564, Z31565
                 G2a2b2a1a1a1a1a1a3~ Z31368, Z31369, Z31370, Z31371, Z31372
                 G2a2b2a1a1a1a1a1a4~ CTS7987, Z31373, Z31374, Z31375, Z31376
                 G2a2b2a1a1a1a1a1a5~ Z34070, Z38350, Z38351, Z39053
                 G2a2b2a1a1a1a1a1a6~ FGC31395, FGC31398
                 G2a2b2a1a1a1a1a1a7~ Z6406, Z6407, Z6408, Z6409, Z6931, SK1141/Z6932, Z6933, Z6934, Z6935
                 G2a2b2a1a1a1a1a1a8~ Z43943, Z43944, Z43945, Z43946, Z43947
                 G2a2b2a1a1a1a1a1a9~ Z44047, Z44048, Z44049, Z44050, Z44051
                G2a2b2a1a1a1a1a1b~ Z44042, Z44043, Z44044, Z44045, Z44046
               G2a2b2a1a1a1a1a2~ Z39372, Z39373, Z39374, Z39375, Z39376
               G2a2b2a1a1a1a1a3~ FGC986, FGC992/Z6762, FGC993, FGC996/Z6763
               G2a2b2a1a1a1a1a4~ Z42471, Z42472, Z42473, Z42474, Z42475
               G2a2b2a1a1a1a1a4   Z38875, Z38878, Z40120, Z40121, Z40122, Z40123, Z40124, Z40125
                G2a2b2a1a1a1a1a4a~ Z38876, Z38877, Z38879
                G2a2b2a1a1a1a1a4b~ Z40126, Z40127, Z40128, Z40129, Z40130
               G2a2b2a1a1a1a1b   Z2017
               G2a2b2a1a1a1a1b1   CTS12777, M11686^/Z2026^
                G2a2b2a1a1a1a1b1a   Z30718^
                 G2a2b2a1a1a1a1b1a1~ Z15055.2, Z30719, Z30721
                 G2a2b2a1a1a1a1b1a2~ CTS1356, Z1981, Z1997, Z31367
                G2a2b2a1a1a1a1b1b~ Z31377, Z31378, Z31379, Z31380, Z31381
               G2a2b2a1a1a1a1b12~ Z39886, Z39887, Z39889, Z39890
               G2a2b2a1a1a1a1c~ Z39952, Z39953, Z39954, Z39955, Z39956
             G2a2b2a1a1a1a2   Z30831
             G2a2b2a1a1a1a2~ Z30827, Z30828, Z30829, Z30830
             G2a2b2a1a1a1a3~ Z38836, Z38837, Z38838, Z38839, Z38840
             G2a2b2a1a1a1a4~ Z31362, Z31363, Z31364, Z31365
            G2a2b2a1a1a1b~ Z32842.2, Z38891, Z38892, Z38893, Z38894
          G2a2b2a1a1a2   L1266, FGC21507, FGC21516/Y12280, FGC21522/Y12284, FGC21528, FGC21539/Y12287, S9288, S9642, S10642/SK1143, S10678, S11674, S18054, S18967/SK1786, S20142, S21397, S22673, S24601, S25468, Z6390, Z6392, Z6913
            G2a2b2a1a1a2a   L1264, FGC21498/Y12375, FGC21500/Y12384, FGC21501/Y12385, FGC21503/Y12278, FGC21508/Y12279, FGC21510/Y12373, FGC21519/Y12282, FGC21520/Y12283, FGC21529/Y12286, FGC21532/Y12377, FGC21533/Y12380, FGC21540/Y12382, FGC21541/Y12383, L1265, L1268, NIST1/Y12381, S10139, S11286, S11817, S12155, S19822, S26070, SK1142/Y12277
             G2a2b2a1a1a2a1   L654.2
             G2a2b2a1a1a2a2   FGC21495, FGC21496, FGC21512, FGC21515, S17722
               G2a2b2a1a1a2a2a   S9409
               G2a2b2a1a1a2a2a1~ FGC21494, FGC21497
               G2a2b2a1a1a2a2a2~ Z31275, Z31276, Z31277
               G2a2b2a1a1a2a2b~ Z30713, Z30714, Z30715, Z30716, Z30717
            G2a2b2a1a1a2b   PH1780, FGC30534, PH52, PH311, PH984, PH3061, PH3501, PH4634, PH4763, PH4843, PH4913, PH5155, Z37865, Z37867, Y18375/Z38313, Y18479/Z38310,  Y18481/Z38308, Y18482/Z38309, Y18484/Z38314, Y18485/Z38315, Y18486, Y18487/Z38307, Y18489/Z38320, Y18490/Z38321, Y18491/Z38322, Y18492/Z38326, Y18495/Z38323, Y18496/Z38324, Y18497/Z38325, Z38316, Z38317
             G2a2b2a1a1a2b1~ Z37864
             G2a2b2a1a1a2b2~ Z38329, Z38330, Z38331, Z38332, Z38333
             G2a2b2a1a1a2b3 PH212
              G2a2b2a1a1a2b3a~ Z43495, Z43496, Z43497, Z43498, Z43499
            G2a2b2a1a1a2c~ Z6153, Z6914, Z6915, Z6916, Z6918, Z6921, Z6922, Z6920
            G2a2b2a1a1a2d~ Z6391, Z6393, Z6917, Z6919, Z6923
           G2a2b2a1a1a3~ Z39803, Z39804, Z39805, Z39806, Z39807
           G2a2b2a1a1a4~ SK1154, SK1155, SK1156, SK1157, SK1158, SK1159, SK1160, SK1161
            G2a2b2a1a1a4a~ PH4105
          G2a2b2a1a1b   L497/S317, CTS1899/PF6851/Z738, CTS5351/Z746, CTS7111/Z748, CTS8596/Z751, FGC470/Y7539, PF6850/Z728, PF6852/Z754, S11313/Z3207, S11738/Z3212, S26003/Z3528, Z730, Z731, Z733, Z736, Z744, Z749, Z756, Z1818, Z1822, Z3008, Z3390/S20969, Z6379
          G2a2b2a1a1b1   CTS9737/Z1815, CTS730, CTS7012, S19395/Z6380, Z729, Z735, Z758, Z760, Z1900, Z3035, Z3205
            G2a2b2a1a1b1a   CTS11352/Z759, CTS3226/Z741, Z755, Z1817, Z6900, Z6901
            G2a2b2a1a1b1a~ CTS5089/Z745, CTS5762/Z1819, CTS8701/Z752, CTS12895/Z761, Z747
             G2a2b2a1a1b1a1   Z725, Z727
             G2a2b2a1a1b1a1~ CTS2100/Z739, FGC469/Z16776, Z753, Z3195
              G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a   AMM042/CTS2230/Z1823
               G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a1   L43/S147, Z27265, Z30640
                G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a1a   L42/S146, S12047
                 G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a1a1 Y11074/Z30641, Y10621/Z30642
                  G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a1a1a Y11076^
                   G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a1a1a1   F1300.2/M1809.2, PH3899,  Z27266, Z39504, Z39505, Z41262, Z41263, Z41264, Z41265, Z41266, Z41267, Z42609, Z42610, Z42611, Z42612, Z42613, Z42614, Z42698
                    G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a1a1a1a~ Z27267, Z39503
                    G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a1a1a1b~ Z42617, Z42618, Z42619
                    G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a1a1a1c~ Z43957, Z43958, Z43959, Z43960
                   G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a1a1a2   CTS7357
                   G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a1a1a2a~ Z31318, Z31320
                    G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a1a1a2a1~ CTS3647.2
                   G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a1a1a3~ YP786.2, Z31314, Z31315, Z31316, Z31317
                   G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a1a1a4~ AM00719.2/F2610.2
                   G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a1a1a5~ Z40798, Z40799, Z40800, Z40801, Z40802
             G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a1a1b  YSC0000033, Z41202
                   G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a1a1b1~ Z39499, Z39500, Z39501, Z39502
                   G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a1a1b2~ M7109, Z41198, Z41199, Z41200, Z41201
                   G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a1a1b3~ Z41322, Z41323, Z41324, Z41325, Z41326
                  G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a1a1c~ Z41181, Z41182, Z41183, Z41184, Z41185
                  G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a1a1d~ Z44139, Z44140, Z44141, Z44142, Z44143
                 G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a1a2~ Z40850, Z40851, Z40852, Z40853, Z40854
                G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a1b~ Z31333, Z31334, Z31335, Z31336, Z31337
               G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2   CTS6796/Z726, CTS35/Z6382
                G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a   CTS4803, Z3441
                 G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a1   S2808
                  G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a1a   CTS10391, S23438
                   G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a1a1   Z30787
                   G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a1a1~ A1186.2, Z30783, Z30784, Z34071, Z34072, Z34073, Z34074, Z34075, Z34076, Z34077, Z34078, Z34080, Z34081, Z34082, Z36508
                   G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a1a2   S18765
                    G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a1a2a  Z41143
                     G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a1a2a1  Z41144
                 G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a1a2a1a~ Z29315, Z29316, Z29317, Z29318
                      G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a1b1a2a1b~ Z41145, Z41146, Z41147, Z41148, Z41149
                     G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a1a2a2~ Z39825, Z39826, Z39827, Z39828, Z39829
                    G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a1a2b~ Z39561, Z39562, Z39563, Z39564
                    G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a1a2c~ Z37882.2, Z40751, Z40752, Z40753, Z40754
                   G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a1a3 Z30790, Z30792, Z44109, Z44110, Z44111, Z44112, Z44113, Z44114, Z44119
                    G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a1a3a~ Z30791, Z44120, Z44121, Z44122, Z44123
                    G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a1a3b~ FGC34989, Z44115, Z44116, Z44117, Z44118  
                   G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a1a4~ CTS702, CTS826, Z31307, Z31308, Z31309
                  G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a1b~ Z40765, Z40766, Z40767, Z40768, Z40769Z31309
                  G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a1c~ FGC8304/Y3098
                   G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a1c1  AMM490.1/S1786.1, FGC8303/Y3101, FGC14522
                    G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a1c1a  S2795, S2796, S2798
                G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a1c1a1  S2784
                      G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a1c1a1a~ PH115, PH239, PH254, PH277, PH789, PH2287, PH4320, PH5377
                      G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a1c1a1b~ S2788, Z31310, Z31311, Z31313
                G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a1c1a2~ FGC24694/V1942, Z40761, Z40762, Z40763, Z40764
                    G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a1c1b   Z40548, Z40697, Z40698, Z40699, Z40700, Z40701, Z40702
                     G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a1c1b1~ Z40545, Z40546, Z40547, Z40549
                     G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a1c1b2~ Z40703, Z40704, Z40705, Z40706, Z40707
                   G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a1c2  FGC34846/Y13108/Z30739
                    G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a1c2a  Z30729 
                    G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a1c2a~ Y12971/Z30735, Y12972/Z30736, Y12973/Z30738, Y12974/Z30740, Y13104/Z30729, Y13105/Z30733, Y13107/Z30737, Y13109/Z30741, Y13110/Z30742, Y13111/Z30743, Y13113/Z30728, Y13114/Z30734, Z30730, Z30732
                    G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a1c2b~ FGC34809, FGC34819, FGC34822
                    G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a1c2c~ Z43253, Z43254, Z43255, Z43256, Z43257
                   G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a1c3~ Z39519, Z39520, Z39521, Z39522, Z39523
              G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a1c4~ Z39881, Z39882, Z39883, Z39884, Z39885
                   G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a1c5  Z17780, Z17783
                 G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a2   Z30771, Z16029.2
                  G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a2a   F3484.2
                   G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a2a1   Z17787, Z17792
                   G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a2a2~ B378
                  G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a2b~ Z30772, Z30773, Z30774, Z30776
                 G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a3~ Z40428, Z40429, Z40430, Z40431, Z40432
                 G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a4~ Z40692, Z40693, Z40694, Z40695, Z40696
                 G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a5   Z42514, Z42515, Z42516, Z41517
                  G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a5a~ Z31328, Z31329, Z31330, Z31331, Z31332
                  G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a5b~ Z42518, Z42519, Z42520, Z42521, Z42522
                  G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a5c~ Z44134, Z44135, Z44136, Z44137, Z44138
                 G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a6~ Z39507, Z39508, Z39509, Z39510, Z39511
                 G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a7~ Z42691, Z42692, Z42693, Z41694, Z42695
                 G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a8~ Z31321, Z31322, Z31323, Z31324, Z31325
                 G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a9~ CTS7551/L667/M2226
                 G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a10~ F1694
                 G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a11~ F720
                 G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a12~ CTS6369
                 G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a13~ YSC0000256.2
                 G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2a14~ S9298, S9750, S10072, Z43216, Z43217
                G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2b   Z16775
            G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2b1   Y14684/Z16777
                  G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2b1a   Z16770, FGC21278/Y14325, Y14326/Z16773, Y14681/Z16771, Y14682/Z16772,
                   G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2b1a1   Y14683/Z17394
                    G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2b1a1a   Z34079
                     G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2b1a1a1   Z34083, Z34084, Z34085, Z34086, Z34087
                     G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2b1a1a2   Z31343, M10375, Z31344, Z31345, Z31346, Z31347, Z35719^, Z35720, Z35721, Z35722, Z35723, Z35724, Z35725, Z35726
                    G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2b1a1b   Z31842, PH3365, Z31843, Z31844, Z31845, Z37840, Z37841, Z37842, Z37843, Z37844, Z37845, Z37846, Z37847, Z37848, Z37849, Z37850, Z37859
                     G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2b1a1b1~ Z37851, Z37852, Z37854, Z37855
                     G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2b1a1b2~ Z37856, Z37857, Z37858, Z37860
                    G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2b1a1c~ Z31338, Z31339, Z31340, Z31341, Z31342
                    G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2b1a1d~ FGC21273, FGC21276, FGC21279, FGC21280, M4977
                    G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2b1a1e~ M10506, Z39590, Z39591, Z39592, Z39593
               G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2b1a1f~ Z40756, Z40757, Z40758, Z40758, Z40759 
               G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2b1a1g~ Z42368, Z42369, Z42370, Z42371, Z42372
                   G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2b1a2~ Z40862, Z40863, Z40864, Z40865, Z40866
             G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2b1b Z41649, Z41650, Z41651, Z41652
              G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2b1b1~ Z41653, Z41654, Z41655, Z41656, Z41657
              G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2b1b2~ Z41658, Z41659, Z41660, Z41661, Z41662
                 G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2b2   Z27567, Y20235, Z41151
                  G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2b2a   Z39670, Y22350, Z39671, Z39672, Z39675, Z39676, Z39677, Z39678, Z39679, Z39680, Z39681, Z39682, Z39684, Z39690 
             G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2b2a~ Z39692
                   G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2b2a1   Z39673, Z39674, Z39683
                    G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2b2a1a~ Z39688, Z41155, Z41156
                G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2b2a1a1~ Z39685, Z39686, Z39687
                    G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2b2a1b~ Z39689, Z39691, Z39693 
                    G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2b2a1c~ Z39694, Z39695, Z39696
                    G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2b2a1d~ Z43849, Z43850, Z43851, Z43852
                   G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2b2a2   Z40538
                   G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2b2a2~ Z40539, Z40540, Z40541, Z40542
                  G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2b2b~ Z39698, Z39699, Z39700, Z39701, Z39702
                  G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2b2c~ Z42529, Z42530, Z42531, Z42532, Z42533
                 G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2c~ Z6031, Z6151, Z6152, Z6383, Z6385, Z6386, Z6387, Z6904, Z6905, Z6906, Z6908, Z6909, Z6910, Z6911, Z6912
                G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2d~ Z36217
                G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a2e~ P293.2
               G2a2b2a1a1b1a1a3~ Z30723, Z30724, Z30725, Z30726, Z30727
              G2a2b2a1a1b1a1b  FGC477/Y8903
               G2a2b2a1a1b1a1b1   FGC489/Z6748, FGC496.2/Z6749.2, FGC498, FGC499/Z6750, FGC500, FGC502/Z6752, FGC503, FGC505, FGC511/Z30837, FGC512, FGC516/Z30838, FGC517
                G2a2b2a1a1b1a1b1a FGC490, FGC496/Z6749/ZS4949, FGC498, FGC499/Z6750, FGC505, FGC507, FGC512, FGC517
                 G2a2b2a1a1b1a1b1a1~ FGC495, FGC497, FGC510, FGC519
            G2a2b2a1a1b1a1b1a2~ Z40857, Z40858, Z40859, Z40860, Z40861
               G2a2b2a1a1b1a1b2~ Z31348, Z31350, Z31351, Z31393
              G2a2b2a1a1b1a1c~ FGC801/Z6753, FGC818/Z6754, FGC821/Z6756, FGC822/Z6757
              G2a2b2a1a1b1a1d~ CTS718, CTS3664, CTS10324, Z31326, Z31327
              G2a2b2a1a1b1a1e Z40867, Z40869
               G2a2b2a1a1b1a1e1 Z31846, Z31847, Z40868
                G2a2b2a1a1b1a1e1a Z31848, Z31849, Z43704, Z43705, Z43706
                 G2a2b2a1a1b1a1e1a1~ Z40924, Z40925, Z40926, Z40927
                 G2a2b2a1a1b1a1e1a2~ Z43707, Z43708, Z43709, Z43710, Z43711
           G2a2b2a1a1b1a1e1b~ Z40919, Z40921, Z40922, Z40923, Z40924
               G2a2b2a1a1b1a1e2~ Z43211, Z43212, Z43213, Z43214, Z43215
               G2a2b2a1a1b1a1e3~ Z44129, Z44130, Z44131, Z44132, Z44133
              G2a2b2a1a1b1a1f~ Z39862, Z39863, Z39864, Z39865, Z39866
        G2a2b2a1a1b1a2~ Z40740, Z40741, Z40742, Z40743, Z40744
            G2a2b2a1a1b1b   S10458, Y19941, Y19947, S16691, S24652, Z24312, Z24315, Z24317, Z24318, Z24319, Z24320, Z24325, Z40133, Z40134, Z40135, Z40136, Z40137
             G2a2b2a1a1b1b1   Z24311
               G2a2b2a1a1b1b1a~ Z24316, Z24321, Z24324, Z24325
               G2a2b2a1a1b1b1a1    Z31358, Z31357, Z31359, Z31360, Z31361
               G2a2b2a1a1b1b1a2~ Z31352, Z31353, Z31354, Z31355, Z31356
               G2a2b2a1a1b1b1b~ Z40138, Z40139, Z40140, Z40141, Z40142
             G2a2b2a1a1b1b2~ Z40476, Z40477, Z40478, Z40479, Z40480  
          G2a2b2a1a1b2   Z27264, Z30437, Z30438, Z30441, Z30443, Z30445, Z30446, Z30447, Z30448, Z30449, Z30451, Z30452, Z30453, Z30455, ZS2836.2
            G2a2b2a1a1b2a   Z39088, SK1148, Z39089, Z39090, Z39091, Z39092, Z39093, Z39094, Z39095
             G2a2b2a1a1b2a1~ Z39524, Z39525, Z39526, Z39527, Z39528
             G2a2b2a1a1b2a2~ Z39529, Z39530, Z39531, Z39532, Z39533
            G2a2b2a1a1b2b~ Z39534, Z39535, Z39536, Z39537, Z39538
           G2a2b2a1a1b3~ Page11
          G2a2b2a1a1c   CTS342
          G2a2b2a1a1c1   Z724, CTS6325, CTS8476/PF6867, Y367/Z3511, Y368/Z3512
           G2a2b2a1a1c1~ CTS2015, CTS11922, Z723, Z3232, Z3334, Z3408
            G2a2b2a1a1c1a   CTS5990/Z1903, CTS77, CTS2073, CTS4472, CTS7155, CTS7658, CTS11388, FGC7475/S22684/Y347/Z6522, PF6863, Y277/Z3179, Z2047, Z3033, Z3038, Z3177, Z3193, Z3263, Z3265, Z3312, Z3332, Z3380, Z3388, Z3410, Z3423, Z3435, Z3445, Z6162, Z6297
            G2a2b2a1a1c1a~ CTS6763, Z3039, Z3234, Z3236, Z3396, Z3440, Z3532, Z6296, Z6521
             G2a2b2a1a1c1a1   CTS7045
              G2a2b2a1a1c1a1a   L640, CTS1934, CTS2762, CTS3426, CTS3844/Z3575, CTS6010, CTS9329, FGC335, FGC338/Y74, FGC340, FGC7499, Z3029, Z3294, Z3307, Z3315, Z3373, Z3434, Z3576, Z3577, Z3579, Z3580, Z5853, Z5854, Z5855, Z6044, Z6045, Z6096, Z6097, Z6098, Z6102, Z6112
               G2a2b2a1a1c1a1a1   Y88/Z3520
               G2a2b2a1a1c1a1a1a   FGC348, FGC349
                G2a2b2a1a1c1a1a1a~ FGC350/Z20024
                G2a2b2a1a1c1a1a1b~ CTS271, CTS10481, M8509, Z5985.2
               G2a2b2a1a1c1a1a2~ Z17314, Z17315
              G2a2b2a1a1c1a1b   Z3428, Z3292
               G2a2b2a1a1c1a1b1   Z26414
               G2a2b2a1a1c1a1b1a   FGC7477/Z6523
               G2a2b2a1a1c1a1b1a~ Z6027/Z27234
                 G2a2b2a1a1c1a1b1a1   Z6028, FGC264^, Z27232
                 G2a2b2a1a1c1a1b1a1a   FGC249, FGC226, FGC242, FGC243, FGC244, FGC250, FGC251, FGC258, FGC260, FGC262, Z3568, Z3581, Z17852
                  G2a2b2a1a1c1a1b1a1a1   FGC263, FGC248, FGC261, FGC265
                  G2a2b2a1a1c1a1b1a1a2   FGC31715
               G2a2b2a1a1c1a1b1a1a2a FGC31721
                 G2a2b2a1a1c1a1b1a1b~ Z43157, Z43158, Z43159, Z43160, Z43161
                 G2a2b2a1a1c1a1b1a2~ Z31280, Z39568, Z39569, Z39570, Z39571
               G2a2b2a1a1c1a1b1b   FGC23437
                 G2a2b2a1a1c1a1b1b1   Z22644, Z22642, Z22645, Z22646
                  G2a2b2a1a1c1a1b1b1a~ FGC23432, FGC23438, FGC23439, FGC23443, Z31298
                  G2a2b2a1a1c1a1b1b1b~ Z36162, Z36163, Z36164, Z36165, Z36166
                  G2a2b2a1a1c1a1b1b1c~ Y23368, Z43174, Z43175, Z43176, Z43177
                 G2a2b2a1a1c1a1b1b2~ FGC38591, FGC35898, FGC38599, FGC38600, FGC38601
               G2a2b2a1a1c1a1b2   Z6032
               G2a2b2a1a1c1a1b2a   Z6434, Z6990
                 G2a2b2a1a1c1a1b2a1   Z3571, Z3572
                 G2a2b2a1a1c1a1b2a1~ FGC295, FGC300, Z3569, Z3570
                 G2a2b2a1a1c1a1b2a2~ Z6436, Z6989, Z6992, Z6993, Z6994, Z6996, Z6998, Z7000
                  G2a2b2a1a1c1a1b2a2a~ Z6034, Z6169, Z6437, Z7001, Z7002, Z7003, Z7004, Z7006, Z7007, Z7008
                  G2a2b2a1a1c1a1b2a2b~ Z6439, Z6170
               G2a2b2a1a1c1a1b2b   Z6033
                 G2a2b2a1a1c1a1b2b1~ PF235, Z6166, Z6168, Z6422, Z6423, Z6424, Z6425, Z6966, Z6967, Z6968, Z6969, Z6970, Z6971, Z6972, Z6973, Z6974
                 G2a2b2a1a1c1a1b2b2~ Z6426, Z6429, Z6431, Z6976, Z6977, Z6978 
                G2a2b2a1a1c1a1b2c~ Z43090, Z43091, Z43092, Z43093, Z43094
               G2a2b2a1a1c1a1b3 Z43085, V3946, Z43203, Z43204, Z43205
                G2a2b2a1a1c1a1b3a~ Z43086, Z43087, Z43088, Z43089
                G2a2b2a1a1c1a1b3b~ Z43206, Z43207, Z43208, Z43209, Z43210
              G2a2b2a1a1c1a1c~ Z6163, Z6164, Z6223, Z6369, Z6389, Z6401, Z6403, Z6939, Z6940, Z6941, Z6942, Z6943, Z6944, Z6945, Z6946
               G2a2b2a1a1c1a1c1~ Z6415, Z6416, Z6417, Z6947, Z6948
              G2a2b2a1a1c1a1d~ Z44104, Z44105, Z44106, Z44107, Z44108
             G2a2b2a1a1c1a2~ Z40433, Z40434, Z40435, Z40436, Z40437
            G2a2b2a1a1c1b~ CTS722, CTS1475, CTS4634, CTS5251
            G2a2b2a1a1c1c~ FGC28546, FGC28548, FGC28549, FGC28550, FGC28552
            G2a2b2a1a1c2   FGC12126, FGC12121/Y7124, FGC12129, FGC12130, FGC12135, FGC12138, FGC12145, FGC12152, FGC12156, FGC12159, Z16696
             G2a2b2a1a1c2a   L660, L662, FGC12127/Y7125, FGC12139, FGC12140, FGC12141, FGC12142, FGC12144/Y7128, FGC12147/Y7129, FGC12148/Y7806, FGC12149/Y7808, FGC12150/Y7130, FGC12158/Y7135, FGC12160/Y7807, FGC12164/Y7136, FGC12165/Y7137, FGC12168/Y7811, FGC12173/Y7813
             G2a2b2a1a1c2a1~ Z31199, Z31200, Z31201, Z31202, Z31203
             G2a2b2a1a1c2a2~ FGC12131, FGC12134, FGC12136, FGC12143
             G2a2b2a1a1c2b   Z16670, M12111/Z16684, S4843/Z16690, Z16241, Z16671, Z16672, Z16673, Z16674, Z16675, Z16676, Z16677, Z16678, Z16681, Z16682, Z16683, Z16685, Z16686, Z16687, Z16688, Z16689, Z16691, Z16692, Z16693, Z16694, Z16695, Z16698, Z16699, Z16700, Z16701, Z16702, Z16703, Z16704, Z16705, Z16709, Z16710, Z16711, Z16712, Z16714, Z16716, Z16717, Z16719, Z17904
             G2a2b2a1a1c2b1   Z16713
              G2a2b2a1a1c2b1a~ Z31208, Z31209, Z31210, Z31211
              G2a2b2a1a1c2b1b~ Z31212, Z31213, Z31214
             G2a2b2a1a1c2b2    Z31206, FGC41908, Z40498, Z40499
              G2a2b2a1a1c2b2a~ Z31207, Z31205
              G2a2b2a1a1c2b2b~ Z40500, Z40501
             G2a2b2a1a1c2b3~ Z41723, Z41724, Z41275, Z41276
            G2a2b2a1a1c3   PF4202, FGC37662, FGC37667, FGC37668, FGC37670, FGC37671, FGC37678, FGC37689, FGC37690, FGC37691, FGC37694, FGC37696, FGC37697, FGC37698, FGC37700, FGC37701, FGC37709, FGC37719, FGC37720, FGC37723, FGC37736, FGC37738, FGC37741, FGC37742, FGC37744, FGC37745, FGC37746, FGC37747, FGC37752, FGC37753, FGC37758, FGC37660, FGC37761, K523.2, Y30886, Z39544
            G2a2b2a1a1c3a   FGC37628, FGC37656, FGC37703, FGC37704, FGC37716, FGC37717, FGC37722, FGC37724, FGC37729, FGC37735, FGC37762, FGC37763
             G2a2b2a1a1c3a1~ FGC37658, FGC37760, FGC37661, FGC37663
             G2a2b2a1a1c3a2~ Z43844, Z43845, Z43846, Z43847, Z43848
            G2a2b2a1a1c3b~ Z39539, Z39540, Z39541, Z39542, Z39543
            G2a2b2a1a1c3c~ PF790, V8.2
          G2a2b2a1a1d~ S1415, FGC11762.2/Z25570.2, Z31389, Z31390
          G2a2b2a1a1e~ Z30708, Z30709, Z30710, Z30711, Z30712
          G2a2b2a1a1f  Z39263
          G2a2b2a1a1f~ Z39264, Z39266, Z39267
          G2a2b2a1a1g~ Z39367, Z39368, Z39369, Z39370, Z39371
          G2a2b2a1a1h~ CTS8386, PF5145/Z514
          G2a2b2a1a1i~ Z40367, Z40368, Z40369, Z40370, Z40371
         G2a2b2a1a2~ Z38302, Z38303, Z38304, Z38305, Z38306
        G2a2b2a1b   Z30527, Z30530, Z30531, Z31238, Z31240, Z31242, Z31244, Z31245, Z31246, Z31247, Z31250, Z31251, Z31252, Z31253, Z31254, Z31255, Z31256, Z31257, Z31258, Z31259, Z31260, Z31261, Z31262, Z31263, Z31264, Z31265, Z31266
         G2a2b2a1b1~ Z30528, Z30529, Z31267, Z31268, Z31269
         G2a2b2a1b2~Z31237, Z31241
       G2a2b2a2   M278
  G2a2b2a2~ Z41138, Z41139, Z41140, Z41141, Z41142
       G2a2b2a3   Z6885, Z39318, Z39321, Z40484
        G2a2b2a3a   Z39310, YP824, Z39312, Z39317, Z39319, Z39320, Z39322, Z39326, Z39327, Z39328, Z39329, Z39330, Z39332, Z39333, Z39334, Z39336, Z39337, Z39338, Z39339, Z39340, Z39342, Z39344, Z39345, Z39346, Z39348, Z39349, Z39351, Z39352, Z39354, Z39356, Z39357, Z39358, Z39359, Z39365, Z39366, Z40485, Z40486, Z40487, Z40488, Z40489, Z40490, Z40491, Z40492, Z40493, Z40494, Z40495, Z40496, Z40497
    G2a2b2a3a1   Z39308, Z39311, Z39315, Z39316, Z39324, Z39331, Z39335, Z39341, Z39343, Z39350, Z39353, Z39355, Z39362, Z39363, Z39364
          G2a2b2a3a1a~ Z39309, Z39644, Z39645, Z39646, Z39647
          G2a2b2a3a1b~ Z39648, Z39649, Z39650, Z39651, Z39652
          G2a2b2a3a1c~ Z40577, Z40578, Z40579
         G2a2b2a3a2~ Z40745, Z40746, Z40747, Z40749, Z40750
   G2a2b2a3b   Z6147, Z6148, Z6359, Z6363, Z6364, Z6365, Z6371, Z6374, Z6375, Z6377, Z6876, Z6879, Z6886, Z6887, Z6889, Z6890, Z6894, Z6895, Z6896
         G2a2b2a3b1~ CTS7114, Z6146, Z6360, Z6361, Z6362, Z6366, Z6367, Z6368, Z6372, Z6373, Z6376, Z6878, Z6879, Z6880, Z6881, Z6882, Z6883, Z6884, Z6888, Z6891, Z6892, Z6897, Z6898
         G2a2b2a3b2~ Z40218, Z40219, Z40220, Z40221, Z40222
       G2a2b2a4   Z30503, Z30504, Z30505^, Z30506^, Z30508, Z30509, Z30510, Z30511, Z30512, Z30513, Z30514, Z30515, Z30516, Z30517, Z30519, Z30520, Z30521, Z30523, Z31388, Z40465, Z40466^, Z40467, Z40468, Z40475^
        G2a2b2a4a   Z40458, Z40459, Z40460, Z40461, Z40462, Z40463, Z40464
         G2a2b2a4a1~ Z30522, Z30524, Z30525, Z30526
         G2a2b2a4a2~ Z40469, Z40470, Z40471, Z40472, Z49473
        G2a2b2a4b   Z31387
        G2a2b2a4b~ Z31383, Z31384, Z31385, Z31386
       G2a2b2a5~ M426
       G2a2b2a6~ Z6030
       G2a2b2a7~ PF3912
       G2a2b2a8~ L288.2
       G2a2b2a9~ PF4685/Z2354
     G2a2b2b   PF3359, CTS5246, CTS5434/PF3392, F705/PF3348, F795/PF3354, F1006/PF3260, F1175, F1429/PF3365, F1581/PF3367, F1629/PF3368, F1705/PF3322, F1760/PF3377, F2037, F2419/PF3400, F3041/PF3414, F3242/PF3427, PF3321, PF3404, PF3418, PF3326, PF3432, PF3375, PF3388, PF3395, PF3404, PF3413, PF3417, Z6171, Z43416, Z43418
      G2a2b2b~ PF3403
       G2a2b2b1   F1193/PF3362, F2410/PF3399, PF3380, PF3430
        G2a2b2b1a   F872/PF3355, F935/PF3356, F1079, F1338, F1671/PF3374, F1932/PF3383, F2020, F2291/Z6442, F2537/PF3402, F3282, F3425/PF3431, PF3369, PF3394, PF3419
        G2a2b2b1a~ F1864, FGC7334/Z7015, FGC7342/Z7014, FGC7360/Z7013, PF3397, PF3401, PF3422, PF3426
         G2a2b2b1a1   PF3378, PF3358, PF3379, PF3385, PF3386, PF3390, PF3391, PF3393, PF3398, PF3412, PF3423, PF3433
          G2a2b2b1a1a~ PF3420/Z7024, PF3440
           G2a2b2b1a1a1~ Z6035, Z6449, Z7025
            G2a2b2b1a1a1a~ Z6452
          G2a2b2b1a1b~ PF3409, PF3444, PF3445, PF3446, PF3447, PF3448, PF3449, PF3450, PF3454, PF3455, PF3457, PF3458, PF3461, PF6874, Z6173, Z6456, Z6457, Z6458, Z6459, Z7031, Z7033
           G2a2b2b1a1b1~ PF3462, PF3464, PF3467, PF3468, PF3469, PF6878, PF6887, PF6888, Z6460, Z6461, Z6462, Z6463.1, Z7034, Z7035, Z7036, Z7037, Z7038, Z7039, Z7040, Z7041, Z7042
           G2a2b2b1a1b2~ PF3463, PF3475/Z6467, PF3476, PF3477, PF3478, PF3479, PF3480, PF3481, PF3482, PF3483, PF3484, PF3485, PF3487, PF3489, PF3490, PF3491, Z6174, Z6464, Z6466, Z6468, Z6470, Z7044, Z7045, Z7046, Z7047, Z7048, Z7050, Z7051
          G2a2b2b1a1c~ PF6873, PF6875, PF6876, Z6451, Z6453, Z6454, Z7026, Z7027, Z7028, Z7030
         G2a2b2b1a2~ F2572, F2766
          G2a2b2b1a2a~ F2686.2
           G2a2b2b1a2a1~ F2214
            G2a2b2b1a2a1a~ M310.2/PF2402.2
            G2a2b2b1a2a1b   F807, FGC7282, FGC7283, FGC7284
   G2a2b2b1b FGC41973, FGC41981, FGC41986, FGC41988, FGC52591, FGC52592, FGC52601, FGC52604
       G2a2b2b2 PH488, CTS293, CTS3084/M7833, CTS6668^, CTS7722, CTS8132, FGC1161.2/ZP56.2, PH797, PH2143, PH4240, SK1135, SK1137, SK1138, Z30934.2, Z43307, Z43308, Z43309, Z43310, Z43311, Z43312, Z43313, Z43314, Z43315, Z43417, Z43419, Z43420
        G2a2b2b2a~ CTS1455, CTS1481, Z31392 
        G2a2b2b2b~ Z43316, Z43317, Z43318, Z43319, Z43320
  G2b   M3115, FGC2909/Y12303, FGC7836/Y12930/Z8020, FGC7834/Z8019, M3110, M3145, M3155, M3191, M3200, PF5721.2, Z8017, FGC7838/Z8018
   G2b1   M377, BY753/Y12915/Z31481, BY794/FGC32389/Y12292, BY900/Y12293, BY928/Y12918, BY973/FGC32372, BY988/FGC32388, BY1090/Y12297, BY1109/Y12298, BY1172/FGC32376/Y12927, BY1263/Y12920, BY1283/FGC32395/Y12922, BY1365/Y12301, BY1431/FGC32368/Y12916, BY1502/FGC32381/Y12304, BY1740/Y12308, BY1821/Y12928, BY2086/Y12311, BY2139/Y12312, BY2159/FGC32370/Y12313, FGC32367, FGC32369/Y12929/Z31479, FGC32371/Y12917, FGC3273, FGC32375/Y12306, FGC32377/Y12291, FGC32378/Y12294, FGC32379/Y12924, FGC32380/Y12302, FGC32383/Y12296, FGC32384/Y12299, FGC32385/Y12914, FGC32390/Y12310, FGC32391/Y12926, FGC32394/Y12309, FGC32429/Y12290, FGC32430/Y12919, L72/S315, L183, M3100, M3101, M3102, M3103, M3105, M3106, M3109, M3111, M3116, M3117, M3118, M3119, M3120, M3122, M3125, M3128, M3129, M3130, M3132/S7541, M3135, M3141, M3147, M3149, M3150, M3151, M3153/S7535, M3154, M3158^, M3159, M3162, M3168, M3172^, M3174, M3175, M3176, M3177, M3178, M3179, M3180, M3182, M3184, M3185, M3187, M3188, M3190, M3192, M3194, M3198, M3201, M3203, M3208, M3212, M3215, M3216, M3220, M3642, S3577, S7520, S7524, S7536, SK1168/Y12300, SK1169/Y12923, SK1171/Y12307, Y12305^, Y12921/Z31482^, Y12925/Z35312, Z35313
    G2b1a   M283, FGC14258/Y6015, M3104, M3107, M3114, M3123, M3140, M3142, M3143, M3146, M3148, M3156, M3160, M3164, M3165, M3170, M3181, M3197^, M3202^, M3218
    G2b1a~ CTS5545.2/M3163.2/PF4554.2/YSC0001284.2, M3108, M3124, M3134, M3157, M3161, M3167, M3171, M3183, M3196, M3207, M3211
    G2b1b   FGC32402/Y12976, BY764/Y14287, BY786/Y13485, BY830/FGC32404/Y13486, BY1068/Y12978, BY1151/Y12979, BY1152/FGC32407/Y13487, BY1182/FGC32408/Y12981, BY1301/FGC32411/Y12982, BY1389/Y12983, BY1777/Y13491, BY2084/Y13492, FGC32398/Y13494, FGC32399/Y13483, FGC32401/Y13484, FGC32403/Y12977, FGC32406, FGC32412/Y13489, FGC32414/Y12984, FGC32416/Y12985, FGC32417/Y13927, FGC32418/Y12986, FGC32419/Y13490, FGC32423/Y13493, FGC32424/Y12987, FGC35737/Y12980/Z35607, Y14285/Z35316
     G2b1b1   FGC35913/Y15861/Z35318
     G2b1b1a   FGC35915/Y15862/Z35608
      G2b1b1b~ Z37827, Z37828, Z37829, Z37830
     G2b1b2   FGC32409/Y14601
     G2b1b2a   FGC32413/Y14600
       G2b1b2a1 FGC32397, FGC35735
       G2b1b2a1a~ FGC32405, FGC32410, FGC32415, FGC32421, FGC32422
       G2b1b2a1b~ Z44100, Z44101, Z44012, Z44013
       G2b1b2a1c~ FGC12299, FGC35730, FGC35731, FGC35732
    G2b1c~ CTS3357.2
   G2b2   FGC3022, FGC3023, FGC3029, FGC3073, FGC3095, FGC3108, FGC3111, FGC3145, FGC3148, Z37342
    G2b2a   Z8022, Z8023, Z8024, Z8026
    G2b2b~ Z37343, Z37344, Z37345, Z37346, Z37347


Y-DNA haplogroup G.  Scholars have proposed dates ranging from 10,000 to 23,000 years ago for the origin of this group using STR marker differences as the basis of their calculations. (Cinnioglu, Genographic Project site, Semino). Counting the differences in numbers of SNP mutations, one study (Wei) suggested that haplogroups more recent than haplogroup F (including G) had "a rapid expansion" dated at 41,000-52,000 years ago. Another study showed that haplogroup G was the first branching from haplogroup F among haplogroups G to T (Poznik). And this latter study again counting SNP mutations calculated about the same time frame for the emergence of haplogroup G based on its proportional branch length within its figure 2 which calculated the common male ancestor of all living men as living 120,000 to 156,000 years ago. A final study (Francalacci) which calibrated its calculations according to the first settlement of Sardinia gave an estimated age for haplogroup G as a separate branch as 76,670 years (mean number of mutations of 374 multiplied by 205 years per mutation, according to their data).

Researchers have also suggested various places in western Asia as the site of origin of G, but the lack of ancient DNA from that period makes confirmation of this difficult. A unitary concept of haplogroup G often has little practical importance because virtually all G men belong to G subgroups that arose much more recently and have differing geographical distributions.

These are the most common G subgroups:

G1-M285 is a much less common form of G found in populations than is G2. All haplogroup G1 men so far have the 12 value at marker DYS392 rarely seen in G except in G1 men (G project data). G1 reaches parity with G2 only in parts of Iran reaching there up to 5 percent of all men. G1 is far less common in Europe, North Africa and Asia (G Project data, Cinnioglu, Regueiro, and DYS392=12 G1 estimates from Adams, El-Sabai, Ferri, Ghiani, Heber, Lovrecic, Nasidze-YHRD data from 3 studies, Rodriguez, Sengupta, Zalloua-2 studies). A Kazakh, a Middle Eastern and two Ashkenazi Jewish G1 subgroups exist (Biro, G project data). Using STR marker differences, Rootsi calculated the expansion time of M285 as 19,271 years 6,158 years.

G2a1a-FGC595/Z6553.  All G2a1 (FGC595/Z6553) men so far have the 10 value at marker DYS392 rarely seen in G except in FGC595/Z6553 men. The subgroup FGC595/Z6553 (formerly P16) is found in high percentages in the central Caucasus Mountains area and is rare elsewhere. Small clusters are found among Ashkenazi Jews, some eastern Europeans and among Maronite Christians in Lebanon (Nasidze data in YHRD database, G project, Haber, Balanovsky and data). The Rootsi study using STR marker differences calculated the coalescence age estimate for FGC595/Z6553 at 9,400 years ago. Because of stability problems, P16 listed in the studies has been replaced on the tree by equivalent FGC595/Z6553.

G2a2a-PF3147 men are found scattered throughout southwest and southern Asia and, though rare in Europe, reach observable levels in Corsica and Sardinia (Keller, Francalacci, G Project data). A double value for DYS19 in G is found almost exclusively within G2a2a though men with the same double value will not be reported as such. G2a2a includes Oetzi, the Iceman mummy preserved for over 5000 years in the Italian Alps (Keller).

G2a2b1-M406 occurs in highest frequency in the eastern Mediterranean area reaching up to 5 percent of all men. A high percentage of M406 men have a value of 21 at marker DYS390 which is rare in G otherwise. M406 is more common in southern Europe than in northern Europe. A distinctive Ashkenazi Jewish subgroup of M406 exists (King, Rootsi, G project and Cinnioglu data). One study using STR marker differences calculated the expansion time for M406 in Anatolia at 12,800 years ago (Rootsi).

G2a2b2a1-L140 is the dominant G group in Europe (perhaps 80 percent of G samples) and may reach up to about 7 percent of all men in a country but averages about 3 percent. A high percentage of G2a2b2a1 samples form three major subgroups, Z725+ (DYS388=13 and predominantly CTS4803+), Z2022+ (YCA=20,21) and Z1903+ (DYS568=9). One U1 subgroup within L140 (L1266) is the only L140 subgroup confirmed in some frequency outside Europe and that only in the Caucasus region, particularly in the northwest (G Project, Balanovsky, Rootsi data). North of the European borders of the once Roman Empire, the prevalence of these three L140 subgroups (and G in general) falls considerably, and the three subgroups are found in noticeable amounts in almost all regions of the once Roman Empire in Europe except among the Basques of Spain. The rapid expansion of these L140 groups seems to have occurred in the European Bronze Age. An Ashkenazi Jewish cluster from northeastern Europe comprises about half of the Z1903 subgroup, and this Jewish subgroup represents an exception to usual European boundaries mentioned. An unusual concentration of Z1903 men occurs in Sardinia, and a high concentration of L497 was also found in isolated valleys of southwestern Austria. The connection of the three main L140 subgroups to Sea Peoples, Etruscans, Alans and Sarmatians and earlier groups who migrated to Europe is widely debated and cannot be settled until matching DNA is found in skeletal remains. Using differences in STR marker value differences, Rootsi calculated the expansion time of the Z2022 subgroup as 7,100 years 2,300 years and 10,870 years 3,029 years for L497 in central Europe (All info from Berger, miscellaneous L140 data from Adams, Rootsi, Francalacci and over 2,000 L140 samples in G project).

G2a2b2b-CTS5434/PF3392 is found in noticeable numbers so far only in Sardinia (Francalacci data).

G2b1-M377. Available M377 samples are either (a) those from G-FGC35913/Y15861/Z35318 Ashkenazi Jewish men with known ancestry in northeastern Europe who have a null value for marker DYS425 or (b) a small number of men from the Mediterranean areas and Armenia, and more noticeably from Afghanistan, Pakistan and among Indian Pathans (Sengupta and G Project data). Using STR marker differences Rootsi calculated a coalescence estimate of 5,600 years ago for M377 men, though the age of the overall M377 branch of G is certainly much older.

Geographical distribution so far of haplogroup G subgroups (not complete):
       ==M342 Branch==
G1a1a1 - L201
       n.e. Europe (Ashkenazi Jews)
G1a1a2 - L1323
G1a1a3 - GG1
G1a1a4 - Y14914
       Kuwait, Syria
G1a1b - GG362
       Slovakia, Germany, Turkey, India (Gujaratis), n.e. Europe (Ashkenazi Jews)
G1a2a - GG162
       s.w.Russia (Bashkirs)
G1a2b - GG265
G1a3 - F454.2
       n.w. Europe
G1b1a - Z18606
       n.e. Europe (Ashkenazi Jews)
G1b1b - Z30744
       Kuwait, Qatar
       ==FGC7535 Branch (formerly L293)==
                                                      [general FGC595 - Iran (ancient DNA, abt 6850 yrs ago) ]
                                                      [general FGC595 - Georgia (Soviet leader Joseph Stalin) ]
G2a1a1a1a1a - FGC750
       Ossetian Russia, Turkey, Georgia
G2a1a1a1a1b - FGC1047
G2a1a1a1b - CTS8481
G2a1a1a2 - FGC1160
       n.e. Europe (Ashkenazi Jews), Russia (Karachays, Lezgins)
G2a1a2 - Z17774
       Italy, England, Pakistan (Punjabis)
G2a1a3 - Z31464
G2a2a1a1 - FGC6669
       w. Europe, Turkey, Lebanon (Druze)
G2a2a1a3 - FGC34625
       England, Georgia
       ==PF3147 Branch==
                                                  [general PF3148 - Germany, ancient DNA,  abt 7000 yrs ago]
                                                  [general L91 - Turkey, ancient DNA, abt 8200 yrs ago]
G2a2a1a2a1a - L166
       Oetzi the (n.e. Italy) Iceman, abt 5300 yrs ago, Pakistan (Punjabis), Germany, Sardinian Italy
G2a2a1a2a1b - Z6802
       Sardinian Italy
G2a2a1a2a2 - FGC2315
       Germany, Sardinian Italy, Tunisia
G2a2a1a2b - PH97
G2a2a1b - FGC34451
       Pakistan, Wales
G2a2a2 - Z36520
       France, Uzbekistan (Jews)
       ==M406 Branch==
G2a2b1a1a - L14
       Qatar, Italy, Sardinian Italy
G2a2b1a1b - Z17887
       Russia, Germany, Italy, Greece (Cappadocians), Turkey (Armenians)
G2a2b1a2 - M3302
       Turkey (Armenians), Pakistan (Pashtuns), Italy, U.K.
G2a2b1b - PF3293
       Italy, Sardinian Italy, n.w. Iran, Kazakhstan, n.e. Europe (Ashkenazi Jews)
G2a2b1c - Z6340
       Sardinian Italy
       ==U1 Branch==
G2a2b2a1a1a1a1a -FGC998
       w. Europe, Cyprus (Greeks)
G2a2b2a1a1a1a1b - Z2017
       Spain, England, Turkey (Jews)
G2a2b2a1a1a1a2 - Z30831
       British Isles, Poland
G2a2b2a1a1a1b - Z32842.2
G2a2b2a1a1a2a - L1264
       n.w. Europe, Russia, Russia (Kabardinians)
G2a2b2a1a2b - PH1780
       Georgia, U.K., Russia
G2a2b2a1a2c - Z6153
       Sardinian Italy
       ==L497 Branch==
G - L43
- S2808
G - Z3441
       France, Wales, Poland
G - Z31321
G- Z42514
       Germany, France
G - Z39507
G - Z16770
       n.w Europe, Hungary
G - Z27567
G - Z6031
       Sardinian Italy
G - Z30723
G - FGC477
       U.K., Germany
G - FGC801
G - CTS718
G - Z31846
G - S10458
       Germany, U.K.
G - Z27264
       ==CTS342 Branch==
                                              [general CTS342, Turkey, ancient DNA, abt 6250 yrs ago]
G2a2b2a1a1c1a1 - L640
       England, Ireland
G2a2b2a1a1c1a1b1a - FGC7477
       Sierra Leone, n.e. Europe (Ashkenazi Jews), Lebanon, Romania, U.K.
G2a2b2a1a1c1a1b2 - Z6032
       England, Italy, Sardinian Italy
G2a2b2a1a1c1a1b3 - CTS10540
G2a2b2a1a1c1a1c - Z6163
       Sardinian Italy
G2a2b2a1a1c1b - CTS722
G2a2b2a1a1c1c - FGC28552
G2a2b2a1a1c2a - L660
       England, Poland
G2a2b2a1a1c2b - Z16670
       Saudi Arabia
       ==P303, L140 Root Area==
G2a2b2a1a1a4 - SK1154
G2a2b2a2 - M278
       Greece, Spain
G2a2b2a3 - Z6885
G2a2b2a4 - Z30503
       India, Pakistan
G2a2b2a5 - M426
       Pakistan (Kalash)
G2a2b2a6 - Z6030
       Sardinian Italy
       ==PF3359 Branch==
                                                     [general PF3359, Spain, ancient DNA, abt 4700 yrs ago)
                                                     [general F872, Hungary, ancient DNA, abt 7500 yrs ago)
                                                     [general F1193, Hungary, ancient DNA, abt 7150 yrs ago)
G2a2b2b1a1 - PF3378
       Netherlands, Sardinian Italy, Germany
G2a2b2b2 - CTS293
       Palestine, England?
       ==PF5721.2 Branch==
G2b1a - M283
       Pakistan, Afghanistan, Sicilian Italy
G2b1b - FGC32402
       n.e. Europe (Ashkenazi Jews)
G2b2 - FGC3022
      Italy, Turkey (Armenians)


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Athey et al, Y-SNP rs34134567 Defines a Large Subgroup of Haplogroup G2a-P15. (pdf) Journal of Genetic Genealogy, 4(2):149-150, 2008.
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Behar et al, Genome-Wide Structure of the Jewish People. Nature, 446:238-42, 2010.
Berger et al, High Resolution Mapping of Y haplogroup G in Tyrol (Austria). Forensic Science International: Genetics, 7(5), 529-36, 2013.
Bertoncini et al, The Dual Origin of Tati-speakers from Dagestan as Written in the Genealogy of Uniparental Variants. (abstract) American Journal of Human Biology, Volume 24, Issue 4, pages 391-399, July/August 2012.
Biro et al, A Y-Chromosomal Comparison of the Madjars (Kazakhstan) and the Magyars (Hungary), American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 139(3): 305-10, 2009. (abstract)
Bosch et al, Paternal and Maternal Lineages in the Balkans Show a Homogeneous Landscape over Linguistis Barriers except for the Isolated Aromuns. Annals of Human Genetics, 70:459-87, (2006).
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Keller et al, New Insights into the Tyrolean Iceman's Origin and Phenotype as Inferred by Whole-genome Sequencing. Nature Communications, DOI: 10.1038/ncomms1701, 2023.
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King et al, Differential Y-chromosome Anatolian Influences on the Greek and Cretan Neolithic., Annals of Human Genetics, 72:205-214, 2008.
Kivisild et al, The Genetic Heritage of the Earliest Settlers Persists in Both Indian Tribal and Caste Populations. (pdf) American Journal of Human Genetics, 72: 313-332, 2003.
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Nasidze et al, MtDNA and Y-chromosome Variation in Kurdish Groups. (abstract) Annals of Human Genetics, 69: 401-412, 2005.
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Additional Resources:
ISOGG Wiki - What you need to know about Genetic Genealogy.
Ancient DNA samples  Includes Haplogroup G samples.
Haplogroup G (Y-DNA) Projects, Ray Banks, Rolf Langland, Brian Hamman, Leon Kull, Alain Verschaeren, Alan Berezov, Stephen Asciak, Ted Kandell, Nancy Grossman, Boed Marres, Ben van Beurden.

Corrections/Additions made since 1 January 2017:

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