From ISOGG Wiki
The object of our Famous DNA pages is to provide information for educational purposes and interest. This is a rapidly advancing field and the technology for reading and interpreting ancient and forensic DNA evidence is constantly evolving. Consequently the results of earlier studies, especially those published prior to the advent of next generation sequencing, may be unreliable. Inclusion of studies on these pages does not imply endorsement from ISOGG. Please read the full text of the our disclaimer page for more information. Any linked pages listed on this page may be broken down into DNA types or groups and there may be specific pages with additional information about a specific person or group.
Neanderthal skulls were first discovered in Engis, Belgium, in 1829, but derive their name from the Neander Valley in Germany, the site of a later find in 1856. For many years, the debate has raged as to whether Neanderthals are a predecessor to modern humans.
Mitochondrial DNA extracted from ancient Neanderthal remains have been typed and found to differ significantly from human mitochondrial DNA. While the results do not indicate a common ancestry, a team of scientists in Germany have recovered and sequenced Y-chromosome DNA from a 49,000 year-old Neanderthal. The team estimates that Homo sapiens sapiens and Homo neanderthalensis may have shared a common ancestor in the Homo genus several hundred thousand years ago.
|AF254446||T16086C G16129A A16139T C16148T G16156A C16169T A16182. A16183. T16189C 16193.C 16193.C T16209C C16223T A16230G C16234T G16244A C16256A C16262T 16263.A C16278T A16299G T16311C C16320T C16344T T16362C|
|AF011222||A16037G A16078G T16093C C16107T C16108T C16111T C16112T G16129A A16139T C16148T T16154C C16169T A16183. T16189C 16193.C T16209C C16223T A16230G C16234T G16244A C16256A A16258G C16262T 16263.A C16278T A16299G T16311C C16320T T16362C C16400T|
|AF282971||A16037G A16078G G16129A A16139T C16148T T16154C C16169T A16182. A16183. T16189C 16193.C 16193.C T16209C C16223T A16230G C16234T G16244A C16256A A16258G C16262T 16263.A C16278T A16299G T16311C C16320T T16362C|
|AY149291||A16037G A16078G G16129A A16139T C16148T T16154C C16169T A16182. A16183. T16189C 16193.C 16193.C T16209C C16223T A16230G C16234T G16244A C16256A C16262T 16263.A C16278T A16299G T16311C C16320T T16362C|
|DQ464008 (Belgium)||C16223T A16230G C16234T T16243C G16244A C16256A C16262T 16263.A C16266T C16278T C16291T A16299G T16311C C16320T|
|AF282972||A73G T146C C150T T152C A189G A200G A243G T245C G247A C262T A263G 304.T C338T|
|AF142095||A73G T146C C150T T152C A189G A243G T245C G247A C262T A263G 307.T 307.T 307.T T391C|
- Ovchinnikov I, Goodwin W. "The isolation and identification of Neanderthal mitochondrial DNA." Profiles in DNA 2001, 4, 2: 7-9
- Gitlin, Jonathan M. "Neanderthal DNA Sequenced." Ars Technica. N.p., 16 May 2006. Web. 20 Nov. 2016.
- "Neanderthal Yields Nuclear DNA." BBC News. BBC, 16 May 2006. Web. 20 Nov. 2016.
- The purpose of the "Neanderthal DNA" page is to provide a compilation of DNA results of ancient homo neanderthalensis for comparison and educational purposes only. The HVR1 region spans 16024 -16383 and HVR2 is 57-372.