From ISOGG Wiki
The founder effect is the reduction in genetic variation that results when a small subset of a large population is used to establish a new colony. The new population may be very different from the original population, both in terms of its genotypes and phenotypes. In some cases, the founder effect plays a role in the emergence of new species.
The term genetic drift is also used. Many people regard the two terms as synonymous.
- Bottlenecks and founder effects. Understanding evolution website from the University of California Museum of Paleontology.
- Chris Pomery. Divided by the Pond: why genetic drift means US results can't pinpoint the origin of a British surname. Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter, Plus Edition, 23 September 2009.
- Ann Gibbons. Life on the fertile frontier. Science 4 November 2011 Vol 334 (6056): 582.
- Gauvin H, Moreau C, Lefebvre J-F et al (2014). Genome-wide patterns of identity-by-descent sharing in the French Canadian founder population. European Journal of Human Genetics 22, 814–821.
- Claudia Moreau, Claude Bhérer, Hélène Vézina, Michèle Jomphe, Damian Labuda, and Laurent Excoffier (2011). Deep Human Genealogies Reveal a Selective Advantage to Be on an Expanding Wave Front Science 25 November 2011: 334 (6059): 1148-1150.
- J M Greeff (2007). Deconstructing Jaco: genetic heritage of an Afrikaner. Annals of Human Genetics 71: 674–688.
- How a rare skin disease links South Africa to an 18th Century French seaman by Michèle Ramsay and Thandiswa Ngcungcu. The Conversation, 4 June 2017.
- Monday K. Recent founder's effect: bottlenecking and 6 Tahitian women on Pitcairn island . Hawaiian DNA blog, 21 December 2015.
This article uses material in the public domain from the Talking Glossary of Genetic Terms and is reproduced courtesy of the National Human Genome Research Institute.