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This page collects Y-DNA (paternal lineage) results for famous men sorted by haplogroups and in chronological order. The provisional criteria for inclusion in the list:
- Published Y-DNA results of the person or a relative in the paternal (surname) lineage. Inferred paternal descent or relation is of limited evidence which could be disproved or improved by future research. Usually with Y-STRs the haplogroup is only predicted, Y-SNPs confirm the haplogroup.
- Evidence of “importance” if one of the following conditions is met:
- Wikipedia article existing at least since 6 months and preferably in English or another language spoken by millions of people;
- In Publications: Mentioned with achievements or resume in scientific publications, especially historical books.
- Mass Media presence: Dedicated multiple coverage in media reaching millions of people.
- 1 E1b
- 2 G2a
- 3 I1
- 4 N
- 5 O
- 6 R1b
- 7 Deduction by descendant testing
- 7.1 Alexander Hamilton
- 7.2 William Harvey
- 7.3 Adolf Hitler
- 7.4 Thomas Jefferson
- 7.5 Napoleon
- 7.6 Niall of the Nine Hostages
- 7.7 Nurhaci & the Qing Dynasty of China
- 7.8 Fred Phelps
- 7.9 Franklin Pierce and James Buchanan
- 7.10 Fath Ali Shah Qajar
- 7.11 Edmund Rice
- 7.12 Rurik of Novgorod
- 7.13 Somerled
- 7.14 Joseph Stalin
- 7.15 Zachary Taylor, William McKinley and Woodrow Wilson
- 7.16 Leo Tolstoy
- 7.17 Tonu Trubetsky
- 7.18 Colla Uais
- 7.19 John L. Worden
- 7.20 Royal Wettin Line (aka King George V)
- 7.21 The Wright Brothers
- 7.22 Zhu Xi & the Ming Dynasty of China
- 7.23 William Carpenter of Providence
- 8 Sources
- 9 References
Ramesses III, ancient Y-DNA
According to a genetic study in December 2012, Ramesses III, second Pharaoh of the Twentieth Dynasty and considered to be the last great New Kingdom king to wield any substantial authority over Egypt, belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup E1b1a, mainly found in West Africa, Central Africa, Southwest Africa and Southeast Africa.
Albert Einstein, relative Y-DNA
belonged to haplogroup E1b1b1b2* E-Z830, with a sample taken from a paternal descendants of Naphtali Hirsch Einstein
Ötzi the Iceman, ancient Y-DNA
Ötzi the Iceman from early Bronze Age Alps has been found to be Y-DNA haplogroup G2a2b. The actual term used was G2a4, but the presumed L91 mutation has since been given a new category, G2a2b.
French Kings from Henry IV to Louis XVI "Bourbon", ancient Y-DNA
King Louis XVI of France from a genetic test on blood in a cloth purported to have been collected at his beheading and maintained in an ornate gourd decorated with French Revolution themes. Confirmation of this genetic profile requires testing of a known relative. The sample was tested at two laboratories with the same results. The sample is most consistent with G2a3b1a samples and contains unusually high, rare values for markers DYS385B and DYS458 in this haplogroup G subgroup. Subsequent testing in 2012 on a mummified head, purportedly that of King Henri IV of France, revealed that typing of a limited number of Y-STR's showed a Y-Dna haplogroup of G2a. Reported researchers: "Five STR loci [from the sample taken from the head] match the alleles found in Louis XVI, while another locus shows an allele that is just one mutation step apart. Taking into consideration that the partial Y-chromosome profile is extremely rare in modern human databases, we concluded that both males could be paternally related." The two French kings were separated by seven generations.
Birger Magnusson, ancient Y-DNA
Birger Jarl, the founder of Stockholm the modern capital of Sweden, according to Andreas Carlsson at The National Board of Forensic Medicine of Sweden, belonged to haplogroup I1. Birger Magnusson was the ancestor of a line of kings of both Sweden and Norway, starting with his son Valdemar Birgersson.
Gediminas, descendant Y-DNA
As it was thought that the Lithuanian family of Gediminas or the Gediminids might ultimately belong to the Rurikid line, the same Rurikid Dynasty DNA Project sought to discover the haplogroup of their famous founder Gediminas. It was surprisingly found that while this is not precisely the case, the Gediminids also belong to the Y-DNA Haplogroup N1c1, yet of a different subclade. In fact the Gediminids and Rurikids are actually very distant cousins, sharing a common ancestor circa 2,500 years ago.
Cao Cao, the Cao Wei State of Ancient China & the Takamuko Clan of Japan, descendant Y-DNA
Chinese warlord Cao Cao, who was posthumously titled Emperor Wu of the state of Cao Wei, apparently belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup O2 according to DNA tests of some documented descendants. The Takamuko clan of Japan claims agnatic descent from Cao Pi, who was the first Emperor of the state of Cao Wei and the eldest son of Cao Cao. This suggests that the Takamuko clan also belongs to Y-DNA haplogroup O2. The Takamuko clan is most famous for Takamuko no Kuromaro.
Tutankhamun, 18th Dynasty of Egypt, presumed ancient Y-STR
Y-STR testing on some of the related male Mummies of the 18th Dynasty of Egypt (ca. 1550–1292 BC) predicted them to belong to R1b-M269  . However the Y-chromosome of King Tut (ruled ca. 1332 BC) has never been published, and his DNA profile was reconstructed at Zurich-based DNA genealogy centre, iGENEA, based on some screencaps from a Discovery Channel documentary that may or may not belong to the Pharaoh.
Emperor Nicholas I & II, Russia, House of Oldenburg, ancient and descendant Y-DNA
Y-STR extracted from a bloodstained shirt of Nicholas II of Russia (1868–1918) has been predicted as having an R1b haplotype. Testing of descendants of the greatgreatgrandfather Nicholas I of Russia (1796–1855) has confirmed the haplotype. Possible Y-DNA ancestor is Christian I of Denmark (1426-1481) from the influential Royal House of Oldenburg with many branches that rule or have ruled in Denmark, Russia, Greece, Norway, Schleswig, Holstein, Oldenburg and Sweden.
Charles Darwin, relative Y-DNA
Charles Darwin belonged to Haplogroup R1b, based on a sample from his great-great-grandson. (assuming paternity being as the family argues)
John Adams and John Quincy Adams, descendant Y-DNA
United States presidents John Adams and his son John Quincy Adams belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup R1b (assuming paternity matches the reported genealogy).
Deduction by descendant testing
Alexander Hamilton belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup I1.
Famous English physician William Harvey, who was the first in the Western world to describe systemic circulation, belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup E1b1b1, more specifically to the subclade E1b1b1c1 (M34). Most ancient ancestor known was Humphrey Harvey (1459–1526, Kent, England).
Look also Harvey Y-DNA Genetic Project
Adolf Hitler, Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, is believed to belong to Y-DNA Haplogroup E1b1b1 (E-M35), an haplogroup which originated in East Africa about 22,400 years BP. According to Ronny Decorte, genetics expert at Katholieke Universiteit Leuven who sampled Hitler's current patrilineal living relatives, Hitler "would not have been happy" as the research could be interpreted to show that his own origins were neither "pure" nor "Aryan". Decorte said that permission from the Russian government to make a conclusive analysis of the jawbone of Adolf Hitler, or from the bloodstained cloth of the sofa where he committed suicide would put an end to the speculations, but that had not been granted.Family Tree DNA, the largest Y-chromosome testing organization for genealogy and ancestry purposes later announced that the interpretation of Hitler’s ancestry given by certain media outlets, based on information released by Jean-Paul Mulders and historian Marc Vermeeren, is "highly questionable". With a Y-chromosome database containing close to 200,000 samples from different populations, Family Tree DNA’s Chief Y-DNA Scientist, Professor Michael Hammer said that "scientific studies as well as records from our own database make it clear that one cannot reach the kind of conclusion featured in the published articles." Based on Family Tree DNA records, no less than 9% of the populations of Germany and Austria belong to the haplogroup E1b1b, and among those, the vast majority - about 80% -are not associated with Jewish ancestry. "This data clearly show that just because one person belongs to the branch of the Y-chromosome referred to as haplogroup E1b1b, that does not mean the person is likely to be of Jewish ancestry," said Professor Hammer.Mulders confirmed the misinterpretation of his account with the following statement to Family Tree DNA: "I never wrote that Hitler was a Jew, or that he had a Jewish grandfather. I only wrote that Hitler's haplogroup is E1b1b, being more common among Berbers, Somalian people and Jews than among overall Germans. This, in order to convey that he was not exactly what during the Third Reich would have been called 'Aryan.' All the rest are speculations of journalists who didn't even take the trouble to read my article, although I had it translated into English especially for this purpose."Interpretations claiming that these DNA results show that Hitler possibly had Jewish ancestry are contradicted by the conclusion of Jean-Paul Mulders: "Hitler had no Jewish blood nor a French son."
Direct male-line descendants of a cousin of United States president Thomas Jefferson were DNA tested to investigate historical assertions that Jefferson fathered children with his slave Sally Hemings. An extended 17-marker haplotype was published in 2007, and the company Family Tree DNA has also published results for other markers in its standard first 12-marker panel. Combining these sources gives the consolidated 21-marker haplotype below. The Jeffersons belong to Haplogroup T (former K2).
Napoleon Bonaparte belonged to haplogroup E1b1b1c1* (E-M34*). This haplogroup has its highest concentration in Ethiopia and in the Near East (Jordan). According to the authors of the study, "Probably Napoléon also knew his remote oriental patrilineal origins, because Francesco Buonaparte (the Giovanni son), who was a mercenary under the orders of the Genoa Republic in Ajaccio in 1490, was nicknamed “The Maur of Sarzane”.
Niall of the Nine Hostages
A recent study conducted at Trinity College, Dublin, found that a striking percentage of men in Ireland (and quite a few in Scotland) share the same Y chromosome. Results suggested that the 5th-century warlord known as "Niall of the Nine Hostages" (or a male ancestor) may be the male-line ancestor of one in 12 Irishmen. Niall established a dynasty of powerful chieftains who dominated the island for six centuries. Niall belongs to Haplogroup R1b1c7 (M222). It should be noted that Dr. Moore's results examined some different parts of DNA (loci) from the result given here.
Nurhaci & the Qing Dynasty of China
Nurhaci, founding father of the Qing Dynasty, may have belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup C3c according to DNA tests of men from northeastern China and Mongolia which revealed a unique haplotype. This haplotype belongs to haplogroup C3c, and is estimated to be about five centuries old. Its very recent spread corresponds with the rise to power of the Qing dynasty. Testing of known descendants of Nurhaci would help confirm this finding.
Fred Phelps, the creator of the infamous Westboro Baptist Church, belongs to haplogroup R1b. He descends from James Phelps of Chowan, North Carolina.
Franklin Pierce and James Buchanan
belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup R1b1.
Fath Ali Shah Qajar
Fath Ali Shah Qajar (1772-1834), the second emperor/shah of the Qajar Dynasty of Persia belonged to haplogroup J1 with DYS388 = 13 as deducted from testing of descendants of several of his sons.
Edmund Rice, an early immigrant to Massachusetts Bay Colony and a founder of Sudbury and Marlborough, belonged to haplogroup I1.
Rurik of Novgorod
His male-line descendants founded Kievan Rus', and ultimately the Tsardom of Russia, including Ivan the Terrible until 1598. They belong to the Uralo-Finnic Y-DNA Haplogroup N (N1c1). Most living Princes of the Rurik Dynasty or Rurikids also belong to this haplogroup, specifically those descending from Vladimir II Monomakh. The remainder belong to Haplogroup R1a (Y-DNA) below, and so have been suggested to be of Slavic origin.
Ysearch: EAKVQ, WYAK3, HP2VB
Source: Russian Nobility DNA Project. Note, however, that this information originally came from the Rurikid Dynasty DNA Project: 
Oxford University researchers traced the Y-chromosome signature of Somerled of Argyll, one of Scotland's greatest warriors, who is credited with driving out the Vikings. He was also paternal grandfather of the founder of Clan Donald. Through clan genealogies, the genetic relation was mapped out. Somerled belongs to haplogroup R1a1.In 2005 a study by Professor of Human Genetics Bryan Sykes of Oxford University led to the conclusion that Somerled has possibly 500,000 living descendants - making him the second most common historical ancestor after Genghis Khan. Sykes deduced that despite Somerled's reputation for having driven out the Vikings from Scotland, Somerled's own Y-DNA most closely matched that of the Vikings he fought.The Y-DNA sequence is as follows (12 markers):
Joseph Stalin, from a genetic test on his grandson (his son Vasily's son, Alexander Burdonsky) and his grand-nephew, is shown to be Y-DNA-wise of G2a1.
Zachary Taylor, William McKinley and Woodrow Wilson
All these United States presidents belong to Y-DNA haplogroup R1b1c (assuming actual paternity matches their genealogy).
Leo Tolstoy, the Russian writer, belonged to Haplogroup I1.
R1a1a, shown not related to real Princes Trubetskoy.
Colla Uais had previously been deduced as belonging to Y-DNA haplogroup R1b, based on results from DNA projects, and as having the following haplotype:
This identification proved to be ill-founded and has since been revoked.
John L. Worden
John Lorimer Worden of the U.S. Navy, commanding officer of U.S.S. Monitor in the Battle of Hampton Roads, first historical confrontation between iron-made ships, as member of main lineage of Worden family, is supposed to belong to Y-DNA haplogroup J2b2.
Royal Wettin Line (aka King George V)
An important outcome as a result of Brad Michael Little's research in his book The King's Son (The Evidence) is that the haplogroup of the Royal Wettin Line of King George V, Edward VII, George VI plus almost 600 of their ancestors and cousins is now known.
It is downstream of DF98 (a branch of R1b-U106). Technically its full SNP profile is R1b-U106 > Z381 > Z156> Z306 > Z304 > DF98 > S18823 > S22069 > S8350. Further details can be found at http://the-kings-son.com/royal_wettin_haplogroup.
The Wright Brothers
The Wright Brothers of the United States belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup E1b1b1, subclade E1b1b1a2 (V13). They were supposedly descended from Robert Wright of Brook Hall, Essex, England. Look at Wright DNA Project.
Zhu Xi & the Ming Dynasty of China
Zhu Xi, the most influential Neo-Confucian scholar and philosopher in Chinese history, may have belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup O2a1a according to the DNA test of one documented descendant. This finding is significant since Zhu Xi was allegedly a distant cousin several times removed of Zhu Yuanzhang, founding emperor and ancestor of China's Ming Dynasty according to Zhu (surname) records. Given the sample size, however, this result cannot be regarded as conclusive and further testing of other documented descendants of Zhu Xi is necessary to help confirm or refute this finding. Furthermore, testing of documented descendants of Zhu Yuanzhang would help confirm whether there is in fact a recent, common male ancestry between Zhu Xi and the Emperors of the Ming Dynasty.
William Carpenter of Providence
William Carpenter (b. ca. 1610 in Wiltshire, England) is the first person bearing the surname "Carpenter" to make permanent settlement in America in 1635. He settled in Providence, Rhode Island, then called Providence Plantation and was instrumental in the development of the Colony holding many public offices.
The haplotype DNA testing of representative samples of member of Group 2 based on Single-nucleotide polymorphism or SNP testing reveals Haplogroup R1a1a1b1a. See also the 2015 ISOGG tree for the shorthand code of R-Z282.
This William Carpenter (born about 1610) is often confused with William Carpenter of Rehoboth born about 1605 in Wiltshire, England, who came to America in 1638. They share the same Haplogroup.
- Wikipedia list of haplogroups of historical and famous figures
- DNA-Profils and haplogroups of famous persons
- Dienekes Blog Ancient Y chromosome studies
- Blog Links: thegeneticgenealogist.com
- The Tutankhamun DNA Project, Igenea,
- "http://dienekes.blogspot.com/2009/02/y-chromosome-of-tsar-nicholas-ii.html". Dienekes.blogspot.com. 2009-02-27. doi:10.1073/pnas.0811190106. http://dienekes.blogspot.com/2009/02/y-chromosome-of-tsar-nicholas-ii.html. Retrieved 2011-05-12.
- "Supporting Information (The last Russian emperor)" (PDF). http://www.pnas.org/content/suppl/2009/02/27/0811190106.DCSupplemental/0811190106SI.pdf. Retrieved 2011-05-12.
- The full name for 156Y is DXYS156Y. The value of DXYS 156Y was reported as 7 in the original paper. This is believed to translate to 12 in the convention now used by DNA testing labs and online databases. The Y version of a marker that can be found on both the X and Y chromosomes.
- SEE: "GENEALOGICAL & FAMILY HISTORY OF WESTERN NEW YORK", LEWIS 1912, PAGE 274.