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Famous DNA

Y-Chromosome DNA

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The object of our Famous DNA pages is to provide information for educational purposes and interest. This is a rapidly advancing field and the technology for reading and interpreting ancient and forensic DNA evidence is constantly evolving. Consequently the results of earlier studies, especially those published prior to the advent of next generation sequencing, may be unreliable. Inclusion of studies on these pages does not imply endorsement from ISOGG. Please read the full text of the our disclaimer page for more information. Any linked pages listed on this page may be broken down into DNA types or groups and there may be specific pages with additional information about a specific person or group.

This page collects Y-DNA (paternal lineage) results for famous men sorted by haplogroups and alphabetically based on listing requirements to be included on this page. Many listed will be inferred DNA results based on descendant testing, direct or indirect. They will be noted as deduction by descendant testing when relevant.

Haplogroup E


Napoléon Bonaparte belonged to haplogroup E1b1b1c1* (E-M34*).[1] Partial DNA results from beard hair follicles assumed to belong to Napoléon were compared to a 37 marker Y DNA test result from Napoléon's 3rd great nephew, Prince Charles Napoléon. Napoléon's DNA results from the hair only tested 3 STR markers, however these 3 alleles were an exact match to Prince Charles Napoléon's DNA results. The matching alleles are shown below.

STR Y-DNA Matching Markers
Name Haplogroup 19 YCAIIa YCAIIb
Name Haplogroup 19 YCAIIa YCAIIb
Napoléon and Prince Charles Napoléon E1b1b1c1* (E-M34*).[1] 13 19 22

Prince Charles Napoléon is related to Napoléon through Napoléon's brother Jérôme.

Paternal Lineage Reported[1]
Charles-Marie Buonaparte
Prince Jérôme
Prince Victor
Prince Napoléon
Prince Charles Napoléon
(1950- )
Prince Jean-Christophe Napoléon
(1986- )

Haplogroup G

Ötzi the Iceman, ancient Y-DNA

Ötzi the Iceman from early Bronze Age Alps has been found to be Y-DNA haplogroup G2a2b. The actual term used was G2a4, but the presumed L91 mutation has since been given a new category, G2a2b[2].

Haplogroup I

Alexander Hamilton

Alexander Hamilton belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup I1.

Birger Magnusson, ancient Y-DNA

Birger Jarl, the founder of Stockholm the modern capital of Sweden, according to Andreas Carlsson at The National Board of Forensic Medicine of Sweden, belonged to haplogroup I1.[3] Birger Magnusson was the ancestor of a line of kings of both Sweden and Norway, starting with his son Valdemar Birgersson.

Edmund Rice

Edmund Rice, an early immigrant to Massachusetts Bay Colony and a founder of Sudbury and Marlborough, belonged to haplogroup I1.

Leo Tolstoy

Leo Tolstoy, the Russian writer, belonged to Haplogroup I1.

Haplogroup J

John L. Worden

John Lorimer Worden of the U.S. Navy, commanding officer of U.S.S. Monitor in the Battle of Hampton Roads, first historical confrontation between iron-made ships, as member of main lineage of Worden family, is supposed to belong to Y-DNA haplogroup J2b2.

Haplogroup O

Cao Cao, the Cao Wei State of Ancient China & the Takamuko Clan of Japan, descendant Y-DNA

Chinese warlord Cao Cao, who was posthumously titled Emperor Wu of the state of Cao Wei, apparently belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup O2 according to DNA tests of some documented descendants.[4][5] The Takamuko clan of Japan claims agnatic descent from Cao Pi, who was the first Emperor of the state of Cao Wei and the eldest son of Cao Cao. This suggests that the Takamuko clan also belongs to Y-DNA haplogroup O2. The Takamuko clan is most famous for Takamuko no Kuromaro.

Haplogroup R

William Carpenter of Providence

William Carpenter (b. ca. 1610 in Wiltshire, England) is the first person bearing the surname "Carpenter" to make permanent settlement in America in 1635.[6] He settled in Providence, Rhode Island, then called Providence Plantation and was instrumental in the development of the Colony holding many public offices.

The haplotype DNA testing of representative samples of member of Group 2 based on Single-nucleotide polymorphism or SNP testing reveals Haplogroup R1a1a1b1a.[7] See also the 2015 ISOGG tree for the shorthand code of R-Z282.

This William Carpenter (born about 1610) is often confused with William Carpenter of Rehoboth born about 1605 in Wiltshire, England, who came to America in 1638. They share the same Haplogroup.

Charles Darwin, relative Y-DNA

Charles Darwin belonged to Haplogroup R1b, based on a sample from his great-great-grandson Chris Darwin (assuming paternity being as the family argues).[8]

Niall of the Nine Hostages

A recent study conducted at Trinity College, Dublin,[65] found that a striking percentage of men in Ireland (and quite a few in Scotland) share the same Y chromosome.  Results suggested that the 5th-century warlord known as "Niall of the Nine Hostages" (or a male ancestor) may be the male-line ancestor of one in 12 Irishmen.  Niall established a dynasty of powerful chieftains who dominated the island for six centuries.  Niall belongs to Haplogroup R1b1c7 (M222). It should be noted that Dr. Moore's results examined some different parts of DNA (loci) from the result given here[9].

STR Y-DNA Markers - Panel 1
Name Haplogroup 393 390 391 19 385A 385B 426 388 439 389I 392 389II
Name Haplogroup 393 390 391 19 385A 385B 426 388 439 389I 392 389II
Niall R1b 13 25 14 11 11 13 12 12 12 13 14 29
STR Y-DNA Markers - Panel 2
Name 458 459A 459B 455 454 447 437 448 449 464A 464B 464C 464D
Name 458 459A 459B 455 454 447 437 448 449 464A 464B 464C 464D
Niall 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 18 30 15 16 16 17

Fred Phelps

Fred Phelps, the creator of the infamous Westboro Baptist Church, belongs to haplogroup R1b. He descends from James Phelps of Chowan, North Carolina.


Oxford University researchers traced the Y-chromosome signature of Somerled of Argyll, one of Scotland's greatest warriors, who is credited with driving out the Vikings. He was also paternal grandfather of the founder of Clan Donald.  Through clan genealogies, the genetic relation was mapped out.[10] Somerled belongs to haplogroup R1a1.In 2005 a study by Professor of Human Genetics Bryan Sykes of Oxford University led to the conclusion that Somerled has possibly 500,000 living descendants - making him the second most common historical ancestor after Genghis Khan[11] Sykes deduced that despite Somerled's reputation for having driven out the Vikings from Scotland, Somerled's own Y-DNA most closely matched that of the Vikings he fought.The Y-DNA sequence is as follows (25 markers)[12][13]:

Famous STR Y-DNA Markers
Name Haplogroup 393 390 19 391 385a 385b 426 388 439 389i 392 389ii 458 459a 459b 455 454 447 437 448 449 464a 464b 464c 464d
Name Haplogroup 393 390 19 391 385a 385b 426 388 439 389i 392 389ii 458 459a 459b 455 454 447 437 448 449 464a 464b 464c 464d
Somerled R1a1 13 25 15 11 11 14 12 12 10 14 11 31 16 8 10 11 11 23 14 20 31 12 15 15 16

Tonu Trubetsky

R1a1a, shown not related to real Princes Trubetskoy.

DYS39339019391385a385b426388439389i392389ii458459a459b455454447437448449464a464b464c464dAlleles1325151111141212101311311591011112514213212121414Ysearch: WUZG2

Colla Uais

Colla Uais had previously been deduced as belonging to Y-DNA haplogroup R1b, based on results from DNA projects, and as having the following haplotype:


This identification proved to be ill-founded and has since been revoked.


Listing requirements

To be listed on this page one or more of the following is observed:

  1. Published DNA results of the person or a relative in the paternal (surname) lineage.
    • Inferred paternal descent or relation is of limited evidence which could be disproved or improved by future research. The inferred descent must be easy to read and show how the conclusion was formulated.
    • Usually with Y-STRs the haplogroup is only predicted, Y-SNPs confirm the haplogroup and will take precedence.
    • Company where testing was completed with published, verifiable results.
  2. Evidence to support if one of the following conditions is met:
    • In Publications(physical or web based): Must contain evidence of achievements and discoveries in scientific publications.
    • Mass Media presence: Revealed by coverage in multiple media outlets reaching millions of people.


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Lucotte, Gerard; Thomasset, Thierry; Hrechdakian, Peter (2011). "Haplogroup of the Y Chromosome of Napoléon the First". Journal of Molecular Biology Research 1 (1). doi:10.5539/jmbr.v1n1p12. ISSN 1925-4318. 
  2. Coia, V.; Cipollini, G.; Anagnostou, P.; Maixner, F.; Battaggia, C.; Brisighelli, F.; Gómez-Carballa, A; Destro Bisol, G.; Salas, A.; Zink, A. "Whole mitochondrial DNA sequencing in Alpine populations and the genetic history of the Neolithic Tyrolean Iceman". Scientific Reports 6, Article number: 18932. doi: 10.1038/srep18932.
  3. Malmström, Helena; Vretemark, Maria; Tillmar, Andreas; Durling, Mikael Brandström; Skoglund, Pontus; Gilbert, M. Thomas P.; Willerslev, Eske; Holmlund, Gunilla et al. (2012). "Finding the founder of Stockholm – A kinship study based on Y-chromosomal, autosomal and mitochondrial DNA". Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger 194 (1): 138–145. doi:10.1016/j.aanat.2011.03.014. ISSN 09409602. 
  4. "Y-chromosome of Emperor Cao Cao: O2." Dienekes’ Anthropology Blog. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Nov. 2016.
  5. Wang, Chuan-Chao; Yan, Shi; Yao, Can; Huang, Xiu-Yuan; Ao, Xue; Wang, Zhanfeng; Han, Sheng; Jin, Li et al. (2013). "Ancient DNA of Emperor CAO Cao’s granduncle matches those of his present descendants: a commentary on present Y chromosomes reveal the ancestry of Emperor CAO Cao of 1800 years ago". Journal of Human Genetics 58 (4): 238–239. doi:10.1038/jhg.2013.5. ISSN 1434-5161. 
  6. William Richard Cutter (1912). Genealogical and Family History of Western New York: A Record of the Achievements of Her People in the Making of a Commonwealth and the Building of a Nation. Lewis Historical Publishing Company. p. 1252. 
  7. "Carpenter Cousins Y-DNA Project X-Site - Y-DNA Colorized Chart." Family Tree DNA, n.d. Web. 23 Nov. 2016.
  8. Discovering the origins of Charles Darwin (press release). Genographic Project, 4 February 2010.
  9. Ysearch user: M5UKQ
  10. "The Norse Code". 2003-09-28. Retrieved 2011-05-12.
  11. DNA shows Celtic hero Somerled's Viking roots ( snapshot 26 April 2006). The Scotsman. Originally published, 23rd December 2005.
  12. Ysearch user: YS495
  13. 111 Y-DNA markers found on webpage Clan Donald USA