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DNA databases

From ISOGG Wiki

There are a number of public DNA databases that can be used by the genetic genealogist. Some provide a facility for people to enter their DNA results and search for close or exact matches. Other databases are publicly searchable but it is not possible to input your own results.

List of DNA databases

MTDNA databases

Y-DNA databases

  • Geni.com. Geni.com introduced DNA matching in July 2016. Customers can integrate their Y-DNA, mtDNA and autosomal DNA results from Family Tree DNA with their Geni tree. Uploads are also accepted of autosomal DNA data from 23andMe and AncestryDNA.
  • mitoYDNA.org - A Public mtDNA website for uploading Y-DNA and mitochondrial DNA to create a YDNA and mitochondrial DNA database. The site is volunteer drive and will be accessible to all.
  • WikiTree lists DNA testers, their DNA test information, GEDmatch and mitoYDNA ID's, with links from the ancestors profile to matches and comparisons on these third-party sites, on a testers ancesters profile.
  • YDHS database For a description see Human chromosome Y and haplogroups: introducing YDHS database (Tiirikka1 T, Moilanen JS, Clinical and Translational Medicine 2015; 4: 20).
  • Yfiler Y-STR database
  • YHRD, a freely accessible YHRD (Y Chromosome Haplotype Reference Database which is designed to store Y-STR haplotypes from global populations for both forensic genetics and genetic genealogy.
  • US Y-STR database A database for estimating Y-STR haplotype population frequencies.

Autosomal SNP databases

  • DNA.Land A not for profit community website run by academics affiliated with Columbia University and the New York Genome Center. The site offers a biogeographical analysis, imputation, relative-matching feature, importing data from Geni.com, and a relatives of relatives report.
  • GEDMatch.com An outgrowth of the RogersDNA surname project; run by individuals. A cross testing company comparison site. Many analysis tools (some for fee) not available on testing company sites. 3rd largest database of Autosomal (and X) results to compare against (Ancestry.com and 23andMe being tied for first). Still supports GEDCom file upload and comparison as well.
  • Geneanet A French genealogy website which allows free uploads.
  • Geni.com. Geni.com introduced DNA matching in July 2016. Customers can integrate their Y-DNA, mtDNA and autosomal DNA results from Family Tree DNA with their Geni tree. Uploads are also accepted of autosomal DNA data from 23andMe and AncestryDNA.
  • Open Humans A project initiated by the Personal Genome Project. Users can share their data, including genome, microbiome, and viral surveillance research data, with other users and researchers for the advancement of science.
  • WikiTree lists DNA testers, their DNA test information, GEDmatch ID's, with links from the ancestors profile to matches and comparisons at GEDmatch, on a testers ancesters profile.
  • Open SNP A public database of genotyping files uploaded by customers of direct-to-consumer testing companies. The database includes files from 23andMe, DeCODE genetics and FTDNA's Family Finder test

Note that some of the major testing companies also accept uploads. See the autosomal DNA testing comparison chart.

Autosomal STR databases

Ancient DNA databases

Former DNA databases

Scientific papers

References

  1. Estes R. RIP Sorenson - a crushing loss. DNAeXplained blog, 14 May 2015.

See also