Page Actions

Y-DNA STR testing comparison chart

From ISOGG Wiki

This Y-STR testing chart provides comparative information on the Y-STR Y chromosome DNA tests offered by the major DNA testing companies. Y-STR tests are used for genetic genealogy within a genealogical timeframe and are generally co-ordinated through surname DNA projects.

Some surname DNA projects offer sponsored Y-DNA tests. To see if your name is included on the list visit our free DNA tests page.

For background information on purchasing a DNA test see Before You Buy and Choosing a DNA testing company.

For guidelines on DNA testing see the Genetic genealogy standards.

For information on Y-SNP testing for deep ancestry purposes and SNP discovery see the ISOGG Y-DNA SNP testing chart. Note that the Y-DNA next generation sequencing test from Full Genomes Corporation provides a report which includes analysis of over 300 Y-STRs. The Big Y test from Family Tree DNA also includes Y-STRs but Y-STR analysis is not provided by FTDNA. However, it is possible to pay a small fee for an analysis of Big Y STRs from YFull or Full Genomes Corporation.

This chart is provided for informational purposes only. Additions can be made upon ISOGG member request. Please submit additions, corrections/updates to .

Company and product name Family Tree DNA Genebase Systems, Inc. Oxford Ancestors, Ltd. YSEQ
Main purpose of test Genealogy Genealogy Deep ancestry Genealogy
Date when product first went on sale 2000 2005 (1998) 2000 2013
Cost 37 STRs $169
67 STRs $268
111 STRs $359
20 STRs $119
44 STRs $199
101 STRs $339
26 STRs £199 ($249) Alpha Panel (16 STRs, including some multi-part markers) $58
Beta Panel (14 STRs, including some multi-part markers) $58
Alpha-Beta Panel (37 STRs) $85[1]
Delta Panel (50 STRs) $95
Gamma Panel (36 STRs) $95
Project prices 12 STRs $59
25 STRs $109
37 STRs $149
67 STRs $248
111 STRs $339.00
n/a 4 x 15 STRs £720 ($1126) n/a
Additional Y-STRs DYF371X $25
DYS464X $25.00
DYS385a/b $30.00[2]
n/a n/a Single markers $9.96 - $19.95 (from a selection of 113)
DYS464 palindromic panel including DYS464X and DYF399X $25
Shipping charges $12.95 for USA and international orders (prepaid return postage is included for US kits)[3] Regular delivery: approximately 7 to 10 business days - $10.00 USD. Express delivery: 1 to 2 business days - $25.00 USD £6.00 UK; £13.00 Europe and worldwide $ 5.00 USD or €3.98 worldwide
International product availability Worldwide Worldwide Worldwide Worldwide
DNA sample storage Yes (free 25 years) Unknown No Free unlimited storage[4]
Projects supported Yes, Surname projects, geographical projects and haplogroup projects No No Yes, Surname projects and haplogroup projects
Size of Y-STR database as of 26 May 2016 568,000+ [5] Unknown Unknown 73571[6]
Project/crowd funding Yes, through projects' General Funds No No Yes, by donating to Group Funds
Online community or forum Public FTDNA Forums  ?  ? YSEQ Facebook group
Additional DNA testing options available from this company Yes, multiple options for Y chromosome STR testing, Y-SNP testing (single SNPs, specialised SNP panels and Y-chromosome sequencing), and autosomal DNA testing Yes, limited Y-SNP testing and multiple options for mtDNA testing Yes, limited mtDNA testing Yes, Y-SNP testing (single SNPs and specialised SNP panels)
Lead scientists in the company Michael Hammer, Connie Bormans Unknown Bryan Sykes Thomas Krahn, Astrid Krahn.
Advisory board and consultants for the company Bruce Walsh, Doron Behar, Spencer Wells[7] Unknown n/a n/a
Ownership Gene by Gene
Managing partners Bennett Greenspan and Max Blankfeld
 ? Oxford Ancestors Limited
Directors: Bryan Sykes, Susan Foden and William James
Privately held by Thomas Krahn and Astrid Krahn
Lab(s) used Family Tree DNA Genomics Center, Houston, Texas Genetrack Biolabs, Inc. Oxford Ancestors Laboratory, Kidlington, Oxfordshire DNA-Fingerprint , Berlin, Germany[8]
Method for collecting the sample Cheek swab Cheek swab  ? Cheek swab
Address Family Tree DNA
1445 North Loop West
Suite 820
TX 77008
Genebase Systems Inc
200-2806 Kingsway
Vancouver BC V5R 5T5
Oxford Ancestors
PO BOX 841
Oxfordshire OX1 9LJ
Eiswaldtstr. 31
12249 Berlin
E-mail address FTDNA Contact Form email email email
Phone number (1) 713-868-1438 (1) 877-714-6357 (toll free) (44) (0)845 5438060 (1) 281-627-8139.
Year founded 2000 2005 (1998)[9] 2000 2013


Family Tree DNA, Genebase, Oxford Ancestors and Y-SEQ are registered, trademarked, and/or copyrighted names of companies, websites and organizations, not affiliated with ISOGG.

For a detailed comparison of the individual Y-STR markers tested by each company see Michael L. Hébert's Y-DNA Testing Company STR Marker Comparison Chart


  1. The YSEQ Alpha-Beta Panel tests the same markers as the FTDNA 37-marker YDNA test
  2. This is known as the Kittler test, and will allow the user to determine the actual order of DYS385a-b. See the page in the FTDNA Learning Center on Advanced Y-DNA Y-STR tests
  3. Editorial Staff. "Shipping DNA tests worldwide". Family Tree DNA Learning Center. Gene by Gene. Retrieved 2015-5-24. 
  4. YSEQ cannot guarantee how long samples will be usable. If a sample degrades a free replacement kit will be provided. The customer will need to pay the return postage back to Berlin.
  5. About the Family Tree DNA database. Accessed 26 May 2016.
  6. Thomas Krahn. Personal communication to Debbie Kennett, 1 August 2017.
  7. Who's who at Family Tree DNA
  8. YSEQ Frequently Asked Questions. Accessed 26 May 2016.
  9. Genebase launched in 2005. Genetrack Biolabs launched in 1998

Further reading


See also